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Revision Date : 31 March 2011

    The Lerpinieres in France

    The Lerpiniere family is of French origin, and is thought to have come from near the town of Saumur in the Loire valley.  There is a small place called La Herpiniére near Saumur, but according to a recent visitor it consists “of a very rundown house, a wine bottling shed and miles of vineyards, with not a soul to be seen.  There was also a small museum with the same name some miles away.”  There is also a “Rue Gaudeau Lerpiniére” in the village of Châtelleraut, between Tours and Poitiers.  Some details of the Lerpinieres who lived in Châtelleraut are given at the end of this chapter.

    One possible derivation of the name is from the French “le piniére”, meaning “a pine cutter”, and the family may originally have been woodsmen, foresters or timber merchants.

    Saumur was historically a stronghold of the Huguenots, the French Protestants of the 16th and 17th centuries.  After a long series of religious wars which began in 1562, civil rights were granted to the Huguenots by Henry IV (Henry of Navarre) in the Edict of Nantes in 1598.  However in January 1685 Louis XIV decreed the closure of the Huguenot Academy of Saumur, a centre of learning which was respected throughout Europe and England.  There was a general exodus of the Saumur professors and students, and of many families, “among whom (according to an account in 1814) may be reckoned all the most distinguished by merit, birth and wealth”.  The Edict was revoked in October 1685 by Louis XIV, who was fearful of the rise of the Reformed religion in the adjoining territories of the Netherlands, and the possibility of his own Protestant subjects joining in the struggle against their Catholic rulers. The immediate result of the revocation was that tens of thousands of her most industrious citizens left France, mainly for Germany and England.  The population of Saumur was reduced by more than half.

    The first member of the family currently recorded is a Daniel Lherpiniere, a bookseller at Saumur, who was born in 1594.  On 5th December 1621 he married Madeleine Jacquet.  His sister was Jeanne Delerpiniere, who was born in 1596, married Jean Naudin, and was buried in Saumur on 15th June 1672.  (The two forms of the name seem to have been interchangeable.)  The records of the Department of Maine et Loire record four children of Daniel and Madeleine :
  • Daniel, baptised on 21st February 1621 in Saumur,
  • Madeleine, baptised on 6th July 1622 in Saumur, and buried there on 23rd July in the same year,
  • Marie, baptised in 1623, and interred on 17th April 1629 in Saumur, and
  • Madeleine, baptised on 29th November 1624 in Saumur, and buried on 24th October 1626 in the same town.
    Madeleine Lherpiniere was buried on 4th March 1660, and Daniel on the 2nd July 1679, both in Saumur.

    Their son Daniel, became a pastor and the Minister of the Church at Vendôme, a town about 105 kilometres north-east of Saumur, and Montbouleau.  Pastor Daniel married Elizabeth Tripier, born in 1630, and their children were :
  • Daniel Delerpiniere, baptised at Vendôme on 24th September 1650.  Godfather to the infant was Daniel Delerpiniere, the bookseller.  The pastor who carried out the ceremony was Amyrault, one of the most respected professors at the Huguenot Academy of Saumur.
  • Etienne Lherpiniere, who was buried at Saumur on 24th February 1658,
  • Madeleine Delerpiniere, born in 1656,
  • Elizabeth Lerpiniere, baptised on 8th April 1657, in Saumur, and
  • Marie Lerpiniere, born in 1665, and buried on 5th October 1674, in Saumur.
    It is believed that Elizabeth Tripier came from a wealthy family of gold merchants in Le Mans, and that her money assisted the Delerpiniere family when they emigrated to England.

    In 1655 Jeanne Delerpiniere (ancien) was godmother to Jeanne, daughter of Jeanne Ribot, and in 1657 pastor Daniel Delerpiniere was godfather to Daniel, son of Rene Leroy, Doctor of Medicine, and Jeanne Ribot.

    The interment of Madeleine Jacquet, wife of the Sieur de Lerpiniere, was recorded in 1660.  In 1669 bookseller Daniel Delerpiniere stood godfather at the baptism of Tanquy, son of Jean Lesnier, bookseller, and Ann Lefebvre.  Godmother was Madeleine Lesnier, wife of Jean Ribotteau, another bookseller.  The infant died 15 days later.  D de Lerpiniere and J Lesnier published a book “Les Poetes grecs de Mr Le Fèvre” (Tanneguy Le Fèvre) in Saumur in 1664.

    Daniel, the son of pastor Daniel, became a theology student, and was present in 1672 at the interment of his [great] aunt Jeanne Delerpiniere, widow of Jean Naudin (bourgeois), aged 76.  Also present was Daniel Delerpiniere, bookseller, the brother of the deceased.

    In 1675 the interment of Jean Lesnier, book publisher and printer, aged 36, was attended by publisher Jean Ribotteau, his father[brother?]-in-law, and bookseller Daniel Delerpiniere.

    Elizabeth Tripier, aged 45, was interred in Saumur on 12th May 1675, in the presence of her father-in-law, bookseller Daniel Delerpiniere.

    The marriage was recorded on 19th April 1676 of Abraham Meure, Regent of the Academy at Saumur, aged 26, son of the late Abraham Meure (locksmith) and Suzanne Ollier, with Madeleine Delerpiniere, aged 20, daughter of the late Daniel Delerpiniere, Minister of Vendôme and Elizabeth Tripier.  Present was Daniel Delerpiniere, bookseller, grandfather of the bride.  Abraham Meure was baptised on 7th August 1650, in Par Arbaud.  The couple had four children before they left France via Nantes for England in 1685.  They were denized in England on 9th April 1687.  Their children were :
  • Abraham, baptised on 21st February 1677,
  • Daniel, baptised in Saumur on 20th February 1678.  He died before 1684.
  • Andre, baptised in Saumur on 25th February 1680, and
  • Daniel, born on 14th January 1684 in Saumur, and baptised two days after.
    [Elizabeth Dew found records of the baptism of Abraham, son of Abraham Meure and Elizabeth [?] Delerpiniere in 1677.  The baptisms of Andre in 1680, and Daniel in 1681, sons of Abraham Meure and Madeleine Delerpiniere, are also recorded.]

    It is not known when Daniel Delerpiniere emigrated to England, nor exactly why, and some of the family must have remained in France, as a Le Piniére is said to have been a member of the Third Estate, the assembly of commoners set up to govern the country after the overthrow of Louis XVI at the beginning of the French Revolution.  It is believed that this family fled to the Channel Island of Sark after Robespierre began his “Reign of Terror” in the early 1790’s.

    The Lerpinieres in England

    Daniel Delerpiniere

    Daniel Delerpiniere was denized on 12th June 1682, at Windsor, England.  He married Mary Barnonville at St Mary’s, Marylebone Road, on 22nd July 1680, and their son, Edward Daniel, was baptised at St Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster, on 15th December 1681.  By this time the family name had been shortened and Anglicised to Lerpiniere.  Denization was a process which conferred certain rights on an individual, but fell short of full naturalisation.  This is because those who came from France imagined that their stay in England would be short and that they would return to their homeland.

    Daniel was ordained by the Bishop of London on 1st October 1690.  He was then appointed as Rector of Rishangles in 1694, Little Thornham in 1696, and Great Thornham, Suffolk in 1702.  He remained in Great Thornham, now known as Thornham Magna until he died in 1712, and was buried on 30th April 1712.  His wife, Mary, was buried there on 14th September 1736.  According to Gregory Linden, “Thornham Magna is a tiny village about ten miles north of Stowmarket, just off the A140.  Lady Henniker, the present squiress of Thornham Magna assures me that there is no decipherable monument.”

    Edward Lerpiniere

    Edward Lerpiniere married Elizabeth Chevalier, “who descended from a creditable family in France who were Protestant and forsook their possessions”, at St Mary Magdalene, Old Fish Street, on 18th July 1703.  A declaration was signed by Edward on 16th July on “Which day appeared Edward Lerepiniere of St Margaret’s Loathbury London Gent [?], above 21 years and a Bachelor and alledged that he intendeth to marry with Mrs Elizabeth Chevalier of ye same parish aged above 19 years and a Spinster with ye consent of her Father, not knowing nor believing any impediment by reason of any precontract Consanguinity Affinity or any other lawful meanes whatsoever to hinder ye intended marriage of ye truth of ye premises he made oath and prayed Lycence for them to be married in the parish Church of St Mary Magdalen in Knight Ryder [?] Streete London.”

    Edward and Elizabeth had eight children :
  • Daniel, born about 1704,
  • Elizabeth, born in 1706, who died young,
  • Samuel, born in 1708,
  • Mary, baptised at St Andrew’s, Holborn, on 18th October 1710,
  • Margaret, who died young,
  • Edward, who died young,
  • Ann, who died young, and
  • John, christened at St Giles, Cripplegate, on 18th March 1715.
    Edward Lerpiniere worked as a clerk in the Excise Office for many years, rising to the position of “Deputy Auditor of his Majesty’s Revenues of Excise” by 1715, under the Auditor, Sir Basil Dixwell.  A Treasury Warrant of that year approved the payment by the Excise Commissioners of £500 each to Edward Lerpiniere and Bartholomew Bruere for their services in working out of office hours on the candle and malt taxes in 1711.

    Samuel Lerpiniere married Margaret, and they had a son, Edward, christened on 19th December 1742 at St Botolph’s, Bishopsgate.

    Daniel Lerpiniere

    Daniel Lerpiniere followed his father into the Excise Office, where his yearly salary as one of six clerks of £60 is recorded for 1723.  It is probable that Edward Lerpiniere had died by this time, as the Deputy Auditor was listed as a John Ogden.

    On 11th April 1732 Daniel Lerpiniere signed the following statement :  “Appeared personally Daniel Lerpiniere of the parish of St Leonard’s Shoreditch in the County of Middlesex Batchelor aged Twenty six years and alledged that he intends to marry with Margaret Goadby of the same parish Spinster aged Twenty three years.  And that he knoweth of no lawful Let or Impediment by reason of any precontract Consanguinity Affinity or any other lawful means whatsoever to hinder the intended Marriage of the truth of which he made Oath and prayed Licence to solemnize the said Marriage in the parish Church of St Catherine Coleman [?] London.”

    Margaret Goadby was the daughter of Samuel Goadby and his wife Margaret, and was christened on 21st March 1707 at St Margaret’s Lothbury.  A fuller history of the Goadby family is given at the end of this chapter.

    Daniel Lerpiniere died in 1774, and was buried at Bunhill Fields.  This burial ground, the old Bone Hill Fields, was used for the burial of 120 000 bodies between 1665 and 1852.  Many were non-conformists, since the ground was never consecrated.  In 1775 Daniel’s Will passed probate and “On the Sixth Day Admon of the Goods and Chattels and Credits of Daniel Lerpiniere late of the Parish of ST DUNSTANS STEPNEY a widower deceased was granted to Daniel Lerpiniere Natural and Lawful Son.”

    Daniel and Margaret’s children were :
  • Elizabeth, born on 19th February 1732, and baptised on 5th March in St Leonard’s, Shoreditch, who died young,
  • Daniel, baptised in June 1734 in St Leonard’s, Shoreditch,
  • Samuel, baptised on 13th June 1735 (?),
  • Margaret, who died young,
  • Edward, born in 1742.

    Daniel Lerpiniere

    Daniel Lerpiniere married Mary Levy in 1758, applying for the licence on 22nd May :  “Appeared personally Daniel Lerpiniere and made Oath that he is of the parish of St Bride’s London aged above Twenty three years and a Batchelor and intendeth to marry with Mary Levy of the same Parish aged above Twenty two years and a Spinster and that he knoweth of no lawful Impediment, by Reason of any Precontract entered into before the Twenty-fifth Day of March, one Thousand seven Hundred and Fifty-four, Consanguinity, Affinity, or any other lawful Means whatsoever, to hinder the said intended Marriage, and prayed a Licence to solemnize the same in the Parish Church of St Bride’s aforesaid and further made Oath that the usual Place of Abode of him the said Daniel Lerpiniere hath been in the said Parish of St Bride’s for the space of four Weeks last past.”

    Daniel became a noted engraver, and was a pupil of François Vivares, the first landscape engraver in England, and in his work used both graver and point.  He did much work for John Boydell of Cheapside, who is considered by some to be the founder of the English ‘Fine Arts’ business.  A very brief obituary is contained in “A biographical dictionary, containing an historical account of all the engravers from the earliest period of the art of engraving to the present time” by Joseph Strutt (2 volumes, London 1785) :
Born,        Died, 1785
    This artift was a landfcape painter, who refided at Walcot Place, Lambeth, where he died.  We have two large landfcapes with ruins, coarfely engraved by him from the defigns of John Taylor, Efq.

    Frederick Topping was apprenticed to Daniel Lerpiniere on 5th October 1770, upon payment of a premium of £52/10/0.  John Peltro was also an engraver at Daniel Lerpiniere’s establishment, Walcot Place, Lambeth in 1779.  He died on 5th August 1808, aged 48.

    Between 1774 and his death in 1785, Daniel lived in Lambeth.  Until 1750 the only bridge across the Thames was London Bridge.  As London’s population rapidly increased during the early years of the 18th century, and travel became easier due to the progress made in coaching and road building, a bridge was built at Westminster.  This brought more traffic into the area and an Act was passed enabling new roads to be built.  Among them was Kennington Road, which was first known as the New Road or Walcot Place until 1868, and linked Westminster Bridge with Kennington Common.  The area had been mostly devoted to market gardening, which was fortunate for the Turnpike Trustees as they were able to build a wide and straight road.

    No 121 Kennington Road (formerly 60 and then 61 Walcot Place) was built in 1774 and was the residence of Daniel Lerpiniere, engraver, until he died there in 1785.  His widow, Mary Levy Lerpiniere lived on at Kennington Road until 1803, dying in Lambeth in 1810.

    There are one or two interesting features about the house.  The dado rails are mostly original, and there are still 3 top hat pegs.  The staircase is original, and the fireplaces are well preserved as they were covered by plywood or boarded over.  Many of the window shutters are intact.  The garden is large for a house in the centre of London.  In 1990 Lerpiniere House was sold to a gentleman from Bangladesh and Daniel’s prints which had remained in the house were also sold and dispersed except for four that the previous owner, a Mr Harvey, still owned.

    Daniel Lerpiniere engraved several landscapes, among them being Claude Lorrain’s “Flight into Egypt” and “Adoration of the Golden Calf”.  Sea battles were also a favourite subject and he also engraved some of the paintings brought back by Captain Cook’s artists after their South Sea explorations.  These engravings sold for 7 guineas in those days.

    Original engravings formerly at 121 Kennington Road until 1990 were :
  • The Spaniards’ - a view of London at Hampstead looking South
  • View of London from Southwark looking North
  • A Native Family in Dusky Bay New Zealand
  • A Native Temple in Atooi (Hawaiian Islands)
  • The relief of Gibraltar on 11.10.1782
  • Rodney’s Defeat of a Squadron of Spanish Ships off Cape St Vincent 16th January 1780
  • Rodney’s & Hood’s Defeat of a French Fleet between Saintes and Dominica April 12th 1782 (Colour)
  • Admiral Hyde Parker’s Action Against the Dutch Fleet on the Dogger Bank 5th August 1781
  • Quebec and Surveillant Burning
  • Jamaica.  Bridge Over the Cobre River near Spanish Town
  • Jamaica.  Bridge Over the Cabaritta River
  • Blind Man’s Bluff
    Further works were :
  • St George and the Dragon                      after Lorrain
  • Golden Calf                                                     "
  • Flight Into Egypt                                              "
  • Evening                                                          Pinnacker
  • Morning                                                          "
  • Young Shepherd with Herd                            Cuyp
  • Shepherds at Play (Series of Six)                    Leuthenbourg
  • Italian Landscapes (Two)                               Taylor
  • Arcadian Shepherds (Two)                            Taverner
  • The Meet                                                       Robertson
  • Storm at Sea                                                 Wooten
  • Seacalm                                                         Vernet
  • Admiral Howe’s Manœuvres
  • Sea Battle with Parsons and Jones
  • Portrait of Harriers
  • Antiquities of Athens for 3rd Vol. of Stuart’s book of same
  • Exhibited Drawings and Engravings with the Free Society of Artists 1773-1783
    Daniel Lerpiniere’s Will was very simple, and made no mention of any children of his marriage :
    “Hereby revoking all other wills Mr Daniel Lerpiniere of Walcot Place in the Parish of St Mary Lambeth in the County of Surrey do make this my last Will and Testament with my own hand in manner following.

    “I do give and bequeath to my brother Samuel Lerpiniere £5.5.0 for mourning and to my dear cousin Margaret Klotz £3.3.0 for a ring all the rest and residue of my money and effects whatsoever I do Give and Bequeath to my wife Mary Lerpiniere and do make her my whole and sole Executrix of this my last Will and Testament.

Daniel Lerpiniere
Walcot Place

    “The Legacy of £300 left to me by my uncle Robert Goadby if the whole or any part of it remains unpaid at my death I do likewise give to my Executrix.

Daniel Lerpiniere

Appeared personally:

    “Samuel Goadby of the Royal Exchange in the Parish of St Michael Cornhill, London Stationer, and John Postgate of Walcot Place in the Parish of St Mary Lambeth in the County of Surrey Engraver and made oath that they knew and were well acquainted with Daniel Lerpiniere late of Walcot Place in the Parish of St Mary Lambeth in the County of Surrey aforesaid deceased and with his manner and character of handwriting and subscription they having often seen him write and also subscribe his name and having now carefully viewed and perused the paper writing hereunto annexed purporting to be and contain the last Will and Testament of the said deceased and also a Codicil to the same Will beginning “hereby revoking ...... ” ending thus “and do make her my sole Executrix ...... ” and thus subscribed “Daniel Lerpiniere” and the said Codicil contained in the following words and figures “The Legacy ...... ” do depose and say that they verily and in their consciences believe the whole body series and contents of the said paper writing or last Will and Testament and Codicil to be all of the proper handwriting and subscription of the said Daniel Lerpiniere deceased.

    This Will was proved at London with a Codicil the fourteenth day of September in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty four before the worshipful Andrew Cotter Ducarel Doctor of Laws Surrogate of the Right Worshipful Peter Calvert Doctor of Laws Master Keeper or Commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the oath of Mary Lerpiniere widow the relict of the deceased and sole executrix named in the said Will to whom administration was granted of all and singular the goods chattels and credits of the said deceased she having been first sworn duly to administer.”

    Samuel Lerpiniere

    Samuel Lerpiniere was a pupil at the Merchant Taylors’ School in 1749/50, and followed his father and grandfather into the Auditor’s Office of the Excise Office.  He benefited from the will of his uncle, Robert Goadby, from whom he inherited the printing works in Sherborne, jointly with Robert’s brother, Samuel Goadby.  There is a Bible in the church at Weymouth entitled “An Illustration of the New Testament by Notes and Explications, Tenth Edition, Vol II” which was printed for S Goadby, S Lerpiniere and J Langdon, sold by L B Seeley, Ave Maria Lane, London and bound by S Commins, Wetmouth.  Samuel died in 1808, and was buried at Bunhill Fields.  His Will makes no mention of a wife or children :
    “In the name of God Amen I Samuel Lerpiniere of the Parish of St Luke Old Street in the County of Middlesex, Gentleman do make this my last Will and Testament and though labouring under much weakness and bodily infirmities yet through the goodness of the Almighty possessed of sound mind and memory to settle my worldly affairs in form following that is to say

    “Imprimis I give and bequeath to my Nephew Edward Tertius Lerpiniere the sum of £100 of lawful money of Great Britain.  To Charlotte the widow of my deceased brother Edward the sum of £100 of like lawful money.  To Charlotte her daughter now married to James McKenna of Liverpool the like sum of £100.  To Mary Lerpiniere widow of my deceased brother Daniel the like sum of £100.  To my Cousin Margaret Townsend the like sum of £50 of like lawful money.  To my cousin Johanna Gardiner the like sum of £50.  To Edward Gardiner of Pump Row Old Street the like sum of £50.  To Samuel Gardiner his son the sum of £25.  To Katherine Gardiner the daughter of Edward the like sum of £25.  To Mary Stevens of Red Lion Street Holborn the sum of £50.  To Ann Hillyer spinster £50.  To Ann Clark spinster £20.  To James Langdon of Sherborne in the County of Dorset the sum of £90 to be distributed by him to such person and persons and in such shares and proportions according to directions addressed to him by me and which are enclosed in this my Will and I also give and bequeath to James Langdon of Sherborne aforesaid the sum of £100 of like lawful money.  To John Townsend of Walworth in the County of Surrey Drawing Master the like sum of £100.  To Charles Poultney Webb of Kennington in the said County of Surrey Gentleman the like sum of £100 and I do hereby nominate constitute and appoint the said James Langdon John Townsend and Charles Poultney Webb Joint Executors of this my Will and it is my wish and desire that the sum of £125 standing in my name in the £4 Per Centum Bank Annuities at the Bank be sold out and with the dividends due thereon applied to procure admission for my niece Hannah Ramsden Lerpiniere the infant daughter of my nephew Daniel at Halifax into the Orphan School in the City Road London and if the amount thereof should not prove sufficient my mind and will is that what is further needful shall be paid out of my personal Estate after all my debts, funeral expenses and the charges of proving this my Will are paid and satisfied.  I give and bequeath all the rest residue and remainder of my Estate and Effects and as ...... shall come into the hands of my said Executors to be equally divided between my said Nephew Edward Tertius Lerpiniere my sister-in-law Charlotte Lerpiniere the widow of my brother Daniel my niece Charlotte McKenna the infant daughter of my brother Daniel my two cousins Margaret Townsend and Johanna Gardiner and in case any or either of the above named residuary legatees shall depart this life in my lifetime or before the payment and division of the said residue of my Estate and Effects I give and bequeath the part or share of him her or them so dying of in and to the same unto his her or their Executor or Executors or other personal representative or representatives and I do hereby revoke and make void all former and other Wills by me at any time heretofore made and so declare this to be and stand as and for my only last Will and Testament.  In witness I the said testator Samuel Lerpiniere have to this my last Will and Testament contained in two sheets of paper to the first sheet thereof set my hand and to the second and last sheet my hand and seal this sixth day of October in the year of our Lord one thousand and eight hundred and six.  Signed sealed published and declared by the said Testator Samuel Lerpiniere as and for his last Will and Testament in the presence of us who in his presence at his request and in the presence of each other have subscribed our names as witnesses hereto the word (Webb) in the fourth line from the bottom of the first sheet being first interlined. –– Samuel Goadby Spital Square London  –– Wm Bd Davenwitt Clerk to Samuel Toulmin No 30 Walbrook Attorney

    “Donations by the hands of James Langdon from Samuel Lerpiniere

To Isabel Watts    £20
To William Towers    £20
To John Langdon Senr    £20
To the person who goes the weekly journey to Exeter    £10
To the usual man that set out from Sherborne with    £20
    the newspapers    £90

                                    14 November 1808
    “On which day appeared personally James Langdon of Sherborne in the County of Dorset Printer, John Townsend of Walworth on the County of Surrey Drawing  Master, Charles Poultney Webb of Kennington in the same County Gentleman and jointly and severally made oath as follows that they are the Executors named in the last Will and Testament of Samuel Lerpiniere late of the Parish of St Luke Old Street in the County of Middlesex deceased now hereunto annexed and the said John Townshend and Charles Poultney Webb for themselves made oath that in a few days after the death of the said Testator the said Will which was sealed up in an envelope or cover was opened by them but that altho the Testator has therein given the sum of £90 to this appearor James Langdon to be distributed by him to such person or persons and in shares and proportions according to directions addressed to him by him the deceased and which are stated to be included in his Will these appearors found no direction or other paper writing in the said Will and the appearor Charles Poultney Webb for himself made oath that he hath since found the paper writing hereunto annexed locked up in a drawer in the said deceased’s house, in the same plight and condition as the same now appears and the these appearors jointly made oath that they verily believe the whole body series and contents of the sole paper writing which begins thus “Donation by the hands of John Langdon” and ends thus “To the usual man that set out from Sherbourne with the newspapers £20” to be of the proper hand writing of Samuel Goadby the uncle of the said Testator and who died in his lifetime they these appearors being well acquainted with the manner and character of handwriting of the said Samuel Goadby and as they have not found among the papers of the said Deceased or elsewhere any other paper of the like description or of a Testamentary Nature they verily and in their consciences believe the said paper writing now hereunto annexed to be the very paper of Directions referred to in the Will of the said Testator. –– Same date the said James Langdon John Townsend and Charles Poultney Webb were duly sworn to the truth of this affidavit before me S Parson Carr.

    “This Will was proved at London with a Codicil the fifteenth day of November in the year of our Lord One thousand eight hundred and eight before the worshipful Charles Foote Doctor of Laws and Surrogate of the Right Honourable Sir William ...... Knight Doctor of Laws Master Keeper or Commissary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the oaths of James Langdon John Townsend and Charles Poultney Webb the executors named in the said Will to whom administration was granted of all and singular the goods chattels and credits of the said deceased she having been first sworn duly to administer.”

    Edward Lerpiniere

    Edward Lerpiniere matriculated from Lincoln College, Oxford, in 1761, aged 18.  He married Charlotte Cator in 1764, and worked as a Land(ing) Surveyor in the Customs and Excise Office.  A detailed history of the Cator family is included at the end of the chapter.  Edward must have worked in the Liverpool Customs House for many years, as many of his ten children were baptised at St Nicholas’ Church, Liverpool :
  • Charlotte, born about 1765, who died young,
  • Robert, who died young,
  • Edward, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 14th July 1768, who died young,
  • Daniel, who married Judith Ramsden on 12th February 1798 in Halifax, Yorkshire.  They had a daughter, Hannah Ramsden, christened in Halifax on 25th November 1798.  Daniel probably died before 1808.
  • Charlotte, born on 29th August 1772, and baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 13th September 1772,
  • John, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 25th September 1774, who died young,
  • Edward, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 30th October 1776, who died young,
  • Samuel, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 13th September (or 29th August) 1778, who died young,
  • Edward Tertius (“Edward the Third”), baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 17th December (or 26th November) 1780, the son of Edward Lerpiniere, Gentleman, of Cross-hall Street, and
  • Samuel, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 4th May 1783, who died young.

    Charlotte Lerpiniere

    Charlotte Lerpiniere married James (Edward ?) McKenna on 4th November 1793 at St Nicholas, Liverpool.  Their children were :
  • Catherine Elizabeth, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 13th July 1794,
  • John,
  • Mary Ann, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 8th July 1798,
  • Edward Lerpiniere, christened at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 24th August 1800,
  • James, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 29th August 1802,
  • Margaret, christened at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 13th June 1804, and
  • Samuel Lerpiniere Goadby, baptised at St Nicholas, Liverpool, on 19th October 1806.

    Edward Tertius Lerpiniere

    Edward Tertius Lerpiniere married Mary Clarke on 14th February 1802 at All Saints Church, West Ham.  Edward became a mariner and carpenter, and lived in the East End of London, in or near the Isle of Dogs.  In 1802 this former desolate, windswept marshland area was developed with the building and opening of the West India Docks, and from that time ship-building and repair yards flourished along the Millwall Foreshore.  It is not known why the formerly respectable family descended to living in this location, which became an overcrowded, insanitary slum.  Possibly if Edward were initially connected with the Customs Office he may have been posted to an office established there when the new Docks were opened, and have left the service later.  There is a suspicion that he was a drunkard.  Edward died on 18th November 1848 of dropsy (anasarca, generalised dropsy of the subcutaneous tissues), in the West Ham Union House (the Leyton Workhouse).  He was 67 years old, although his death certificate gave his age as 72.  Their children were :
  • Samuel, born on 14th February 1804.  He married Rachel Carr Collins at St Botolph without Aldgate in 1828, and died before 1851.  Rachel Collins Lerpiniere died, aged 66, in the September quarter of 1873 at Mile End, London.
  • Edward Tertius II, born on 10th November 1806,
  • Daniel, born on 12th November 1808,
  • Mary, born on 15th April 1810,
  • Charlotte, born on 13th June 1812.  She emigrated to Tasmania, and married Peter Maclean Ross.
  • Sarah (Sally) Ann, born on 16th April 1816,
  • John, born in 1817,
  • Robert, born on 7th March 1819, and
  • William, born on 24th December 1820, who died, aged 73, in the June quarter of 1894 at Poplar.
    Daniel, Charlotte and Sarah Lerpiniere all emigrated to Australia.

    William Lerpiniere

    Much of the family research done in England has centred on William Lerpiniere and his descendants, and details of their lines are available elsewhere.  The 1881 Census lists details of William’s household at that time :
Residence : 387 West Ferry Rd, London
    William Lerpiniere                H        M        60        Carpenter (Unemployed)                    Stratford, ESX
    George                                    S        U         20        Engineer’s Turner                                Poplar, MSX
    Arthur                                     S        U         16        Carpenter’s Apprentice                      Poplar, MSX
    Allan                                       S        M         21        Carpenter’s Labourer                         Poplar, MSX
    Elizabeth                            D-in-L   M          21        Carpenter’s Lab Wife                        Somerset
    William                               Gson     --           8m        ---                                                         Poplar, MSX

    Edward Tertius Lerpiniere II

    Edward Lerpiniere married Maria Laybank on 1st August 1825, at St Giles Church, Cripplegate, London.  On 2nd September 1838 he married Sarah Anstee, or Johnson, at the same church, and he married her again on 11th April 1841, at St Pancras Old Church.  The reason for this is unknown.  Edward was married a fourth time, in 1862, to Ruth Woolston, at St George’s Camberwell, and died in 1879 of bronchitis in West Ham, aged 70.  Ruth Lerpiniere died, aged 79, in the March quarter of 1892, at West Ham.

    The children of Edward and Maria were :
  • Edward, born on 4th October 1826,
  • Charlotte, born on 23rd February 1829, and christened on 7th March 1830 at All Saints’ Church, West Ham.
  • Charles, born in 1831,
  • Samuel, born in 1833, and possibly
  • Mary, born in 1835.
    The 1841 Census listed the Lerpiniere household in Church Street, the next street from the Greyhound public house, West Ham :
    Edward Lerpiniere                                    35                    Silk printer
    Sarah                                                          30                    ---
    Edward                                                       14                    ---
    Charles                                                       10                    ---
    Samuel                                                         7                     ---
    James Clark                                               61                     ---
    Sarah Clark                                               65                      ---
    Mary Lerpiniere                                        6                       ---

    Charlotte was evidently not at home on the night that the census was taken.  It is not known who James and Sarah Clark were (possibly some relation to Edward’s mother, Mary, nee Clarke).

    In the 1851 Census the family was living at 99 Plaistow Grove, Church Street Ward, West Ham, and consisted of :
    Edward Lerpiniere                H        44                        Silk printer                                            Stratford, ESX
    Charlotte                               D         22                        Housekeeper                                       West Ham
    Samuel                                   S         17                        Asst. silk printer                                 West Ham

    Apparently Edward’s wife, Sarah, had died by this time, as Charlotte was acting as his housekeeper.

    In 1861, Edward was living with his son Edward (registered as Lerpinera), at Cottage Terrace, West Ham.  He was described as a widower, and a plumber’s labourer, the same occupation as his son.

    Edward Lerpiniere

    Edward Lerpiniere married Eleanor Sarah Jordan in the December quarter of 1848 in the Stepney district (celebrants were Ellen Jordan and Edward Serpiniere) and died in 1899.  She died, aged 86, in the December quarter of 1912 in the West Ham district.  Their children were:
  • Edmund, born in the December quarter of 1850 in the West Ham district, married Henrietta Simmonds in the June quarter of 1871, and died in the December quarter of 1897 in the same district.
  • Samuel Frederick, born in the March quarter of 1852 in the district of Poplar, married Harriett Stevens in the December quarter of 1872 in the West Ham district,
  • Eleanor, born in 1853 and died of croup in the December quarter of 1855 in the West Ham district,
  • William Thomas, born in the March quarter of 1858 in the West Ham district, married Hannah Walker in the December quarter of 1880 in the same district, and died from violent shock and scalds in 1884 in the Whitechapel district, an inquest being held on 29th March.
  • Maria Sarah, born in the September quarter of 1859 in the West Ham district, who married Ernest Edward Sims in  the March quarter of 1883 in the same district,
  • John Henry, born in 1862, married Emily Letitia Giles in 1884, and died in 1926.  In 1906 John, aged 43, left England in the ship Umbria, arriving at Ellis Island, America on 23rd December.  His wife Emily, aged 42, and children John Henry, aged 18 and Winifred Doris, aged 3, arrived a year later on 3rd November 1907 on the Lucania.  Son John Henry must have returned to England, as he was re-registered at Ellis Island on 30th November 1911, aged 22, arriving on the St Louis.  In the 1910 US Census, John Henry Lerpiniere was living in Washoe County.  Before 1920 the family must have moved on to Australia, where their descendants now live.
  • Horace Walter, born in the December quarter of 1863 in the West Ham district, who married Ann Sleap in the December quarter of 1889 in the Hackney district, and died in 1938,
  • George, born in the December quarter of 1864 in the West Ham district, who married Emily Scruby in the December quarter of 1889 in the same district, and died in 1946,
  • James, born in the December quarter of 1866 in the district of West Ham,
  • Mary Eleanor, born in 1868 and died unmarried in 1919,
  • Charles Edward, born in the December quarter of 1870 in the West Ham district, and died in the June quarter of 1871 in the same district, and
  • Alfred John, born in the September quarter of 1872 in the West Ham district, married Charlotte Pearce in the December quarter of 1890 in the same district, and died in 1918.
    In the 1861 Census the family lived in Cottage Terrace, West Ham {registered as Lerpinera).  Edward's father lived with them :
    Edward Lerpinera                        H              M              35
    Eleanor                                         W             M              34
    William                                          S              --               13
    Edward                                          S              --               10
    Samuel                                          S               --                 9
    Maria S                                         D              --                 1
    Edward                                         F              W              53

    In the 1871 Census the family are listed :
    Edward Lerpiniere                       H            M               44
    Eleanor                                         W            M               44
    Edmund                                         S             U                20
    Samuel                                           S             U                19
    William                                          S             --                 13
    Maria                                             D             --                11
    John                                               S             --                  9
    Horace                                           S             --                  7
    George                                           S             --                  5
    James                                             S             --                  4
    Eleanor                                          D             --                  3
    Charles                                          S             --                   1

    Charles Lerpiniere

     Charles Lerpiniere was a copperplate printer, and married Rebecca Hine in the December quarter of 1850 in the district of Lambeth.  Her father was John Hine, a gardener, and their children were :
  • Rebecca, born in the December quarter of 1851 in the West Ham district and died in the June quarter of 1852 in the same district,
  • Charles John, born in the December quarter of 1853 in the West Ham district and married in the September quarter of 1879 in the Bethnal Green district to either Hannah Pratt or Sarah Ellen Thurston, and who died in the June quarter of 1896 in the Strand district, aged 45,
  • Charlotte Alice, born in the December quarter of 1855 in the West Ham district, who married David Hunt in the March quarter of 1882 in the Wandsworth district,
  • Emily Knightley, born in 1857, and died in the September quarter of 1857 in the West Ham district,
  • Alice Rebecca, born in the June quarter of 1859 in the West Ham district, and married in the June quarter of 1885 in the district of Croydon, to either William May or Frederick William R Oosterveen,
  • Arthur, born in December 1863 and died in 1939, who married Ellen Grevatt on 8th December 1888 at Chertsey.  Their children were :
  • Charles, born on 4th May 1890,
  • Thomas.  His son was Thomas Arthur Roy, who married Hilda Violet Rose Clark.  Their children were :
  • possibly Roger, born on 11th June 1950, and
  • Jacqueline, born on 7th October 1952 at Walton-on-Thames, Surrey, who married Barry John Keyes on 18th November 1972, and then Robin Mitchell Crorie on 25th June 1983 at Guildford.
  • Winifred.
  • Herbert, born in the June quarter of 1867 in the Wandsworth district, who married Rose Ann Darby in the December quarter of 1893 in the same district, and died in 1944, and
  • James Ross, born in the March quarter of 1873 at Streatham, London.
    Charles Lerpiniere died in 1888, aged 59, in Wandsworth.

    Samuel Lerpiniere

    Samuel Lerpiniere arrived in Botany Bay on 22nd November 1856, on board the ship “Edward Oliver” as a Bounty immigrant.  He was aged 22, a carpenter by trade from Essex, belonged to the Church of England, and could both read and write.

    The Lerpinieres in Australia

    Daniel Lerpiniere

    Daniel Lerpiniere, son of Edward Tertius, arrived in Australia on 20th July 1832, as a member of the crew of the ship “Caroline”, Captain Smith, which had returned to  Hobart from a 14-month whaling expedition to the Solomon’s Archipelago and New Zealand waters, carrying 1150 barrels, or 100 imperial tons, of sperm oil.  How Daniel came to join the ship is a mystery, as the “Caroline” was built in Bengal Province, converted to a whaler in Hobart, and never visited England.

    Sarah Ann Lerpiniere

    Sarah Ann Lerpiniere, youngest daughter of Edward Tertius, emigrated from London to Tasmania in 1832, when she was only 17 years old.  She arrived in Hobart on the ship “Princess Royal” on 6th September 1832, having a lucky escape when the ship grounded on Iron Pot Island, at the mouth of the Derwent River.  The ship supposedly carried 300 free women settlers on board, but the surviving passenger list contains 201 names.  Many of the women, in their late teens and twenties, were from the London Female Penitentiary at Pentonville, the Guardian Asylum, the National Guardian Servant’s Institution, or the Workhouse.  However, Sarah was referred to as “respectable and steady”.  Sarah married Ralph Welsh on 1st June 1836, in the parish church in the County of Buckingham, Hobart and they had a son, John, born on 12th December 1839 (baptised on 3rd January 1841), and a daughter, Mary Ann, born  on 10th May 1843, at which time they were living in Elizabeth Street, Hobart.  Sarah died on 9th April 1849, aged 32, at her sister’s residence, the Commercial Inn in Collins Street, and an inquest was held.  Ralph Welsh was a convict from Glasgow and originally from County Down, Ireland.  He evidently left Tasmania and went to the Victorian goldfields and died in Victoria in 1854, aged 60.  Mary Welsh married a man named White and died in Victoria in 1868, aged 24.

    Charlotte Lerpiniere

     Charlotte Lerpiniere, the daughter of Edward Tertius, emigrated as a “bounty” migrant to Hobart Town Tasmania on the “Apolline” on 1st October 1842, she was then 30 years of age.  The ship was possibly quarantined on arrival because of an outbreak of smallpox, because her sister Sarah wrote to the authorities asking for Charlotte to be allowed ashore.  On 2nd June 1846 she married Peter Maclean Ross (born about 1803 at Tain, Ross-shire, Scotland to Peter Maclean Ross and Mary Maclean), at Cascade on Norfolk Island.

Peter MacLean Ross of this Parish and Island and
Charlotte Lerpeniere (sic) of this Parish and Island
were married in this Church by Banns
this second day of June in the year 1846
        by me John L Ison, Chaplain
(both parties signed their names)
In the presence of M Walker of Cascade
        and C Welsh

    Peter Ross was the owner/skipper of a full rigged barque the “Mary Ann”, in which he had traded around the east coast of Australia for many years supplying the convict settlements with food.  He was later instructed to proceed to Norfolk Island, acting under the auspices of Lord John Russell, Colonial Secretary in London at that time, to assist in the closing down of the Penal Settlement.  They then settled in Hobart where Ross became a hotel-keeper.  Their children were:
  • James Lerpiniere, born on 12th August 1847 at Salt Water River, Tasmania, and died in Melbourne on 14th December 1875,
  • Allan Maclean, born at Hobart on 11th July 1849. His father’s occupation and address were listed as “licenced victualler, Collins Street”.  He died unmarried at Mordialloc, Melbourne on 25th February 1915 at the age of 65,
  • Peter Maclean, born at Hobart on 4th June 1851.  His father was then a Publican in Collins Street.  This Peter Ross witnessed Edward Williamson’s marriage. He died at Armadale, Melbourne, on 2nd July 1889 at the age of 38.
  • William, born at Emerald Hill, Victoria, on 2nd November 1854, and died in Victoria on 14th May 1887, aged 32.
    In 1853 the Ross family moved from Hobart to Melbourne, where they built the Hit or Miss Hotel on the corner of Clarendon and York Streets, Emerald Hill, which opened on 29th December 1853.  The hotel business would have been profitable because of the multitudes living in tents and shanties along the south bank of the Yarra and in the surrounding area, for whom the hotel would have been a popular meeting place.  The hotel was probably named after a similarly styled hotel in Sydney, well known in colonial days.

    A sealed bottle was found in the foundations of the Hit or Miss Hotel, when it was demolished in about 1941.  The vellum original, hand written by Peter Maclean Ross is in the archives of the South Melbourne Council Offices :

    “Emerald Hill 1 Jan 1855

    “By the grace of God in whom we place our trust and confidence in the hope of a blessed resurrection.

    “I Peter McLean Ross a native of Tain in the County of Rossshire Scotland, having been master and owner of a vessel called the “Mary Ann” in which barque I have traded to Williamstown and other parts of the Australian colonies for fifteen years but having been offered an appointment under the British Governor at Norfolk Island under the auspices of Lord John Russell, and when the separation of that island from Sidney took place I was removed to Tasmania from which colony I planted my standard 26th Sept anno domini 1853.

    “The first house on Emerald Hill was erected by me, a hotel for the public where order and sobriety have always been strictly attended to.

    “The foundation stone of this building adjoining the above premises situated in York St was laid on the first January anno domini 1855 by Adam Gibbs.

    “The following constituted the members of my family :

Charlotte Ross, my wife born in Essex
James Ross    born 12 August 1847
Allan McLean Ross    born 11 July 1849
Peter McLean Ross    born 4 June 1851
William McLean Ross    born Oct 1854

                     Tenants in common

Architect                    William Smith                Scotland
Undertaker                 John Darlington             Dublin
Mason                        Thomas Smith               Dublin
Bricklayer                   Edward Darnley            Dublin
Carpenters & Joiners  William Warden            Glasgow
                                   Duncan McPherson      Glasgow
James Duggan             Supplier of Materials

    “Enclosed in this urn are the coins of Victoria and a nugget of Australian gold from Bendigo.  2 newspapers, The Argus and the Morning Herald.

    Vivat Regina”

    The foundation of the Municipality of South Melbourne dates back to May 26th 1855 when, after an agitation for severance from the City of Melbourne, the Emerald Hill district availed itself of the privilege of local self-government, under Captain Clark’s Municipal Act, and was proclaimed “The Municipal District of Emerald Hill”.  The district was enlarged in 1857 by the inclusion of a piece of land which formed the northern part of Macarthur Ward in the City of Melbourne.  On February 26th 1872, the town of Emerald Hill was proclaimed.  The progress of the town was so rapid that in 1882 it was declared the city of Emerald Hill, the name being subsequently changed to the City of South Melbourne on September 24th in the following year.

    The city of Melbourne was originally of much larger area than at present, extending from Brunswick on the north side to St Kilda on the south side, and from Punt Road, Richmond, to Footscray.  The city was divided into four Wards, the portion now known as South Melbourne being in the Lonsdale Ward.  When land was sold and the township formed in 1853, houses sprang up with great rapidity, and improvements in sanitation and road construction were demanded.  The requests of the people were ignored by the City Fathers, who were concentrating their efforts in improving the central portions of the city.  After repeated appeals and meetings, the “Hillites”, as they were then called, resolved upon an expedient, which proved successful.  A council of war was called in the Iron Store, and scouts were placed at different points on the Sandridge Road to watch for the City Rate Collector.  When his arrival was heralded, a messenger was immediately despatched to the Fire Brigade Station where the fire-bell was rung as a warning to the people not to pay rates.

    On 28th June 1855 a statutory meeting was held in the Great Iron Store, Cecil Street, Mr John O’Shannassy being deputed by His Excellency the Governor to act as Chairman.  James Hugh Russell questioned the legality of the meeting, but was overruled by the Chairman.  It was resolved to form a Council of seven for the Municipal District of Emerald Hill.  The election for this was fixed for the following day at the same place.

There were fifteen candidates, of whom the following were elected :
Albert Hancock                    349 votes
Peter McLean Ross              267
Charles Chessell                   263
Henry South Gardner            244
James Service                       242
Robert Sterling Anderson      228
John O’Brien                        225
the lowest candidate received 12 votes.

    All went off quietly and without confusion, is the press comment.  Among the 2647 votes recorded, only 24 were by females.  Mr Boyle, in speaking at the meeting in May, had stated that there were 1,149 rateable houses at Emerald Hill.

    Emerald Hill was fortunate in its choice of the first councillors, of whom Messrs James Service and J S Anderson distinguished themselves not only in local government but in the political sphere.  Messrs H S Gardner, Charles Chessell, Captain Hancock and P M Ross used their experience and ability as business men for municipal welfare.  Mr J O’Brien did not remain long on the Council.

    On 6 July the Argus, in a lengthy and advisory leader on “The New Municipalities” stated :

    “It is highly creditable to the inhabitants of Emerald Hill that they have been first to avail themselves of the boon of self-government offered by the Legislature under the Surveyor-General’s Act to the inhabitants of the province, and their persevering and judicious proceedings throughout are, if possible, still more creditable to the Community.”

    The deliberations of the new Council were reported in the local paper in great detail.  One matter before the Council concerned the compensation to be paid to the widow of a Council employee in charge of the boom-gates at a railway level crossing who had lost his life after being run over by the St Kilda train.  Councillor Ross, while deeply deploring the incident, thought the Council should vote the sum of £5 to the widow.  It was suggested that £10 would be more suitable.  Councillor  Ross was reported as having shown great indignation at so large a sum to be paid, and said that if this were agreed to there would be no end to the amounts claimed for future tragic incidents.  £5 was agreed and voted upon.

    On the back page of this same newspaper there were a few miscellaneous advertisements, including one for “Money Lent, apply to P Maclean Ross, Hit or Miss Hotel.”

    During this period Charlotte would certainly have written, and possibly sent money, to her family back in England.  In 1857 her brother William called his new-born son Allan Ross Lerpiniere, and the name Ross was carried by several generations of Lerpinieres.  In the early 1850’s Charlotte’s niece also emigrated to Victoria, probably at Charlotte’s instigation.  The younger Charlotte Lerpiniere was probably attracted by the contrast between descriptions of a good life in the colony, and the prospect of spinsterhood housekeeping for her father in England.

    Peter Ross died on 18th March 1862 at the age of 59, of “insanity, followed by typhoid fever”, having been ill for 18 months.  His will mentioned a number of properties which he had owned, the rents of which were to provide for his widow and children.  Charlotte Ross lived on for the next 30 years bringing up her four boys and presumably running the Hotel.  She was noted in the district for every Friday morning going to the South Melbourne Market and taking a sugar bag of provisions to one or other of the many poor families that she knew in the district.

    Charlotte Lerpiniere’s sons, Edward and Harry Williamson, were possibly cared for by their great-aunt Charlotte Ross following the death of their mother in 1873, and the younger Peter Maclean Ross was a witness at Edward’s wedding in 1883.  Edward Williamson’s address at the time of his marriage, 48 York Street, Emerald Hill, was also the address of William Ross when he married Mary Ann Steet in 1882.

    Charlotte Ross lived to the age of 83, dying at St Leonard’s Road, Ascot Vale, Melbourne, on 26th July 1895 at the home of her daughter-in-law, Mary Ann Ross.  The house still stands.  The family are all buried in the New Melbourne Cemetery.  The double grave was in use from 1862 to 1895, and a total of 9 people are buried there, Peter Maclean Ross, his widow Charlotte, sons James, Peter and William, and some infant children of either James or Peter.

    James Lerpiniere Ross

    In 1874 James Lerpiniere Ross was the licensee of the family hotel, sometimes called the National Hotel.  On 4th July 1873 James married Eliza Porta, born in Birmingham in 1851, and their children were :
  • Edward Lertertius Lerpiniere, born on 12th August 1874 and died on 11th September of the same year at Emerald Hill, and
  • Charlotte Ada Lerpiniere, born on 9th July 1875.  She married Andrew Anderson of Norway in 1895.
    James died on 14th December 1875 at his hotel, at the age of 28 of phthisis pulmonalis.  His widow Eliza married Edward Portington Goodworth (born 23rd July 1843 in Hatfield, Yorkshire) in Melbourne about 1880.  He died before October 1883.

    Peter Maclean Ross

    Peter Maclean Ross married London-born Eleanor Rudd on 26th November 1873, and they had at least eight children, before Peter died at Armadale, Melbourne, on 2nd July 1889 at the age of 38.  Following his death Eleanor married Alfred Manfield.
  • Eleanor Maude, born on 2nd November 1874, married William Howard Farrow on 15th September 1909, and died on 23rd March 1950,
  • Peter, born and died on 25th August 1876,
  • Ada Lillian, born on 28th September 1877,
  • Ernest Richard, born on 5th December 1880,
  • Edith Rose Georgina, born on 8th September 1881, and died at Double Bay, NSW, on 3rd October 1932,
  • Louise Lillian, born on 22nd January 1883, married George Henry Smith on 19th July 1910, and died on 1st November 1972,
  • Maud Victoria, born on 23rd November 1885, and died on 24th July 1890,
  • Hilda Lurline, born on 8th October 1888, and died on 4th April 1889.
    Ernest Richard (Ern) left home in his youth and travelled to the goldfields of Kalgoorlie and Boulder in Western Australia.  Here he met his first wife, Amelia Henrietta (Kitty) Kearns, a South Australian, whom he married in Perth on 21st May 1908.  Two daughters were born to them before Kitty received serious injuries when struck by a car in Subiaco and died on 29th April 1914 :
  • Marcia Maclean Ross, born on 31st July 1909, and
  • Enid Viola Ross, born on 23rd November 1910.
    Ern was a commercial traveller, and had to find a home for his children while he travelled. The girls stayed with their aunt Eleanor Farrow in Victoria for some time before returning to Western Australia.  There Ern married Edith Mary McDonald on 29th March 1918, before moving to South Australia in search of work.  It is probable that Edward Williamson was able to help the family establish themselves in their new home.

    Ernest worked for the Neptune Oil Company and then the Texas Oil Company.  Early in 1922 he travelled by ship from Port Adelaide to Port Lincoln to pioneer the Company’s oil and petrol products across the whole of the Eyre Peninsula.  On 2nd May his manager and other staff met him at Port Adelaide on his return, watched him and his motorcycle and sidecar off-loaded, and then travelled close by in a car as he headed for his home.  Halfway to Adelaide his motorcycle was jammed between a timber jinker and another car.  His leg was broken and he died in hospital that night.

    Edith Ross asked Edward Williamson to organise the funeral arrangements.  She contacted Ern’s mother in Victoria by telegram to inform her of the death and funeral details.  She received only a telegram telling her to buy a wreath for £1.  Edward advised Edith to spend no more than 10/-, because it was a lot of money.  Reimbursement was never sent to Edith, and Edward said sadly that he was not surprised.  It was later found that Eleanor Manfield’s husband had died within days of Ernest.  Edward Williamson kept in touch with Eleanor Manfield at least until 1924, when Marcia Ross wrote to him asking for her grandmother’s address.  Eleanor died on 24th March 1926, at South Yarra, aged 75.

    The Advertiser of Wednesday 3rd May 1922 reported – “Fatal Cycle Accident – Mr E Ross, who was taken to the Adelaide Hospital on Monday night suffering from injuries caused by being jammed between a lorry and a motor car while riding a motor cycle, died at an early hour on Tuesday morning.”

    An inquest was held to investigate the fatality, and was reported in the Advertiser.
Monday 8th May 1922  –  “The Death of Ernest Ross – The circumstances of the death of Ernest Richard Ross, which occurred in the Adelaide Hospital as the result of a collision on May1, were investigated by the city coroner (Dr Ramsay Smith) on Saturday morning in the Adelaide Police Court, No 2.
Thomas Bryden Younger, manager of the Texas Oil Co., identified the body.  Ross was 42 years of age, and resided at Musgrave Street, Goodwood.  He was employed by the witness’ firm as a country traveller.  He always used a motor cycle, and was a careful driver.
Charles Pine, horse driver, of Rosetta Street, Rosewater, said he was driving four horses attached to an empty trolly along the Port Adelaide road from Adelaide on the afternoon of May 1.  Between the Police Barracks and the Squatter’s Arms Hotel he noticed a motor car coming towards the city, and it eased up to pass a trolly coming in the same direction.  A man on a motor cycle was coming the same way also.  The latter passed the witness’ trolly, and as he did so he felt a slight vibration.  The back of the motor car was just about level with the rear of the trolly, and the motor cycle was in between the two vehicles.  After he felt the vibration he noticed the rider of the cycle was still in his seat.  He did not know anything had happened or that the man was hit until he saw two men come from the motor car and go over to him.
Edward Longstaff, motor proprietor, of 286 Gilbert Street, Adelaide, deposed that he was driving a motor car along the Port Road on the date in question.  He eased up when near the Squatter’s Arms Hotel to pass a trolly proceeding towards the city.  He did not observe Ross riding behind him, nor did he hear any warning.  The first intimation he had of anything unusual happening was when he heard some men calling out “Stop!”  He then noticed Ross standing apparently alongside his motor cycle.  He was injured, and the witness took him to the Adelaide Hospital.  He thought there was a space of two or three feet between his car and the trolly coming from Adelaide.
The inquest at this stage was adjourned to a date to be fixed.”
Friday 12th May 1922  -  “Accidental Death – Further evidence was taken by the City Coroner (Dr Ramsay Smith) on Thursday regarding the death of Ernest Richard Ross, commercial traveller, of Goodwood, which occurred at the Adelaide Hospital on May 2 as the result of injuries sustained on the Port Road on the previous day through being crushed between two trollies while he was riding a motor cycle.
Dr Gartrell said he was acting superintendant of the Adelaide Hospital on May 1.  About 3 pm Dr Nihill informed him that the case had been brought in.  As the patient was in a serious condition, Dr Nihill said he had rung up the honorary physician, Dr Newland, who had told him to carry on and get an anaesthetist.  Understanding that Dr Nihill had Dr Newland’s permission and direction, and that Dr Smeaton was in the theatre, the witness asked Dr Nihill to carry out Dr Newland’s instructions.  The witness saw the patient with Dr Newland about 7 pm.  He was suffering from shock, about which several factors had to be considered – the nature of the injury, the exposure in conveying the patient to the hospital, the loss of blood, and also the anaesthetic and operation.  They thought if Ross recovered from the shock he had a chance, but his recovery seemed doubtful.  The witness saw the patient several times after that, and he was gradually sinking.
Dr Nihill said at least an hour passed between the time of admission and the time Ross was taken to the operating theatre.
The Coroner – What was the difficulty in attending to him straight away?
The Witness – I was trying to avoid giving him an anaesthetic if possible.  One would not give an anaesthetic to a man who was so badly knocked about as this man if it could be avoided.  We wanted to stop the bleeding and save the limb.
The Coroner recorded a verdict of accidental death.”

    Many years later, Marcia Ross could still remember the smell of Williamson’s biscuits, and remembered how good they tasted when, as a school student, after visits to the Adelaide City Baths, she would buy one of the delicious smelling and tasting biscuits which were “about the size of a saucer, even though square in shape, and about half an inch thick.”

    William Ross

    William Ross married Mary Ann Steet of Ballarat in 1882.  By this time the Hit or Miss Hotel had been bought by the Steet family, and was now called “Steet’s Hotel”.  Their children were:
  • Elsie May, born at Emerald Hill in 1883, who married Arthur Perry.  Their children were :
  • Arthur Alan, who married Ellen Eileen Annie Hastings on 10th March 1934, and had one son, Douglas Alan, born on 13th July 1945.
  • Lorna May, who married William Thomas Wilson on 9th April 1938, and had one son, Neil Douglas,
  • Douglas George, born on 4th May 1917, who was executed by the Japanese on Ambon Island, Indonesia, on 15th February 1942, and
  • Margaret Marion, who married Stewart Seaton Ritchie on 20th June 1959, and had one daughter, Jennifer Catherine.
  • William Lerpiniere, born at Melbourne in 1885, and
  • Harold Steet, born at Ascot Vale in 1887.
    On 14th May 1887 William Ross was killed, being “accidentally run over by a tram car, dying on the way to hospital” at the age of 32.  An inquest was held two days later by the Coroner, B Youl.  William’s occupation was given as “law clerk”.  On the evening that William was killed, his wife was waiting anxiously at home with her three small children.  When William did not arrive at the normal time, she harnessed up their jinker, placed the children under a warm rug in the back, and drove to her mother-in-law’s house in South Melbourne, asking “Where’s my Will?”  Allan Ross took his horse and went looking for William.  He found him in the Melbourne General Hospital, dead.

    Charlotte Lerpiniere

    Charlotte Lerpiniere emigrated to Victoria, where she met and lived with Easby Williamson, as described in Chapter 2.  She sailed from Southampton as an assisted immigrant on the ship “Elizabeth” on 14th April 1853, arriving in Melbourne on 18th July. She was described in the ship’s Passenger List as a domestic servant from Middlesex, aged 24, Church of England, who could both read and write.  Under the heading “By whom engaged” was the note “Gone with her Aunt (Mrs Ross)”.  A notice in the Melbourne Argus of 26th July 1853 highlights the difficulty of exact planning in an age of poor communication and variable schedules :
“Should this meet the eye of Mr Ross, or John or Benjamin Benton, Charlotte Lerpiniere is waiting at the Emigration Depot, in Melbourne, to see them.”

    It seems that the two Bentons mentioned above were related to Charlotte (possibly cousins).  Their father, Benjamin Benton had maried Elizabeth Laybank, possibly the sister of Maria. (See outline at the end of this chapter.)  As Peter Ross and family apparently moved from Hobart to Melbourne only in September 1853, Charlotte would have had to wait two months before being reunited with her aunt.

    The Goadby Family

    Samuel Goadby, a citizen of London and a brassfounder by trade, married Margaret Wright on 23rd November 1704, at St Olave, Hart Street.  Their children were :
  • John,
  • Margaret, christened on 21st March 1707 at St Margaret’s Lothbury,
  • Robert,
  • Elias, christened on 26th June 1711 at St Margaret’s Lothbury,
  • unknown, a citizen of London,
  • Samuel, and
  • Johanna.
    John Goadby married Margaret, and their children were :
  • Elias, a currier and citizen of London, who married Mary and had at least six children :
  • Polly (Mary), who died young,
  • unknown, who died young (possibly Robert, christened on 11th June 1767),
  • unknown, who died young,
  • Margaret, christened on 9th August 1772,
  • unknown, who died young, and
  • Ann, christened on 15th June 1780.
  • Margaret, who married John Goadfrey, a merchant of St Mary Axe, London.
    Robert Goadby married and had at least one child, Robert, who died young.  Details of Robert Goadby’s life are given in Nichols Biographical Directory :
“GOADBY (Robert) printer, bookseller and publisher in Bath, Wade’s Passage, 1740-5; Yeovil 1748-9; Sherborne 1749-78;  1740-1778.

    “A well known printer, bookseller and publisher in the west of England.  Born in 1721 and educated at Repton School, Co. Derby, to the masters of which he afterwards dedicated his translation of Cervantes.  His knowledge was considerable, and he was well versed in several languages.  He appears to have set up as a bookseller, first at Bath in Wade’s Passage, from which he published in 1741 two humorous novels entitled Scipio and Bergansa and Rinconete and Cortadillo.  Translated from the Spanish of Cervantes, which went through at least three editions.  In 1745 he gave up his business in Bath, sold his entire stock and went to the Hague.  He returned to England in 1748 and once more took up the trade of a printer and bookseller, in Yeovil.  There he began to issue a weekly newspaper called The Western Flying Post or Yeovil Mercury, and amongst other things he printed and sold a theological work in 1748 with the title Mercy and Truth, of which a copy is in the Bodleian Library  [See Rev L Southcomb’s Christian peculiar character 1752].  In 1749 he moved his presses to Sherborne and united his paper with Bettinson’s Sherborne Mercury, under the joint title of The Western Flying Post or Sherborne and Yeovil Mercury, the first number of which appeared on January 20th 1749.  He was the conductor of several miscellaneous publications which he sold cheaply in the West of England.

    “Robert Goadby died on August 12th 1778 aged 57 and was buried at Oborne, a village near Sherborne.  By his will he left a bequest of 40s a year to the vicars of Sherborne for an annual sermon on May Day [on the beauties of nature].”  [Nichols III 723-4].

    The book “Sherborne Observed” by Gerald Pitman contains more details :
    “Robert Goadby, printer and publisher, had his printing house somewhere in Long Street, Sherborne.  Over the door was the inscription :-


    Perhaps, one day, we will learn the whereabouts of the Sherborne Printing House.

    At Oborne, near Sherborne, a headstone and railings marked the grave of Robert Goadby.  It lay on the south side of the fence of the Churchyard.  In 1977 a diseased elm growing beside the headstone was cut down.  Sadly the stone and its five feet high railings were cleared away with the tree.  The headstone bore the following inscription :

1778 AGE 57

    Death is a path that must be trod
    If man would ever come to God
    The fir tree aspires to the sky
    And is clothed with everlasting verdure
    Emblem of the good, and of that everlasting life
    Which God will bestow on them
    Since death is the gate to life
    The grave should be crowned with flowers

    Here also lies Rachel his wife
    Who died March 30th 1798

    Originally a fir tree had been planted on the grave.”

    In 1744 Robert Goadby arrived in Yeovil and set up a hand press in premises on the corner of Grope Lane (Wine Street) and High Street in the marketplace.  The first issue of The Western Flying Post, or Yeovil Mercury, was Monday 30th July 1744, and it was in direct competition with The Sherborne Mercury, which had been in existence for seven years.  However in 1746 its founder died, and shortly after his widow sold the Sherborne paper to Goadby, who promptly amalgamated the two as The Western Flying Post, or Sherborne and Yeovil Mercury, on Monday 30th January 1749, at the same time moving over to Sherborne.

    Robert Goadby’s will has survived :
    “By this my last will and testament written with my own hand this 17th day of March in the year of our Lord One Thousand Seven Hundred and Seventy Eight all other Wills being annulled and revoked I Robert Goadby of Sherborne in the County of Dorset Printer do dispose of my Worldly Effects in manner following.  In the first part I make my beloved wife Rachel sole Executrix of this my Will.  I give and bequeath unto her subject to the payment of my just debts, funeral expenses and such legacies as I shall hereby appoint to be paid by her all that I die possessed of, of whatever denomination excepting what I have otherwise given and bequeathed by this my Will.  I give and bequeath to my Niece Joannah £600 to be paid to her by my said wife in such manner as my brother shall approve of.   I give and bequeath to my Niece by marriage Sarah ........ Douglas to be paid by my said wife £700 in consideration of the great part of her life she has devoted to the assiduous care of her Aunt and Myself.  I give and bequeath unto my brother Samuel Goadby and to my Nephew Samuel Lerpiniere for their joint lives and the life of the survivor of them  subject to the payments hereafter mentioned all my Printing Office in Sherborne with the appurtenances thereto belonging and all the implements of trade the property of the Sherborne Mercury all my store of Books in Quires or Sheets and all my copies of Books wherein I have a sole right or joint share and the stampt papers for the quires which may be in hand at the time of my decease out of the profits of which I will and owe to be paid to my wife during her life an annuity of £25 per annum.  The sum of £200 to my Nephew Daniel Lerpiniere and £600 to be paid in trust to Samuel Lerpiniere for the benefit of child or children of his brother Edward Lerpiniere with liberty to apply what part he may think prudent for the benefit of his said brother Edward.

    “I give and bequeath to every Relative any sum or sums any of them may be indebted to me at my decease.  I give and bequeath to my nephew Samuel Lerpiniere £10 yearly to be paid out of the profits of the Printing Office in trust for my nephew Elias Goadby to be paid to him for life at such time and in such manner as the said Samuel Lerpiniere shall think will be most to his advantage.  The intent and meaning of this my Will is that the aforesaid Samuel Goadby and Samuel Lerpiniere shall have full liberty to dispose of for their advantage all the stock of Books I devise to them but shall have no power to dispose of the Printing Office nor the property of the Sherborne Mercury nor the copies of the Books for their private advantage but the survivor either by himself or his Executors shall dispose of them and the money arising therefrom be equally divided among the heirs of my Brother and my Nephews and Nieces or their heirs that shall then be living.
Robert Goadby March 17 1778

    “By this codicil to my will made April 13 1778 I give and bequeath to my niece Joannah Lee all my share in the Hotel at Weymouth.  I give and bequeath to my wife one half of the real profits arising from the business at Sherborne.  The first year after my decease I give and bequeath to my old friend Mr Owen and Mr Meacham five guineas each to buy rings.  To my Niece by Marriage Katharine Douglas twenty Guineas.  To Mr Samuel Braund of Middlesex £10.  To Mr John Tait of ........... five guineas.  To my servant John Cox £10 and to my Servant Elizabeth Middleton £5.  These legacies to be paid by my Executors.  Robert Goadby 
    “We the underwritten do testify that the above mentioned Robert Goadby declared to us that the whole contents written on this paper were of his own handwriting ...... to the said declaration.  Aug 7 1778

    “A second codicil to the will of Robert Goadby of Sherborne in the County of Dorset, Printer, and which bears date the 10th of March in the year of our Lord 1778 and was signed on the 17th of said month of March in the same year and in which Will there is a Codicil dated April the 7th of the said year all and every part of the Will and Codicil are written in the handwriting of the said Robert Goadby.  Whereas in my Will I had given and bequeathed to my Brother Samuel Goadby and my Nephew Samuel Lerpiniere my printing office with all Appurtenances and Implements thereunto belonging for their joint lives with Liberty for the Survivor of them or his Executors to dispose of the same for the Comfit and Advantage of the heirs of my Brother and my Nephews and Nieces or those as shall then be living my intent and meaning extends only to such of them as are lawfully begotten and born in Wedlock and whereas by my said Will I have bequeathed to my Nephew Daniel (?) Lerpiniere the sum of £200 by this codicil I give and bequeath to him the said Daniel (?) £100 to be paid to him the said Daniel (?) by my Brother Samuel Goadby and my Nephew Samuel Lerpiniere out of the profits arising from the printing Office which by Will I have devised unto them And by this Codicil I give and bequeath to my Niece Margaret Klotz the sum of £200 to be paid to her by my Brother Samuel Goadby and my Nephew Samuel Lerpiniere out of the profits arising from the printing Office which I have devised unto them by my Will.  I likewise give and bequeath to my Nephew Samuel Lerpiniere the yearly sum of £5 in trust for my Nephew Elias Goadby subject to the same Restriction as the sum of £10 left by my Will to the said Elias Goadby.  I likewise give and bequeath to John Bettinson, Benjamin Dodge and Israel Watts all of whom are now employed in my Printing Office the sum of £10 to each of them provided that they continue faithfully to discharge their duty in the said Printing Office for the space of twelve calendar months after my decease if they are so required.  I likewise give to every apprentice who may be in my Service at the time of my decease the sum of £5 each to be paid at the expiration of the term of each one of their apprenticeships on condition that each one faithfully discharges his duty to the full completion of his indenture.  I likewise give to all the News Men now employed in circulating the Sherborne Mercury the sum of Half a Guinea to each man provided they continue in the same employment after my decease if they are so required  and by this Codicil I give and bequeath to the Vicar and Churchwardens of the Town of Sherborne in the County of Dorset for the time being or to their successors for the time being the sum of £200 of the 3% Consolidated Annuities in the Bank of England transferable to them in Trust that they the said Vicar and Churchwardens or their successors for the time being do distribute annually to the poor of the said Town of Sherborne the sum of £4 and likewise that the Churchwardens do pay or cause to be paid the annual sum of £2 to the Vicar of the said Town of Sherborne in consideration of his preaching an Annual Sermon on the first Sunday in May after Evening Service in the Parish Church of Sherborne on the Wisdom and Goodness of God in the Works of Creation. “X”  the above is the mark of Robert Goadby.

    “We the underwritten do testify that Robert Goadby of Sherborne in the County of Dorset Printer did declare before us that the contents of this paper had been read to him and approved of by him but being unable through extreme weakness to write his name hereunto did in our presence make the above mark as his testimony to and approbation of its contents.  Witness August 7 1778 ...... Joseph Dodge.”

    “This Will was proved in London with two Codicils the 4th day of September in the year of our Lord 1778 before the Worshipful Francis Simpson Doctor of Laws and Surrogate of the right Worshipful Sir Horace Day Knight also Doctor of Laws Master Keeper or Commisary of the Prerogative Court of Canterbury lawfully constituted by the oath of Rachel Goadby widow the relict of the deceased and sole executrix named in the said Will to whom Administration was granted of all and singular the goods chattels and credits of the said deceased she having been first sworn duly to adminster.
3 September 1778

    “APPEARED PERSONALLY The Reverend Joseph Towers of the Parish of St Giles Cripplegate London Dissenting Minister and Cornelius Berry of the Parish of Christ Church In the County of Middlesex, Stationer who being sworn upon the Holy Evangelists to speak the truth deposed as follows to wit that they knew and were well acquainted with Robert Goadby late of Sherborne in the County of Dorset deceased for several years before and to the time of his death and during such aquaintenceship have frequently seen him write his name and they these deponents have now carefully viewed the paper writing hereunto annexed purporting to be the last Will and Testament and one Codicil of the said deceased the said Will beginning thus “By this My last Will and Testament written with my own hand” ending thus “or their heirs that shall then be living” and subscribed and dated thus “Robt Goadby Signed and Dated March 17 1778” and the said Codicil beginning thus “By this Codicil to my Will” ending thus “Those legacies to be paid by my Executors” and subscribed thus “Robt Goadby” Deposed that they verily believe the whole Contents of the said Will and Codicil and the Subscriptions thereto to be all of the proper handwriting and subscription of the said Robert Goadby deceased.  Joseph Towers
Corn. Berry.  Same date the said Joseph Towers and Cornelius Berry were duly sworn to the truth of the above Affidavit before me.  Fr Simpson  Surrogate to the Attorney”

    Johanna Goadby married William Lee, a dyer, on 6th January 1749, at St Anne and St Agnes, Aldersgate.  Their children were :
  • Johanna, baptised on 22nd December 1751 at St Giles, Cripplegate, who married William Gardiner, and had children James and Margaret.
  • Robert, who died young, and
  • William, christened on 15th August 1756 at St Giles, Cripplegate.

    The Cator Family

    John Cator (or Cater), an attorney of Symonds Inn, Great Bow, married Elizabeth, who was descended from the family of Bouchier (or Bourchier).  In 1461 Edward IV created Henry Bouchier Earl of Essex, but on the death of his successor the earldom became extinct, and in 1540 it was conferred on Thomas Cromwell.  John Cator, gentleman of St James, Westminster, was admitted as a solicitor by the Masters of the High Court of Chancery on 14th December 1730.  The family had property at Cassington, near Oxford.  John and Elizabeth had 12 children :
  • Elizabeth,
  • John, who also became an attorney at Symonds Inn.  He married Isabel French and they had five children, the first being Isabella, who died young.
  • Molly, who married William Cleaver and had two children, the first being William.  Her husband died, and she remarried, having a daughter, Charlotte.
  • Sarah (Sally), who married Rev Henry Latton.  He became the Rector of Woodhorn, near Morpeth in Northumberland, and they had five children :
  • unknown,
  • Sophia Ann, baptised on 8th September 1772 at Woodhorn,
  • Priscilla Elizabeth, christened on 23rd September 1774 at Woodhorn,
  • Elizabeth Priscilla, baptised on 4th October 1775 at Woodhorn, and
  • Hannah, christened on 31st January 1777 at Woodhorn.
  • Sophia Ann, who married the curate of Cassington, Rev James Hinckman, on 15th November 1771, and had three children,
  • Kitty, who married Rev John Willis at Kirtlington, Oxfordshire, in 1787 and had no children,
  • Charlotte, who married Edward Lerpiniere,
  • Henry (Harry), who married Catherine.  In 1783 Henry was an attorney at Great Driffield, York.  Their children were :
  • Harry,
  • Kitty,
  • unknown,
  • unknown,
  • Sophia Ann Francis, christened on 27th June 1786 at St Andrew’s, Holborn,
  • Charles Joseph, christened on 25th May 1789 at St Andrew’s, Holborn.
  • Thomas, who was also an attorney at Great Driffield, York,
  • William, who died young,
  • Fanny, who married Rev Wreford and had three children,
  • Charles William, an attorney at Castle Yard, Holborn.  He married Harriett and they had six children, all christened at St Andrew’s, Holborn :
  • Margaret Catherine, baptised on 3rd July 1778,
  • Ann Felix, baptised on 21st November 1779,
  • Charles Douglas, christened on 8th August 1781,
  • Edward John Francis, christened on 26th August 1784,
  • Frances Sophia, baptised on 5th August 1785, and
  • Sarah Harriett, baptised on 27th ? 1788.
    John Cator died on 3rd December 1769, probably in London, and his wife died at Cassington and was buried on 12th April 1776.

    The Lerpinieres of Châtelleraut

    Hilaire Lerpinière  -  Mayor of Châtellerault

    Born at Châtellerault 20 February 1787, died 18 April 1867.  Doctor of marines under the First Empire, he gave his discharge (?) on the return of the Bourbons in 1815, and established himself at Châtellerault.
    On 26 February 1848 Doctor Lerpinière was elected by the people of (to?) the provisional Commission charged with the administration of the town of Châtellerault, with Mr Aglophile-Fradin, lawyer, and Mr Mignon Audiger, ............, to whom were added Messrs Martinet and Adelson to assist in the dispatch of current affairs.  On 11 March 1848 Mr Lerpinière was named mayor of the town by Mr Chevreau, extraordinary commissioner of the Government, provisional Prefect of Vienne.  He was replaced on 18 December of the same year by Mr Eugène de la Massardière.
    In the coup d’etat of 1851, he received personal profits, and from that time on he never again occupied a political position.  He was also general councillor (?).

    Hilaire Lerpinière - obituary

    Our town has suffered a loss, which has been and which will be for a long time to come, felt by our citizens.
    Doctor Lerpinière has been taken suddenly from his family and his numerous friends.  He was eighty years old, but he had retained all his activity, all his energy, all his intelligence, and noone could have predicted a catastrophe so sudden.
    Mr Lerpinière had one of those rich, generous and sympathetic personalities which one rarely meets.  At 25 years old, he was already surgeon-major of the sixth ...... , and in 1813 he deserved and received the title of doctor.  Events decided him in 1815 to leave the service, and he decided at that time to make his residence at Châtellerault, his birthplace, to practice medicine.
    His training, the superiority of his spirit, his impartiality, the distinction of his manner, and the great interest which he devoted to all his patients, rich or poor, soon acquired for him a numerous practice, and his reputation as an effective and conscientious doctor never failed, since then, to grow and extend.
    This honourable citizen was not only a doctor without .......... ; his well-known loyalty, his ............ activity, his wide experience, gained him more than once the votes of his fellow-citizens.
    Called to the municipal council of Châtellerault and to the general council of Vienne, he remained a member of these two assemblies until 1852, at which time he resigned.  The minutes of the meetings of these two great ........... attest to the loss that they always felt of one of their most assiduous and distinguished members.
    Mayor of Châtellerault in 1848, he undertook his new functions with more firmness than moderation.
    We could say much more about this man of heart and head, of this excellent father of his family, of this friend so firm, so loyal and so devoted, but the layout of this paper imposes limits upon us.  We can only repeat (?) two words.
    We said in beginning that the death of Doctor Lerpinière was a great loss for his fellow-citizens, the immense crowd present at the funeral ceremony of this good man, from both the town and the neighbouring countryside, fully justifies our assertion.

    Gustave Gaudeau  -  benefactor of Châtellerault

    .................., born 31 March 1812, died 13 October 1879, he married on 21 November 1836 Delphine-Hermance Lerpinière (died childless 17 January 1897), daughter of Hilaire Lerpinière and Victoire Vézien.  Mr Gustave Gaudeau left in his will to the hospital of Châtellerault 25000 francs, and 6000 francs to the welfare bureau.  Mrs Charles Gaudeau (née Marteau) left a legacy of 6000 francs to the welfare bureau.

    Family History  -  The Lerpinière family

1.    Lerpinière (Jean Baptiste) born in 1754.  Procurer to the royal .......... of Châtellerault, died 7 March 1832, took as his wife on 30 May 1786, Renée Françoise Hérault daughter of François, doctor, and Jeanne Alix Rasseteau, who gave him :
1.    Hilaire, who ........ (see below)
2.    Françoise Aglaé, born 6 September 1789, died 29 March 1870, who married Jean Pierre Bottereau at Châtellerault on 21 August 1809.  Their children were :
1.    Françoise Augustine, born at Châtellerault 10 June 1810, married René Jacques Charpentier at Pleumartin on 6 January 1834.  They had three children :
1.    Aglaé Antoinette, born at Ormes on 17 November 1834, who married ........ 3 September 1855 Gregoire Aubert, professor of mathematics and officer of the Academy, who died on 16 March 1894, aged 68.  He was the son of Pierre Aubert and Marie Métadier.  They had four children :
1.    Etienne Eugène Henry
2.    René Eugène
3.    Marie Victorine
4.    Jeanne Antoinette
2.    Valentine Radégonde, born at Planty, baptised (?) 11 October 1838, married at Ormes 14 February 1860 to Alfred de Marau (?) ...... .  They had one child :
1.    Lucie
3.    René Raoul, born at Orme 24 October 1845, ............ at Elbeuf, single
2.    Marie, called Anna, born at Planty, baptised (?) 27 October 1813, who married at Pleumartin 15 July 1833 Justin Prouteaux, receiver of the ........... ; she died at Châtellerault on 28 February 1892, having had three children :
1.    George Pierre, born at Pleumartin 13 April 1835, surgeon of marines, died single at Châtellerault 16 August 1865
2.    René Albert, born at Pleumartin 15 January 1837, engineer of arts and manufactures, married 28 June 1869 at Châtellerault to marie Blanche Pingault, born at Toulon 27 June 1848, daughter of ........ Alexandre, chief of batallion, Chevalier of the Legion of Honour, and Gabrielle Laure Estachon.  He died at Châtellerault in February 1897.  Their children were:
1.    Marie Gabriel Georges
2.    David Pierre Georges
3.    Laure Marie Marguerite
4.    Paul
3.    Marie Alfred, born at Châtellerault 26 September 1845, receiver of the .............. , married at Châtellerault 26 November 1873 Blanche Marguerite Catineau, daughter of Pierre Henri, superior officer of artilley, and Louise Lucile Rubin.  They had one daughter :
1.    Marie Victorine Henriette, born 5 October 1872
3.    Victoire, born at Planty baptised (?) 24 December 1819, called Victorine, married at Pleumartin 1 June 1841 Joseph Prosper Olier, receiver of the ......... .  She died at Châtellerault 22 March 1889, childless.

2.    Lerpinière (Hilaire)  see above.  He married on 31 July 1815 Sylvine Victoire Vézien, daughter of Charles (the elder) and Louise Charlotte Adélaide Cardinault, born 20 December 1794, died 1 April 1864.  From this marriage were two daughters :
1.    Victoire Athalie, born 31 July 1816, married to Doctor Achille Aimé Poiret of Gilberderie (see that family), by whom she had two daughters :
1.    Athalie Aimée
2.    Hermance Louise Aimée
2.    Delphine Hermance, born 21 March 1818, married 21 November 1836  Gustave Gaudeau, ......... , born 31 March 1812, son of Charles and Rose Caroline Elisabeth Marteau

    The Benton Family

    Benjamin Benton

    Benjamin Benton was born about 1792 (in Tatham, Essex according to the 1861 Census, and Harlow, Essex according to the 1871 Census).  He married Elizabeth Laybank on 4 June 1818 at Plaistow, Essex.  Elizabeth died on 3 Sept 1847 at Plaistow.  Benjamin and Elizabeth had five children, all christened at All Saints Church West Ham, Essex:
  • Benjamin John, born on 6th April 1820 and baptised on 5th May,
  • James, born on 14th June 1822, and christened on 21st July,
  • William, born on 4th June 1824, and christened on 12th September,
  • John Laybank, born on 22nd April 1826 and baptised on 30 July, and
  • Elizabeth Martha, born on 30th April 1828.
    In the 1841 Census Benjamin and family lived at Black Lion Row, Plaistow, adjacent to Broadway :
    Benjamin Benton                                50                            Grocer
    Elizabeth                                              50                            Wife
    Benjamin                                              25                            Bank
    James                                                    20
    John                                                      15                            Carpenter
    Martha                                                  15
    Benjamin                                                2

    Note that ages were rounded to the nearest 5 years.  The youngest Benjamin was the grandson of the head of the household.

    After Elizabeth’s death, Benjamin Benton married Mary Rudge, from Deptford, Kent, on 22nd January 1850 at West Ham.  They had two children :
  • Abel Benjamin, born in 1854, and
  • Ebenezer Frederick, born in the September quarter of 1856.
    In the 1851 Census Benjamin and Mary were recorded  :   
Residence : 4 Vine St, West Ham, Essex
    Benjamin Benton                    H        M        58        House Proprietor                                    Tatham, ESX
    Mary                                        W        M        34        ---                                                              Deptford, KEN

    In the 1861 Census Benjamin and Mary had moved to 1 Vine Place West Ham, which is adjacent to Vicarage Lane, off Church St, close to All Saints Church :   
Residence : 1 Vine Place, West Ham, Essex
    Benjamin Benton                    H         M        68        Retired Grocer                                         Tatham, ESX
    Mary                                        W        M        45        ---                                                               Deptford, KEN
    Abel B                                      S          --          7        Scholar                                                      West Ham, ESX
    Ebenezer F                               S          --          4        Scholar                                                      West Ham, ESX

    In the 1871 Census the family was recorded :
Residence : 2 South St, West Ham, Essex
    Benjamin Benton                    H        M         79        Formerly Grocer                                      Harlow, ESX
    Mary                                        W       M         55        Carriage cushion maker                          Deptford, KEN
    Benjamin                                  S         --          17        Confectioner                                            West Ham, ESX
    Frederick                                  S         --          14        Painter and glazier                                   West Ham, ESX

    Benjamin Benton died at this address on 10th April 1877, and in the 1881 Census his widow still lived there :
Residence : 2 South St, West Ham, Essex
    Mary Benton                           H        W        64        Carriage lining maker                               Deptford, KEN
    Ebenezer F                                S         U        24        House painter and grainer                      Stratford, ESX
    Elizabeth Benton                 GDau      U        12        Scholar                                                      Poplar,     MSX

    Ebenezer Frederick Benton was married in the September quarter of 1882 in the district of West Ham, to either Beatrice Mylward or Sarah Hannah F Wood.

    Benjamin John Benton

    Benjamin John Benton married three times, firstly to Eleanor Bridget Morris Gwalter at St Dunstan’s, Stepney, London on 4th June 1838.  Their two children were :
  • Benjamin John, born in the June quarter of 1839 in the district of Stepney, and
  • James Gwalter, born in the December quarter of 1840 in the district of Stepney.
    Eleanor Benton died in the December quarter of 1840 in the Stepney district.  At the time of the 1841 Census Benjamin and his first son were living with his parents, but James does not appear to have been recorded.

    Benjamin married Charlotte Sharp at St Dunstan’s on 10th September 1846.  Charlotte was born about 1821 in Buckinghamshire, and her mother was a Rosanna Laybank (? a relation of Elizabeth and Maria Laybank), who married William Sharpe.  Benjamin and Charlotte had seven children between 1847 and 1861.  They emigrated to Victoria, where their last four children were born, in about 1852.
  • George Richard, born in the September quarter of 1847 in the district of Stepney,
  • Clara Amelia, born in the September quarter of 1849 in the district of Stepney,
  • Mary (Charlotte), born in the June quarter of 1852 in the district of Stepney,
  • John William, born in 1853 in Victoria,
  • Elizabeth Martha, born in Victoria in 1858, and her twin brother,
  • William, also born in 1858, and
  • Rosanna, born in Victoria on 1st June 1861.
In the 1851 Census, Benjamin John Benton and his family lived in Stepney :
Residence : 38 White Horse St, Stepney
    Benjamin John Benton            H        M        34        Corn and coal dealer                            Plaistow, ESX
                                                                                            (employing an additional 6 labourers)
    Charlotte                                   W        M        30        ---                                                            Buckingham
    James G                                      S         U         10        ---                                                            Stepney
    George R                                    S         --           3        ---                                                            Stepney
    C A (Clara)                                 D        --           1        ---                                                            Stepney
    A Reynolds                            Servt     U         17        Servant                                                  Sussex

The eldest son, Benjamin, was boarding at school at Potter Street, Harlow, Essex.

    Charlotte Benton died in 1877 in Victoria, and Benjamin then married Ann Drake in 1882.  They had no children and Benjamin Benton died in Victoria in 1914.

    James Benton

    In the 1851 Census James Benton must have taken over his father’s grocery shop, as he lived there with his sister and her husband :
Residence : Black Lion Row, Plaistow, Essex
    James Benton                            H        U         28        General Grocery Shop                         Plaistow, ESX
    Charlotte Martindale             Servt     U         15        House servant                                      Plaistow, ESX
    James Williams                          H       M         26        Carpenter journeyman                         Upminster, ESX
    Martha                                       W       M         22        ---                                                            Plaistow, ESX

    By 1861 James had left the grocer’s shop and become a house painter. He was aged 39 and married, but on census night was lodging at 5 Upton Row, Church Street, West Ham.  A James Benton was married in the September quarter of 1858 in the West Ham district, possibly to Sarah Ann Aylett.

    In the 1871 Census James, aged 47 and married, was a lodger at 10 Warmington St, West Ham.  His occupation was difficult to read, possibly hawker.  James Benton died, aged 52, in the September quarter of 1874 in the West Ham district.

    William Benton

    William Benton married Harriet Jane Lovett in the March quarter of 1862 in the Stepney district.  They had at least three children :
  • Emily Harriet, born in the March quarter of 1865 in the Poplar district,
  • Elizabeth Sophia, born in the March quarter of 1868 in the Poplar district, and
  • Louisa, born in the December quarter of 1872 in the Stepney district.
    In the 1841 Census William, aged 15, was apprenticed to George Harden, a cabinet maker, at China Row, West Ham.  In 1851 he was a journeyman joiner, lodging at Maidens Alley, West Ham.

    In the 1871 Census William and Harriet were recorded :
Residence : 154 St Leonards Rd, Bromley, London
    William Benton                        H        M        44        Ships’ joiner                                            Plaistow, ESX
    Harriett                                     W        M        40        ---                                                              Epping, ESX
    Emily                                          D        --           6        Scholar                                                     Poplar, MSX
    Elizabeth                                    D        --           3        Scholar                                                     Poplar, MSX

    William Benton died, aged 42, in the September quarter of 1871in the Poplar district.  Harriet remarried in the June quarter of 1877 to William Ambrose Golding. The 1881 Census records Harriett and William Golding at 30 Cornwall Rd, Lambeth, London. Living with them is Louisa Benton, recorded as "adopted".    Emily H Benton, aged 15, was a general servant in the household of Benjamin Preece, minister of the Cotton St Baptist Chapel, at 2 Agnes St, Limehouse.  Her sister Elizabeth was living with her grandmother, Mary, at 2 South St, West Ham.

    John Laybank Benton

    John Laybank Benton was apprenticed to carpenter John Hollywell Fisher, of Plaistow, Essex, on 9th June 1840 for the intial wage of one shilling per week.  He departed England for Adelaide on the ship Forfarshire, leaving on 12th April 1848.  Work was difficult to find in Adelaide, and a family story tells of his being reduced to pulling nails out of packing crates for work.  From Adelaide he moved to Victoria in search of gold, and in 1853 he was a signatory of the Bendigo Goldfields Petition, which sought redress for the miners’ grievances, and made a number of demands, including a reduced licence fee, improved law and order, the right to vote and the right to buy land.  The Government’s rejection of this petition led eventually to the Eureka uprising on 3rd December 1854.  John Laybank Benton married twice, firstly to Mary Stenner in Victoria in 1856.  Their children were :
  • John William, born in 1857,
  • Benjamin James, born in 1860, and
  • Frederick Laybank, born in 1862.
    Mary died in 1863, and John then married Sarah Clark in 1867.  They had no children.

    It was the brothers Benjamin John Benton and John Laybank Benton whom Charlotte Lerpiniere was trying to contact when she first arrived in Victoria in July 1853.

    Elizabeth Martha Benton

    Elizabeth Martha Benton married James Williams in the September quarter of 1850 in the West Ham district.  They had seven children, all born in the West Ham district :
  • Clara Elizabeth, born in the September quarter of 1851,
  • Henry James, born in the March quarter of 1853,
  • Martha Jane, born in the March quarter of 1855,
  • Emily, born in the September quarter of 1858,
  • Ellen Bridget, born in the March quarter of 1861, who died in the December quarter of the same year,
  • Charlotte Bridget , born in the March quarter of 1862, and
  • Rose Ada, born in the March quarter of 1864.
    In 1851 Elizabeth (called Martha) and James were living with her brother James Benton at the family grocer’s shop, Black Lion Row, Plaistow.  In 1861 they had their own house :
Residence : 8 Stephenson St, West Ham
    James Williams                        H        M        38        Carpenter                                                Upminster, ESX
    Elizabeth M                             W        M        34        ---                                                             West Ham, ESX
    Clara E                                       D        --           9        Scholar                                                    West Ham, ESX
    Henry                                        S         --           8        Scholar                                                    West Ham, ESX
    Martha J                                   D         --          4         Scholar                                                    West Ham, ESX
    Emily                                         D         --          2         ---                                                             West Ham, ESX
    Ellen B                                      D         --         7m       ---                                                             West Ham, ESX

    By 1871 they were living at 12 Junction St, West Ham :
Residence : 12 Junction St, West Ham
    James Williams                        H        M        47        Carpenter                                                Upminster, ESX
    Martha                                     W        M        42        ---                                                             West Ham, ESX
    Clara                                          D        --         19         Unemployed servant                            West Ham, ESX
    Henry                                        S         --         18         Factory labourer                                   West Ham, ESX
    Emily                                         D         --         12         ---                                                            West Ham, ESX
    Charlotte                                  D         --           9         ---                                                             West Ham, ESX
    Ada                                           D         --           7         ---                                                             West Ham, ESX
    Eliza Williams                       Sister     U         41         ---                                                             Upminster, ESX
    Henry Williams                 Nephew   U         15         ---                                                              Romford, ESX

    Martha Jane, aged 15, was was living at 35 George Row, Southwark, London working as a general servant for Thomas Potter, pawnbroker.

    James Williams died in the December quarter of 1880 in the West Ham district.  In the 1881 Census  Elizabeth and three of her children were recorded :
Residence : Elizabeth Cottage, Howe Rd, West Ham
    Elizabeth M Williams            H        W        52        ---                                                                Plaistow, ESX
    Clara E                                     D         U        29        Domestic servt unemployed                   Plaistow, ESX
    Henry                                      S          U        27        Fitters labourer                                          Plaistow, ESX
    Charlotte B                             D         U        18         Pupil teacher                                          Canning Town, ESX

    Charlotte Bridget Williams married Edward Tindale in the June quarter of 1884 in the Stepney district.  Edward was a schoolmaster, and they had three children before he died in 1893 :
  • Charlotte Mary A C, born in 1885,
  • Edward George, born in 1890, and
  • Dora Mary, born in 1893.
    Rose Ada Williams married Albert Gangl in the December quarter of 1888 in Kensington, London. They had one daughter, Martha Elizabeth, born in the June quarter of 1892 in the West Ham district.  Albert died, aged 27, in the September quarter of 1891 in the Hackney district, apparently before daughter Martha was born.

    In 1891 Henry and Clara were still unmarried, and both living at 60 Grange Rd, West Ham.  In 1901 they lived at the same address with their widowed sisters and their children :
Residence : 60 Grange Rd, West Ham
    Henry I Williams                    H        U        48        … Stoker …                                                Plaistow, ESX
    Clara E                                 Sister     U        49        ---                                                                  Plaistow, ESX
    Charlotte B Tindale           Sister    W        39        Schoolteacher                                         Canning Town, ESX
    Rose Ada Gangl                Sister    W        37        ---                                                              Canning Town, ESX
    Charlotte M A C Tindale  Neice     U        15        Pupil teacher                                               Plaistow, ESX
    Edward G Tindale            Nephew   U        10        ---                                                                  Plaistow, ESX
    Martha E Gangl                  Neice     --          9         ---                                                                  Plaistow, ESX
    Dora M Tindale                  Neice     --          8         ---                                                                  Plaistow, ESX

    The Laybanks

    A George Laybank died at Lambeth in the June quarter of 1842.  A Sarah Laybank died in the March quarter of 1845 at St Pancras.

    Only one family of Laybanks appears in the 1881 British Census :
Residence : 28 Eden Rd, Lambeth, Surrey
    Rebecca Laybank                    H        W        78        Annuitant                                                 London, MSX
    Helen Laybank                         D        U         42        Lady’s Maid (Domestic)                        Norwood, SUR
    Emma Laybank                         D        U         40        Nurse (Domestic)                                    Norwood, SUR
    Sarah Laybank                      Sister     U        35        Housekeeper (Domestic)                        London, MSX
    Mary Brown                         Lodger   U        71        Annuitant                                                  Clayton, SUS

    The following children of William and Rebecca Laybank were christened at the church of St Luke, West Norwood, London :
  • George, christened on 27th August 1837,
  • Helen, christened on 7th April 1839,
  • Emma, baptised on 13th September 1840, and
  • Lydia Jane, baptised on 19th March 1843.
    Rebecca Laybank died in the March quarter of 1891 in the district of Wandsworth, aged 87.  Helen Laybank was listed as the only Laybank, male or female, in the 1901 Census.  She was aged 62, and living in the Civil Parish of Singleton.

    In the March quarter of 1892, Emma Laybank married Sylvanus Casbourne in the district of Faversham, Kent.  In the 1881 Census Sylvanus was living with his first wife, also called Emma:
Residence : Woodland Rd, 10 St Johns Villa, Lambeth, Surrey
    Sylvanus Casbourne                H        M        58        Assistant at Crystal Palace                    Kintbury, BER
    Emma Casbourne                     W        M        55        ---                                                                Cirencester, GLO
    Sidney Casbourne                    S         U         24        Clerk, Somerset House                            Norwood, SUR
    Caroline Casbourne              Aunt      U         57        ---                                                                Kintbury, BER

    Emma Casbourne died in the March quarter of 1890 in the district of Lambeth, aged 65.  Sidney Casbourne died in the December quarter of 1892 in the district of Medway, aged 35.  In the 1901 Census, Sylvanus, aged 78, “living on own means”, and Emma, aged 60, were both living at Kintbury, Berkshire.


    A Susannah Lippener, daughter of Edward and Dorothy Lippener, was baptised at St Andrew’s, Holborn, on 26th October 1731.

    A John Baptist Lerpiniere of Stoke Ash in Suffolk married Susannah Esther Gilberne of St Anne’s, Westminster, at St Mary’s, Marylebone Road, on 11th February 1730.  Edward Lerpiniere, son of Samuel and Margaret, was baptised at St Botolph, Bishopsgate on 19th December 1742.

    A Charlotte Cater, daughter of John and Elizabeth, was christened at St Andrew’s, Holborn, on 9th April 1780, but I could not find any reference to her siblings.  A John Cater married Elizabeth Street on 23rd March 1760, at St Giles, Cripplegate, and the same or another John Cater married Elizabeth Datham on 21st October 1776, at St Matthews, Bethnal Green.

    A Violet Lerpiniere, daughter of Alfred John Lerpiniere and Violet (nee Pierce) was christened at Upton Cross on 14th May 1901, and married Frederick George Fisher at Stratford on 25th December 1926.

    An Edith Catherine Lerpiniere died in Adelaide on 25th April 1973, aged 82.  She was possibly the wife (nee Quinn) of Walter Ross Lerpiniere and the mother of Alan George Lerpiniere.

    A Harry Lerpiniere enlisted in the 1st AIF at Casula, NSW.  He was born in London, and his next of kin was his mother, Emily Lerpiniere.  His Service Number was 10290.

    A Leonard George Marshall (born 12th September 1929), his wife Jeanette (nee Lerpiniere, born 27th April 1939), and their children, Louise (born 28th April 1962) and Susan (born 18th July 1963), travelled on the ship Aurelia to Australia under the Assisted Migration Scheme, departing the UK on 15th March 1965.