Finding the Muxlows
My mother’s maiden name was Muxlow, but I knew very
little about her family, as we seldom visited them. Her parents
were both long dead before I became interested in tracing their past,
and the only clue which I had was a faded newspaper cutting from a
Sheffield daily paper of Saturday 6th May 1911, containing the obituary
of George Muxlow, my great-great-grandfather. The story noted
that George had been born in the Lincolnshire village of Welbourn in
1821, which gave me a starting point.
Between November 1988 and June 1990 I spent nearly
six months in England, assisting with the construction and testing of a
large computer-based control system for the Electricity Trust of South Australia.
Lincolnshire was just too far away to achieve any serious research in a
weekend, and we were so busy that I could not take any time off until
the final few weeks of my last visit, in 1990. A three-day Bank
Holiday weekend at the end of May provided a good excuse for a quick
trip north, and by passing through Leicester I could see the old home
of the Grays and Adams at Newtown Linford (see Chapter 5), and then
travel on to Welbourn. I found the Welbourn Church on a sunny
Sunday 27th May, and was searching the graveyard for old Muxlow
headstones just as the service ended and the Rector came out. We
talked briefly, but he could not remember any graves in his parish, and
suggested that I look at the neighbouring village of Leadenham.
There I would find a few Mucklows (a variant of the name) buried, and
he suggested that I seek out an Honor Green, nee Mucklow, who was the
last of the family in the area. Unfortunately he did not know her
address, so I had to leave without contacting her.
The church at Welbourn, St Chad’s, was large and
solid, with an unusual spire dating from the 12/13th Century. The
rest of the church was built in the 14th Century, when the wool trade
produced a great deal of wealth for the district. The peal of
bells in the spire came from another church whose tower had collapsed,
and were reputed to be those which had inspired Tennyson’s poem “In
Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky,
The flying cloud, the frosty light:
The year is dying in the night;
Ring out, wild bells, and let him die.
Ring out the old, ring in the new,
Ring, happy bells, across the snow:
The year is going, let him go;
Ring out the false, ring in the true.
The village of Welbourn was distinguished only as
the birthplace of Sir William Robertson, Chief of the Imperial General
Staff between December 1915 and February 1918. I found few traces
of old houses and the surrounding fields are flat and featureless.
Half the churchyard in Leadenham had been fenced
off, and was reverting to a wild state (or according to one story, is
left untended because there are plague victims buried there, whose
graves should not be disturbed for fear of infection). There were
many Mucklow graves there, which I photographed and recorded. The
earliest, half-obliterated, dated to the late 1700’s, and in the newer
part of the yard were more recent stones of this century.
However, I could not connect any of these people to George Muxlow of
The following Sunday I returned to Leadenham, after
vainly trying to find a Mrs Green in the telephone book. On
arriving at the village, I enquired at the post office cum village
shop, and was sent on several false trails before I was finally given
the right directions. Honor Green did not live in Leadenham, but
near Lincoln, and she and her husband Keith only visited the village on
weekends, to stay in her grandfather’s old house, which she had
converted into a very comfortable weekend retreat. She was quite
surprised to meet a distant relative from the other side of the world,
but invited me in and made me very welcome. We spent several
hours discussing Mucklow family history, then and over dinner at their
home in Lincoln on the next two nights. They had done a
considerable amount of research on the family, and we determined that I
was definitely a distant relation. They gave me a great deal of
information which will be mentioned later.
During the day I spent time in the Lincolnshire
Archives, in the great castle on the summit of the steep hill which
dominates the city. Here I was able to call for the original
Parish Registers for the County, containing all the entries of births,
deaths and marriages back to the 1740’s. Beyond that time the
Registers were either missing or impossible to read. The data
from the 1851 Census was also valuable, as this occurred just before
George Muxlow left Welbourn to try to improve his fortune in
Sheffield. Coupled with the data from Mrs Green, this information
has enabled me to trace our branch of the Muxlow family with certainty
back to the early 1700’s.
Honor Green had details of a Mucklow family living
in Areley Hall in Worcestershire between the 1400’s and the early
1700’s, and she was trying to trace a link between this family and the
Lincolnshire Mucklows, through a younger son who fought for King
Charles at Newark in the Civil War. The Mucklow families in
Lincolnshire are mainly concentrated in a group of villages east of
Newark, and her theory was that this Cavalier decided to settle down in
the area after the war, and was the founder of this branch of the
family. I have since heard that Honor has confirmed this link,
and is now petitioning for the right to display the Mucklow coat of
Another source of information has been a Robert
Muxlow of Seattle, Washington, USA, who wrote to me in early 1992, and
who has compiled a book and chart describing and connecting almost all
the Muxlows in the USA and Canada. We have corresponded, and he
has also met Honor Green. I believe that his chart is incorrect in the very
place where my family connected to it, and I am unsure of the accuracy
of the rest, but it is a monumental piece of work. Again we are distantly related, as, it seems, are almost all the
Muxlows in the world. I tried to connect all the Muxlows named in
the Mormon genealogical lists, and with some inspired guessing, based
on common family names and linking nearby villages, I could piece
together some lengthy family trees, but could never go far enough back
to find a common ancestor.
The Mucklow/Muxlow name
There are several theories on the origin of the name
“Mucklow” and its variants. In 1979 Mr Gordon Joseph Mucklow
presented his theory, based on conversations he had with family members
in Warwickshire and Worcestershire, in the following paper:
“The family of MUCK (pronounced Mook) were Venetian
merchants in the 13th Century. These Venetian merchants travelled
all over the world with pack horses. (Marco Polo reached China
during this century.) The Mucks travelled throughout Europe, and
eventually to the Low Countries. In the 14th Century they were
established in Holland at Antwerp.
“In the 15th Century they were established in London
as merchants (probably belonging to the Merchant Adventurers chartered
by Henry IV) and branched into the Midlands in Worcestershire (probably
belonging to the rival Bristol Adventurers). Known by now as the
“Mucks of the Low Countries”, the name became shortened to MUCKLOWE.
“One William Mucklowe in 1511 is recorded as selling
Worcester cloth at Flemish Fairs in Bergen-op-Zoom and Antwerp.
While there he bought satins and damask, Mediterranean goods, groceries
including sugar, pepper and spices, treacle and ginger, pins, needles,
feathers and spectacles. These he shipped to London, spreading
them amongst six ships for safety. He was Bailiff of Worcester
from 1499 to 1517. During this time he supplied goods and
groceries to the Bishop of Worcester and the Throckmorton family at
Coughton Court, Alcester.
[Large-scale cloth manufacture came to dominate
Worcester’s economy during the 15th century, with the Dolday/Newport
Street suburb becoming the centre of the industry, and with the
establishment of the Worcester Clothier’s Company, or Guild, which
retained close links with the Blackfriars. By the 16th century, half
the employed population worked in Worcester’s clothing industry as
spinners, weavers, dyers, fullers and carders, and documents record
famous clothiers like William Mucklow selling high quality Worcester
cloth to merchants from Brussels and Antwerp.]
“Latin, French and English were freely spoken
languages in England, and the printing industry was in its
infancy. In this early part of the 16th Century very few could
read and write. The Mucklows were fortunate, always bending with
the wind of change.
“In 1565 one Joseph Mucklow is recorded as having
paid his rates (probably the Poor Rate) in the Parish of
Alcester. The family was now spreading, but by now the movement
of families was restricted by law. Members of the family resided
in both Halesowen and Alcester, both towns in the County of
Worcester. Between these two towns lay the Forest of Arden,
extending to Evesham in the south. Oak was needed for building
ships and barges, for England was becoming a sea-faring nation, and
Bristol an important trading port. Ships could reach Gloucester,
so the Mucklows transported timber using teams of horses. The
Shire Horse now symbolised the fortunes of the Mucklows, and their
timber was used in house-building, ship-building and later for the
railways. In the 19th Century one branch of the family emigrated
to the Americas, taking with them a team of horses.
“In the 20th Century there are still Mucklows as
merchants, grocers, builders and transporters, and there are still
Mucks in Austria and Venice.”
Robert Muxlow has found that between the years 1557
and 1854 there were 43 marriages in the Parish of Halesowen (near
Birmingham) involving Mucklows, and he has information of a Carlos
Mucklow of Buenos Aires, whose ancestors used to raise horses in
Another interesting possibility for the derivation
of the name comes from the village of Kirby Muxloe, west of
Leicester. According to some experts, this name can be identified
as Danish, while the Oxford Dictionary of English Place Names states
that “Muxloe is a modification of Muckeless”, which may mean “keeper of
the manure”. One book defines “Mucklow” as “dweller by the
pig-lake”, and another lists “Mucklow from Mucklagh, a location near
The Mucklows of Areley Hall
Areley Hall is situated near the village of Areley
Kings, in the Severn Valley north-west of Worcester. The house
was in the possession of the Mucklow family from 1529 to the 1670’s,
and of their descendants from then onward. Family papers in the
house trace the Mucklows back to the 13th Century, and the following
history is taken from a paper on the “Family Records from the Areley
Hall Collection” by Olive M Lloyd, written in 1941, with additions from
Robert Muxlow’s research in [brackets].
“This paper deals with the records of the families
of Mucklow and Zachary which are contained in the Collection of papers
and documents belonging to the present owner of Areley Hall, Mrs
Zachary Lloyd, widow of the late Sir Francis Zachary Lloyd, who died in
1920. This Collection was examined in 1885 by a representative of
the Historical Manuscripts Commission and some of the more generally
interesting of the letters were printed in their Report of that
date. A further investigation was undertaken in 1918 by Mr I H
Jeayes, sometime Assistant Keeper of MSS. at the British Museum.
The result of his work is a descriptive catalogue (in typewritten form)
of 327 of the charters and family deeds ranging in date from about 1234
“A copy of this catalogue is in the Birmingham
Reference Library (catalogue number 413441) and the documents to which
it refers (except three which were retained by Mrs Zachary Lloyd and
two which were missing) were deposited on loan at the Birmingham
Reference Library in 1939. Photostats of all the documents were
made in the Birmingham Reference Library. A set of the photostats
of all the documents deposited was sent to Mrs Lloyd. There are
also at Areley a large number of documents of which there are no
photostats of various dates from the 16th to the 18th Century.
“The first member of the family of whom we have any
certain knowledge is the William Mucklow, who in 1529 purchased the
manor of Martley which included that of Areley Kings. Where the
family originally came from is uncertain, but it would seem that they
were connected with Halesowen, where the name frequently occurs in
court rolls and parochial records from the end of the 13th Century, and
in other evidences.
“Although the date and place of William’s birth are
unknown, it is clear that as early as 1488 he was established as a
mercer in the city of Worcester, and had begun to buy land. This
is proved by a bond of that date from William d’Abitot of Red Marley in
which he ensures William Mucklow of Worcester, mercer, in the
possession of three holdings described as “mese placies” one of which
was in Alfrick. Seven years later in 1495 he began to build up an
estate in Kempsey, and there are nearly 100 documents showing the
history of the various plots acquired by him there. This estate
is later referred to under the name of Howdens, owing to the fact that
its nucleus was a holding granted in 1320 to Adam de Howdene, the
“William’s residence in Worcester was undoubtedly in
the parish of St. Helen’s. In a document dated 1502 there is
mention of the building of a new house on the “forestrete” of an
existing tenement “goodly, beautifully and substantially to butt on the
High Street”. Birdport is mentioned as the western boundary of
this property which must therefore have been on the west side of High
Street just north of the present Guildhall, and the fact that the title
deeds passed into Mucklow’s possession seems to point to this being the
site of the house which he himself occupied, though this cannot be
taken as certain.
“In 1499 he became Bailiff of Worcester for the
first time, an office which he again held in 1504 and 1517. Early
in the 16th Century he acquired more land in Whitbourne, co. Hereford,
and considerable estates in Suckley, Alfrick, Wichenford, and
Lulsley. A little later he bought from Sir Thomas Leeke the manor
of Crowneast, with other lands in St. John’s parish, and also some
lands in Mathon, but it was only during the last year of his life that
he purchased from Thomas West, Lord de la Warr, the important manor of
Martley, which included Areley Kings. The purchase price was 1800
marks or £1200 and the yearly value is stated at £42.
“From this it will be seen that, by the time of his
death, William Mucklow had become a considerable landowner; and by his
two marriages he had allied himself with two important county
families. His first wife, by whom he had a family of three sons,
was Jane, the daughter of Sir Thomas Ryce by his wife Margaret, who was
the daughter and heiress of John d’Abitot of Croome d’Abitot. In
1524 he took as his second wife Marjorie, daughter of Sir Edward Acroft
of Croft Castle. It is however in his character as a merchant and
citizen of Worcester that the chief interest of this founder of the
family fortune centres, though it is tantalising that the records are
“A trading account for the year 1511 shows that he
was at that time carrying on a considerable trade with the Low
Countries. The two markets mentioned in the account were held at
Barro in Brabant about Easter and in Antwerp at the end of June.
The goods he sold were English Cloth described as Whites, Long and
Short, 351 ½ packages of which appear to have been sold for £2007, an
average of nearly £6 each. There are full details of the quantity
sold to each customer and the price. In return, his purchases
were very various, including damask, satin, sarcenet, velvet, sugar,
treacle, green ginger, leather goods, brown paper, brushes, silk
girdles and swan feathers. There are details of how the
consignments were shipped. We have no evidence that William
himself visited the Low Countries, though it is probable he did so, and
there is a letter from him to his son Richard addressed to him in
Antwerp where he was presumably residing for a time in connection with
his father’s business.
“Some insight into the manner of living of a
merchant of the period is afforded by the detailed inventory of
William’s goods and chattels made at the time of his death in 1529 [6th
April]. The house to which the inventory refers is undoubtedly
the house in Worcester which in his will dated the same year he left to
his wife Marjorie for so long as she remained sole and unmarried.
It consisted of a hall, a parlour and an inner parlour, buttery,
kitchen and seven bedrooms, a courtyard and stabling for at least four
horses. A shop is mentioned, but no merchandise and it seems
probable that he had by this time disposed of his business - probably
some of the proceeds had gone to the purchase of the Martley
estate. As is usually the case at that date, the furniture seems
very scanty in comparison with the plate and wearing apparel. The
total value of the furniture is only twice that of the “Apparel of His
Body” while the value of the plate is roughly twice that of the
furniture. The furniture of the hall and the parlour together
amount to less than £4, which is the value of a gown of black satin
furred with lamb; while his best gown is valued at £6 13s. 4d., and
even his riding coat of black velvet was worth £3 6s. 4d. The
bedroom furnishings are described in great detail, from the best
feather bed in the Great Chamber bequeathed to his wife, which with its
bolster and mattress was valued at 4s. One point of special
interest is the mention of a Chapel Chamber, in which were found a pair
of vestments of white fustian, a chalice of silver and gilt valued at
24s. and a little printed mass book.
“Some of William’s bequests are interesting.
After ordering that his body should be buried in Our Lady’s Church of
Worcester, he bequeaths to the high altar there 3s. 4d., and to the
Parish Church of St. Helen’s 20s. His poorer neighbours were to
benefit to the extent of 40 shirts and 40 smocks which were to be given
“where need is thought best”. Also 20 shares of iron to 20 poor
husbandmen. In addition 12 poor men were to have 12 gowns and
finally £5 was to be given to the mending of the highway “between this
“His eldest son Richard inherited the lordship of
Martley and the house at Howdens, in which we gather that he was
already living; the second son, Peter, being given Crowneast and all
lands in St. John’s parish.
“Richard Mucklow was a man of over forty at the time
of his father’s death. He had married in 1514 Katharine, daughter
of John Arden, Esquire of the Body to King Henry VII, a member of an
important Warwickshire family. During the years 1519 and 1520 he
had held the office of churchwarden at St. Helen’s Church, and the
Churchwardens’ Accounts for these years are preserved among the family
papers, and are printed in full in the volume of the Worcestershire
Historical Society for 1896.
“There are many documents relating to the period
between 1529 and Richard’s death in 1557, the majority being of a
legal nature and bearing on one or another of the quarrels which arose
between him and his neighbours, besides a long lawsuit between him and
his stepmother Margery arising out of the provisions of his father’s
“But these family troubles were not the most serious
of the difficulties into which Richard was plunged during these years,
as a happening which took place in 1530 involved him in a charge of
manslaughter. An accusation was brought against him that on May
22nd of that year he struck a certain Richard Gower with a dagger at
Diglis in the parish of St. John. Gower appears to have died instantly,
but the various documents relating to the affair give no information as
to the cause of the quarrel. Richard was arrested and tried
before the Bailiffs of Worcester and a jury of 14 persons. His
brother Peter, and Thomas Middlemore, mercer, of London, stood bail for
him, and on July 6th he made an agreement with his uncle, Simon Ryce,
and John Packington, placing Martley and most of his other estates in
their hands until they should be recompensed for the costs and
settlement of his trial. The case seems to have dragged on for
some time, but was finally settled by the payment of £100 by Richard to
Joanna, widow of the deceased.
“An interesting sidelight on the straitened
circumstances of his family during this time and the difficulties
encountered by his wife, is afforded by a letter from Katharine to her
To my well beloved bedfellow Richard this be delivered with speed at Mr Reisseis place in Soperis Lane.
Worshipful Bedfellow - Heartily I recommend me unto
you trusting to the Almighty that you are in good health which I
beseech God long to continue. At the scribing of this letter I
was in good health and all my children - certifying you that I am in
trouble with my lord (Bishop) of Hereford and also with my lord (Abbot)
“Then follows a detailed account of the heriots
which had been demanded by these two lords and her difficulties in
dealing with them, which she sums up as follows:-
Thus I am tossed from post to pillar and have no
thing to discharge it withall, but put you and me in great cost and
charge. Wherefore for the love of God send me some comfort in
this matter, how these heriots shall be discharged and that you send me
word how you do and that you may take some way that you may come home
.... So ever prosper you. Written the second day after St. Luke’s
day by your wife.
“Appended is a statement of the expenses to which
she had been put which includes servants’ wages - shoes and shirts for
her children and the two following items:- “Paid to master Chanslere of
my girdle which he had in pledge, 40s.; Paid to the Constable’s
wife for my wedding ring which she had in pledge, 30s.”
“Some ten years later Richard was again in trouble
with his neighbour, Richard Gorle of the parish of Kempsey, who accused
him of sundry acts of trespass and unfair dealing. There are six
documents bearing on this quarrel which came before the Court of the
Marches, sitting on one occasion at Wigmore and on another at
“All this seems to show that in his private capacity
Richard was a man of hasty and quarrelsome temper, but in spite of this
he appears to have been entrusted with some of the public duties which
fell upon the country gentlemen of that period. There is a vellum
roll of the estreat and taxation of a subsidy granted to the King in
1546 and collected by Richard Mucklow for the Hundreds of Oswaldeslow,
Pershore and Blakenhurst; and there is also a receipt dated 1548 from
Richard, Bishop of Lichfield and Coventry, President of the
Council of the Marches, for a sum of £315 5s. 0d. received from Richard
Mucklow for a County Levy.
“During a period of happenings of great importance
in Church and State, the only other reference to public affairs is
contained in a letter from Richard’s brother Peter to his nephew Simon,
from which it appears that he went to France in 1544 with the
expedition which resulted in the taking of Boulogne by Henry
VIII. Peter explains that he is commanded to wait upon the King,
and that he is forced to mortgage Crowneast to find the money necessary
for equipment and expenses for himself and two men.
“Richard died in 1557 [at Howdens] and was buried at
Martley. In his will he bequeaths 6s. 8d. for the reparation of
Martley Church, to which he also gives a silk cope. Among sundry
bequests to various members of his family, his daughter Anne seems to
have come off best. He bestows upon her “My house in Worcester
called the Bole with the appurtenances thereof, also the feather bed in
the Green Chamber, the covering of Arras work and bolster and pillow
with the testers and two coffers, my best pot and my best pan, two
heifers colour black being in calf, with three silver spoons and two
pairs of flaxen sheets.”
“The inventory of his goods and chattels made at the
time of his death does not compare very favourably with that of his
father - very little plate is mentioned, but on the other hand there is
a longish list of his livestock under the heading of “quick cattle”,
which includes not only horses and oxen but 6 ducks and a drake, 6
geese and a gander.
“Richard’s heir was his eldest son Simon, to whom
the letter from Peter Mucklow was addressed. At the date of this
letter, 1544, Simon was already married and living at Eardington near
Bridgnorth with his wife Alice, daughter of William Gatacre, a member
of the well-known Shropshire family of that name. Alice bore her
husband three sons, but she died at an early age and Simon twice
re-married. He continued to reside in Shropshire until his death
in 1572 [8th August, at Eardington] and he was buried at
Quatford. Having inherited Crowneast from his uncle, Peter, it
would appear that at the time of his death he was in possession of all
the Worcestershire estates owned by his father and grandfather, but the
inventory of his goods and chattels made at his death is surprisingly
brief and the total value is only £56.
[Simon’s three sisters, Margaret, wife of Edward
Reynolds, Lettice, wife of John Page, and Anne, wife of Richard
Holbroke, sued him for failing to carry out an agreement made by him
with his father Richard’s executors for the payment of marriage
portions to them out of rent of the manor, leased for £40 yearly to
Simon Rice of London, mercer.]
[The entry on the parish of Kempsey from the
Victoria County History of Worcestershire, Volume 1 (1913), states :
The estate called HOWDENS probably originated in two messuages and a
virgate of land at Broomhall in the manor of Kempsey granted by
William, Bishop of Worcester (1302-7), to his chamberlain Adam de
Howden, and confirmed to Adam by the prior and convent in 1313 and by
the king in 1320. A tenement called Howdens in Kempsey and
Broomhall seems to have been in the possession of Adam Moleyns, Dean of
Salisbury, in 1444. The capital messuage of Howdens afterwards
passed to the Mucklow family of Martley. Richard Mucklow died
seised of it in 1556, when it passed to his son Simon. He settled
it in 1570 upon his son John and upon Appollina wife of the
latter. John died in 1579, leaving a son Simon, a minor.]
“A number of documents date from the time of his
grandson, Simon, who inherited as a minor and came of age in
1592. It was probably in the same year that he married Thomasin,
daughter of Sir Stephen Boord of Boord Hill in the parish of Cuckfield,
Sussex. Her sister Elizabeth was married to Sir William Walsh of
Abberley from whom there is a letter to Simon dated in 1602 which is
worth quoting. A misunderstanding had evidently arisen between
the two men which was due apparently to a falling out between the two
sisters, their wives. Walsh refers to “the wrongs that my wife
hath cousened yours to have done against her,” which he supposes
“consisteth for the most part of words not savouring of true sisterly
affection.” But for his own part he declares: “You are my kinsman
in blood, my brother in marriage and we have vowed true friendship each
towards the other and therefore I must and ever will love you.
You shall know my love to be true and unfeigned by these two marks or
signs - the one that with a beck of your finger I will be easily drawn
to do any friendly or good office for you; and the other is, that all
your will, strength and policy, if it were bent against me, yet should
you not be able to draw from me an unbrotherly or unkind action for I
do hold it a marvellous shame for Brothers to be perfidious or
treacherous or unkind the one to the other.”
“This letter written from London is addressed to
Simon at Areley, and from this and on the further evidence of the
registers in Areley Kings Church, we believe that the Mucklows came
into residence there in 1594. The names of several of Simon’s
children occur therein under baptisms, the earliest being in 1595,
though his eldest son William was born in 1593.
“The evidence of the date of the building of Areley
Hall is slight and fragmentary, but in our opinion sufficient to
warrant a belief that the site on which it is built can be identified
with that of a fishery, which had been granted by Queen Maud to
Bordesley Abbey in 1136.
“Our claim to have traced the descent further is
based on documents relating to a purchase made by Simon Mucklow in
1594, when he bought from a certain Hugh Pooler and his son-in-law for
the sum of £850 their property in Areley and Dunley. The first
item in the indenture is described as “a messuage or tenement in which
Pooler now lives”, and among the deeds relating to the transaction is
one which shows that in 1547 Sir John Packington sold to Pooler for £64
“one messuage lying and being in Kings Areley near the manor of Martley
and parcel of the possessions of the late dissolved Monastery of
Bordesley”. Other lands sold to Simon by Pooler at the same time
are defined as lying between the Yearn Brook and the Gladder Brook and
between the Hollow Way and the river - which clearly identifies them
with the land adjoining the site of Areley Hall. Whether an
entirely new house was built by Simon on this ancient site can only be
surmised, the one fragment of evidence being a receipted bill dated
1605, endorsed “Glass for my house” which contains details of charges
for 437 feet of glass and 3000 nails to nail the same glass, summarised
as “the whole sum of the new work about your house”, the cost of which
was £10 3s. 9d.
“In any case we can undoubtedly picture Simon
well-established at Areley during the opening years of the reign of
James I, and administering from there the manor of Martley and his
other estates. A little light is thrown on the upbringing of his
six children in their Areley home by a letter dated November, 1610,
which tells of a young Oxford scholar who was chosen as their tutor,
but at this time William, the eldest of the family, had probably
completed his education, as he came of age in 1614. He seems to
have been immediately associated with his father in the management of
the estates, and gradually took full possession of them during his
“His marriage took place in 1622, the lady being
Frances Sacheverell, the illegitimate daughter of Henry Sacheverell of
Morley, co. Derby, where his family had been settled for five or six
generations. There are three oil paintings hanging in Areley
Hall, which certainly belong to this period, and we believe that two of
them are portraits of William Mucklow and his wife. The third,
which represents a man dressed in breast- and back-armour with a linen
collar, is probably William’s brother Thomas, of whose part in the
Civil War mention will shortly be made.
“A document of considerable interest to the local
historian is one dated in 1642, which gives full details of William
Mucklow’s lands in Areley, the fields being given by name with their
acreage and value. The acreage of strips held in the common
fields is also given, and reference is made to two new
enclosures. The final entry is “my coal mines in Areley Wood”,
and thereby hangs an interesting though somewhat sad tale. Some
twenty years previously, when Simon Mucklow was still living, an
agreement was entered into with a certain Thomas Paramore, which is
described at length in a complaint made by the latter to the Court of
the Marches of Wales.
“The Mucklows are said to have been “very earnest
and desirous that some trial should be made for getting of coals on
their land by reason of the general decay and scarcity of wood in that
county, and by reason of the situation of the same grounds lying near
to the river Severn, whereby the same coals might with small labour be
conveyed into diverse countries to the general good of the
Kingdom”. Being unwilling to undergo the charge and hazard of
sinking of pits for themselves for the bettering of their inheritance,
they had speech and conference with Paramore concerning the searching
and digging for to find the said supposed coal mines.
“In the agreement which resulted from this
conference the Mucklows undertook to contribute towards Paramore’s
charges and promised him that he should sustain no loss in the
matter. They also granted him free liberty of “ingresse, egresse
and regresse” for himself, his factors and labourers. In return
Paramore was to pay £40 a year rent for eleven years, and to deliver 40
tons of coal per annum at the place where they should be gotten.
“He goes on to speak of the great sum of money which
he had to lay out in sinking and digging of pits, in provision of
timber for propping and in making divers engines, as well as for
drawing the water out of the said pit; he also refers to the fact that
he kept working in the said coal mines forty or fifty persons. No
indication is given of the period of time over which this venture
extended, but sooner or later trouble arose. Paramore was unable
to deliver the goods, and Simon Mucklow evidently became impatient and
took high-handed action. The complaint made is that in Paramore’s
absence and when he was attending the King’s Majesty’s service at or
near London, Simon Mucklow entered the grounds where the coal pits were
made and discharged the workmen, refusing even to allow them to prop
the work to prevent the danger of falling in, and carrying away for his
own use all the coal which had been dug. Whether Paramore
obtained any redress for such apparently unfair treatment is unknown.
“There are still traces of old coal-workings to be
found in Areley Wood, where there is a considerable area of measures
belonging to the Carboniferous series, the extreme south-eastern corner
of what is known as the Wyre Forest Coalfield. About two hundred
years later the Zachary family spent money on prospecting, but made
nothing of it.
“Of this period is another document of considerable
interest to the economic historian, as it gives detailed information
about the household expenses of the Mucklow family. It is formed
of nine sheets of paper about 16 x 13 inches, folded lengthwise and
stitched together, forming sixteen pages written on both sides and a
cover; it records the amount laid out week by week for eighty-nine
consecutive weeks, starting in January, 1628. For the first nine
months the goods were bought at Bewdley, but in October, 1628, a
marginal note records the first market at Bristol, to which place all
the subsequent entries seem to refer. It is throughout in the
same handwriting and internal evidence shows that it was kept by
William’s wife, Frances, though the name of the market maid to whom the
money for the week was entrusted is given throughout.
“The amount laid out each week varies from 12s. 6d.
to 20s. Meat always formed the bulk of the week’s
purchases. Beef was usually at this time 2½d. per lb., and on a
rough calculation it would seem that the total weight of meat purchased
in an average week was at least 30 lbs. A pig at 12d. to 14d. was
often bought in addition, and hens at 8d., while an occasional rabbit
bought at Bristol cost 6d. or 10d. the couple. Fresh fish for 8d.
and herrings for 6d. were bought at Bewdley, especially in the spring
months, but there is no noticeable alteration in the meat supplies
during Lent. Potatoes are never mentioned, but entries for
cabbages, turnips and carrots frequently occur. About 12d. worth
of manchet bread - the best kind of white bread - was bought every
week, and during the Bristol period some 18d. worth of household bread
in addition. Butter was regularly bought, but sugar is only
rarely mentioned. Beer was apparently brewed at home at Areley,
but was also bought at Bristol at 6s. a barrel. Tobacco appears
in almost every week’s accounts but at varying prices - the better
quality at 20d. an ounce often having beside it the note “for my
master”, and it was presumably the men servants who smoked the cheaper
quality at 4d. an ounce.
“Amongst the papers dating from this period are
three letters written to William Mucklow by Thomas Habington of
Hindlip, concerning William’s pedigree and his manor of Martley.
The first of the letters is dated in October 1634, i.e. nearly twenty
years after the Gunpowder Plot. It will be remembered that
Habington was implicated in the Worcestershire ramifications of the
Plot; that in consequence he was forbidden to cross the County
boundary; and that he spent the remaining years of his long life in the
collection of materials for a History of Worcestershire. At the
date of his correspondence with Mucklow he must have been about
seventy-five years of age, but the letters give proof of the keen
interest which he was still taking in his antiquarian pursuits.
“The first letter is dated 12th October 1634, and is
addressed “To the Worshipful and my much esteemed friend Mr Mucklow at
Perusing advisedly your pedigree I fear I could not
finish it for want of books. Wherefore if you will have it
presently despatched I will return you your pedigree with my letter to
a skilful painter in London, who - working for the King - hath
continual recourse to the Heralds Office and can search every scruple
and these you may send up by any friend of yours. Otherwise if
you will defer it till my going up the next term, I think I shall more
carefully perform it.
I was much defeated in the Cathedral Church of
Worcester about the arms of your Kinsman, Sir Griffiths Ryce, for his
arms being all in brass were taken away and his Lady’s (who was my
wife’s great Aunt) left entire and so a fair monument foully abused and
I deceived of that which for your sake I most expected. Now
commending these to your election and desiring to be especially
recommended to your father, I rest ever
“Concerning this letter John Amphlett says:
“If Habington’s confinement to the limits of the County were
absolute, he could not even have thought of going to London.”
“It is disappointing that the documents give little
information about the part played by the Mucklow family in the Civil
War. It is stated that Prince Rupert is said to have spent a
night at Areley Hall in 1644 when on June 12th the Royalist army
advanced up the Severn from Worcester to Bewdley. Both these
towns were at that time garrisoned for the King and the usual route
between them was up the left bank of the Severn to Redstone Ferry about
a mile below Areley Hall, where the army would probably have crossed to
the right bank and followed the road which runs near the house.
Nash, in his History of Worcestershire says that William Mucklow is
said to have been a Major under Charles I and to have been wounded at
the Battle of Worcester. He then refers to a fine of £1000
imposed by the sequestrators in 1655. There is no certain
evidence of this, but in the Calendar of the Proceedings for the
Committee for Compounding occur the following entries:-
Wm. Mucklow, Areley Co. Worcester.
29 Nov. 1645. Compounds for delinquency.
Assisted the King against Parliament, being under the Command of
several of the King’s Garrisons. 20 Oct. 1646, Fine ... £360.
Thomas Mucklow, Areley Co. Worcester.
27 June 1646. Compounds on Articles of Newark
where he was Captain of a troop of horse for the King at its
surrender. 4 July, Fine £45.
“William Mucklow refers in his will to the great
losses and sufferings he endured in the Civil Wars and there is no
doubt that his participation in the conflict between King and
Parliament was the cause of a serious decline in the family
fortunes. The way in which the money was raised to pay the fine
of £360 can be followed in detail from the documents, and finally
William was forced to sell the whole of the Martley Lordship and manor,
excepting Areley and Dunley, for the sum of £2820. The purchaser
was Richard Slaney, citizen and merchant off London, who in 1670 sold
the manor of Martley to Thomas Foley of Witley.
“William lived on into the Restoration period, but
the return of the King did nothing to restore the fortunes of those
country gentlemen who had fought so loyally for his father, and
Mucklow’s will made in 1669 is somewhat sad reading. After
commending his soul into the hands of Almighty God he continues as
follows:- “Concerning my body when it shall leave this worldly
mansion, I desire it may be buried in the parish Church of Areley with
as little charge and trouble as may be. And for my goods and
personal estate which by my great losses and sufferings by the last
unhappy wars are now but of small value, I bequeath to my son William
Mucklow all my goods whatsoever in my house at Areley.” There
follow further bequests to his son and daughter, to the poor of the
parish of Areley, and to the poor of the parish of St. Helen’s in
Worcester. William’s heir and namesake joined the Society of
Friends and migrated to London, where he became a freeman of the City,
and was enrolled as a member of the Company of Fishmongers.
“For over a century Areley Hall was let to members
of the family of Crane, and apparently towards the end of that time it
fell into some disrepair. When in 1780 John Zachary, the grandson
of William’s daughter Elizabeth, came to Areley he built himself a new
residence in the Georgian style known as Areley House; but his nephew
Daniel Zachary made his home at the Hall when he inherited the Areley
estates early in the 19th Century. Daniel’s daughter and heiress
married Sampson Lloyd, and their son Sampson Zachary Lloyd inherited
the estate in 1870.”
The Journal of the House of Commons published in 1802 contained a entry referring to William Mucklow :
“Mucklow, William, 1648, his Fine accepted; Ordinance for pardoning his
Delinquency, read, and passed; Lords Concurrence to be desired, 29
From: ‘Index: K-Z’, Journal of the House of Commons: volume 5: 1646-1648 (1802), pp. 38-90. The details are :
“Resolved, &c. That this House doth accept of the Sum of Three
hundred and Threescore Pounds, for a Fine, for the Delinquency of Wm.
Mucklow, of Arley in the County of Worcester, Gentleman: His Offence,
That he adhered to the Forces raised against the Parliament: He
rendered in November 1645: His Estate, in Fee, in Possession, per
Annum, One hundred and Eighty Pounds: For which his Fine, at a Tenth,
is Three hundred and Threescore Pounds.
An Ordinance for granting a Pardon unto Wm. Mucklowe, of Arley in the
County of Worcester, Gentleman, for his Delinquency, and for taking off
the Sequestration of his Estate, was this Day read; and, upon the
Question, passed; and ordered to be sent to the Lords for their
From: ‘House of Commons Journal Volume 5: 29 August 1648’, Journal of
the House of Commons: volume 5: 1646-1648 (1802), pp. 689-92
The Pedigree of the Mucklowe and Zachary families
One of the documents given to me by Honor Green was
a large family tree of the Mucklowe and Zachary families of Areley
Hall, which is reproduced at the end of the Chapter. The document
is explained in the following terms:
the families of MUCKLOWE and ZACHARY
Lords of the
Manor of ARELEY
The pedigree of the Mucklowe family was registered
in the Herald’s College by Richard Mucklowe of Hodon, at the visitation
of Worcestershire, by Thomas Benolt, Clarencieux King of Arms, Anno
Dom. 1532; again by his son Simon, in 1569; by William Mucklowe of
Areley, esq. at the Visitation, 1634; and the continuation till they
became extinct, and a most exact and curious pedigree of the Zachary
family, by Mr John Zachary, S.S.A. Anno 1773, registered in Libr.
Howard, p 144; where the various descents, dates, &c. may be seen
more at large.
The arms of Mucklowe are Gyronny of six pieces, a
lion rampant, ermine, on a chief an eschallop between two fleurs
de lis Sable. Crest a griffin’s head per pale indented, gutte,
holding in its beak a fawn’s leg erased. At the Visitation in
1532, it is Gyronny of ten pieces, at that in 1569, eight, at that in
1634, which ought to be followed, only six.
The Mucklows of Lincolnshire
The Lincolnshire Archives contain a wealth of
information about the Mucklow family in the County, spread through the
various Parish Registers and other documents. I spent two days in
1990 transcribing as much data as I could, with the aim of making sense
of it at my leisure. The Mormon Records (International Genealogy
Institute) also contains many entries, mainly christenings and
marriages, which have been copied by church members from the original
records, with the aim of “post-baptising” these people into the Mormon
I will keep the raw data extracted from the Archives
and IGI Records separate from this book, as most of it has no direct
relevance to our immediate family. I have spent many hours trying
to fit as many of these names together in logical family trees, and
these fragments will also be kept separately. I have, however,
included at the end of the Chapter the tree constructed by Honor Green
to show her descent, and her distant relation-ship to us.
Lincolnshire is the second largest county in
England. It is generally flat, a considerable part being marshes
and fens but there are two ranges of hills, the Lincoln Edge, or
Heights, or Cliff, running from Grantham to Lincoln, and on again to
the Humber, and the Wolds, running from Spilsby to
Barton-on-Humber. A large part of the county to the south-east of
Lincoln is occupied by the Fens. The soil as a whole is rich, and
it is one of the first agricultural counties in England. It has
the largest bulb-growing industry in the U.K. A quantity of grain
is grown, the largest crop being barley, and cattle and sheep are
reared in large numbers, also a fine breed of horses. Leadenham
and Welbourn are both situated on the Lincoln Heights, and from the
front lawn of Honor Green’s cottage one can look west over the edge of
the hills to the flat land stretching beyond, with only the tall church
steeples to mark the villages every few miles. Along the ridge of
the Lincoln Heights runs the Ermine Way, an ancient British and Roman
road, which ran from London to Lincoln, York and Hadrian’s Wall in the
Honor Green has found a connection between the
Mucklows of Areley Hall and the Mucklows of Lincolnshire, who seemed to
appear after the Civil War, presumably from Thomas Mucklow, son
of Simon and brother of William, who was a Captain at Newark at
its surrender in 1646. Robert Muxlow also shows a connection
between the two lines, but he claims to connect the two via a different
Thomas, an uncle of the Captain.
According to him, we are descended from Thomas
Muxloe, second son of John Mucklowe of Areley Hall. Thomas lived
in Desford, Leicester (a couple of miles west of Kirby Muxloe), and had
eleven children. One of his sons was another Thomas Muxloe, who
was baptised on 2nd February 1616 in Desford. He married Margaret
in 1638, and had at least two sons, Joseph and Thomas. This
Thomas, in turn, had six children, Samuel, Joseph, Thomas, John, Anne
and Priscilla, with surnames variously spelled Mucklow, Mucklowe or
Another alternative is based on a letter from Thomas
Woodcock of the College of Arms to John Muxlow of Canada, in
conjunction with a chart drawn up for the 1663 Heralds Visitation in
Nottinghamshire, and certified by Thomas Mucklow of Broughton Sulney,
then aged 45 years. According to this, Thomas Mucklow, second son
of John Mucklowe and Apolyne Foliot, married Alice Nicholls, a niece of
Augustine Nicholls, Justice of the Council Pleas, about 1594.
Their son, also named Thomas, married Jane Wilson, daughter of William
Wilson of Curdworth in Warwickshire, about 1615(?). Thomas died
in 1631. This is the version which I am inclined to believe.
The children of Thomas and Jane, all christened at Desford, Leicestershire, were :
Agnes Mucloe, baptised on 6th June 1611,
Jane Muxloe, baptised on 3rd December 1612,
Thomas Muxloe, christened on 10th March 1613, who died in 1613,
Frances Muxloe, christened on 5th November 1615,
Thomas Muxloe, christened on 2nd February 1617, who died in 1683,
Elizabeth Muxloe, baptised on 10th May 1618,
Dorothy Muxlow, baptised on 13th January 1622,
Martha Muxlow, christened on 16th February 1623,
Wilson Muxlow, baptised on 25th March 1624, who died in 1624,
Farthinando Muxlow, baptised on 9th January 1626, and
Anne (Jane?) Muxlow, christened on 13th January 1627.
(Note : some of these children may belong to another Thomas Mucklowe of Desford.)
Thomas Mucklowe of Broughton Sulney in Nottinghamshire married
Margaret Parker, daughter of Robert Parker, formerly an alderman of
Nottingham, by licence on 5th or 6th November 1638 at St Mary’s,
Nottingham. Their children were :
John, born c1639,
Thomas, born c 1641,
Joseph, born c1644,
Samuel, born c 1647, and
Sarah, born c1649.
[A Thomas Muxlow, apothecary, of St Mary’s, Nottingham, married Mary
Harcourt of Plumtree, Nottinghamshire (born c1646), a descendant of the
4th Earl of Oxford, by licence on 1st June 1676. Their children
were Samuel, Joseph (this person would be too young to be the Joseph
who married Anne), Thomas, John, Anne and Priscilla. Thomas
served as Junior Chamberlain from 1671 to 1674, Chamberlain from 1674
to 1675, and was Sheriff of Nottingham from 1676 to 1677.]
Joseph Muxlow married Anne, and they had ten children between 1684 and
1701, before Joseph died in 1708.
Joseph and Anne’s children were:
Thomas Mucklowe, christened at Broughton Sulney in 1684, and died young,
Joseph Muxlow, christened in 1686 in East Markham
(west of Lincoln),
John Mucklowe, christened in 1688,
Samuel Mucklowe, christened in 1688 and died in the same year,
Thomas Mucklowe, christened in 1690, married in 1719 and died in 1726,
William Mucklowe, baptised in 1695,
Elizabeth Mucklowe, baptised in 1698. She married John Wright on 25th April 1721 at Broughton Sulney.
Anne Mucklowe, christened in 1698,
Sarah Mucklowe, christened in 1701 and died in 1712.
John Mucklowe married Mary Prestwood at Fulbeck on 13th September 1716, and their children were :
Joseph, baptised on 3rd April 1720, and died young,
John, baptised on 11th January 1722,
Mary, also baptised on 11th January 1722, possibly John’s twin, who died on 30th April 1724,
Elizabeth, christened on 12th October 1724,
Mary, christened on 23rd November 1725,
Ann, born in 1727, and died on 2nd August 1731, and
William, baptised on 28th August 1731.
An Ann Mucklow, widow of East Markham aged 32,
married John Cullen, aged 21 of Upton, on 19th February 1726 at Tuxford.
Joseph Muxlow married Mary Wroe on 26th March 1708 at Hawton,
Nottinghamshire, and had five children. Mary Wroe was christened on 30th July 1682 at
Leadenham. Her parents were Audley Wroe and Elizabeth Banbridge,
who were married in 1681. Mary was buried in
Leadenham on 11th September 1742, and Joseph in Leadenham on 21st June
1747. This seems to be the first time that Mucklows had settled
in this village, which later became home to many of them.
Joseph and Mary’s children were all christened in Leadenham, and were:
William Mucklow, who died young in 1720,
Joseph Mucklow, born on 3rd February 1711, who
married Elizabeth Baker of Lincoln in 1748, and had five
children. He was buried in Leadenham on 9th January 1781.
Thomas Muxlow, christened on 13th April 1718,
William Muckloe, baptised on 26th December 1721, who married Mary Hale and had at least one child,
Audley Mucklow, who was buried on 30th September
1781 in Leadenham. He married Mary, who was born in 1727 and died
in 1793. They had eight children.
Thomas Muxlow married Mary Tubbs on 6th October 1741
at Lincoln. They had eight children, all christened
in Leadenham. Thomas was buried on 22nd May 1780. Their
Audley, christened as Audlow on 10th July 1742,
Joseph, christened on 25th November 1744,
Thomas, baptised on 15th January 1748,
Samuel, baptised on 18th February 1750,
John, baptised on 3rd March 1753,
George, christened on 25th January 1756,
Mary, christened on 30th July 1756, and
William, who was buried on 17th August 1761.
married Mary Whittecar on 8th July 1775 at Wilsford, Lincolnshire. George and Mary seem to have moved to the small
village of Cranwell, a few miles from Leadenham, as all but one of
their nine children were baptised there. Today the village is
famous as the site of the Royal Air Force College for officers.
The minister at Cranwell consistently spelled their surname
Muclow. Their children were:
Mary, christened on 11th February 1776,
William, christened at Leadenham on 18th October 1777,
George, baptised on 13th February 1780. He
was married twice, first to Susannah Hodges on 26th January 1802, and
then to Ann Allen on 16th September 1803.
Ann, baptised on 12th May 1783, and died on 30th March 1784,
Ann, baptised on 13th May 1785. She married William Copeland, and had one daughter, Sophia.
Thomas, christened on 12th May 1787,
James, christened on 26th July 1789,
Samuel, christened on 16th July 1791, who died young,
Elizabeth, baptised on 10th March 1793 and died on 6th June 1803.
William married Elizabeth Johnson at Leadenham on
4th July 1813, and they had six children, all christened at Leadenham:
Ann, baptised on 4th February 1816,
John, baptised on 6th November 1817,
William, christened on 5th November 1821,
Thomas, christened on 26th October 1823, who died young,
Thomas, christened on 24th January 1825, and
Edward, baptised on 4th April 1830.
By his marriage with Ann Allen, George had five children, all born at Cranwell :
William, born in 1805,
John, born in 1807. In the 1881 Census, John Muxlow, labourer
aged 74 born at Cranwell, and his wife Mary, aged 73 born at Leadenham,
were living at the Duke of Wellington Inn, Public House, Leadenham.
Henry, born in 1811. In the 1881 Census, a Henry Muckslow,
widower aged 71, born at Cranwell, occupation shoemaker, was living at
Henry Lane, Bardney.
James, christened on 2nd November 1823, and
Ann, christened on 17th April 1829.
Thomas Muxlow married
in her home village of Bardney on 30th July
1810. Thomas Muxlow and his wife were living in the
village of Welbourn at the time of the 1851 Census, when his occupation
was stated as “agricultural labourer”. His wife’s birthplace was
given as Bardney, and her age as 63. Sarah was the daughter of
Thomas and Hannah Fenwick, and was christened at Bardney on 3rd May
1789. Thomas and Sarah must have moved around in the first years
of their marriage, possibly looking for work, but they eventually
settled in Welbourn, where their last four children were
baptised. The family remained established in the village at least
until the 1850’s, and so I was surprised not to find any of their
graves in the churchyard. Sarah was buried at Welbourn on 13th
July 1854, aged 65, and Thomas followed her on 14th May 1861, at the
age of 73.
The Fenwick Family
Thomas Fenwick married Hannah Robinson on 26th May
1774 at Bardney. Their children, all baptised at Bardney, were :
Thomas, baptised on 10th March 1775, who probably married Mildred
Goddard on 10th May 1796 at Bardney. Mildred Goddard was
christened on 17th November 1776 at Baumber, the daughter of John and
Mildred Goddard. Thomas and Mildred’s children were :
William, baptised on 28th January 1798 at Baumber,
Mildred, christened on 1st January 1799 at Baumber, who married William Winn on 26th June 1825 at Bardney,
Elizabeth, christened on 18th August 1800 at Baumber (her mother’s
name was given as Elizabeth, but this is probably an error),
Edward, baptised on 17th January 1802 at Great Sturton (his father’s name was given as Edward, but this is probably an error),
Ann, baptised on 3rd April 1803 at Great Sturton,
Mary, baptised on 17th April 1804 at Great Sturton,
James, baptised on 15th September 1805 at Great Sturton,
John, christened on 10th December 1806 at Great Sturton,
Mary, christened on 31st July 1808 at Great Sturton, and
Hannah, christened on 16th February 1810 at Great Sturton.
George, christened on 18th August 1777,
James, baptised on 11th July 1780,
Mary, christened on 28th January 1785, who married William Tindall on 17th July 1815 at Bardney,
Sarah, baptised on 3rd May 1789,
William, christened on 15th March 1793, who probably died young, and
William, christened on 29th November 1798.
[A Thomas Fenwick married Ann Kitchen on 20th June
1797 at Bardney. An Ann Kitchen was christened on 13th July 1777
at Market Sturton, with parents William and Ann Kitchen. Thomas
and Ann had a daughter, Maria, baptised on 11th October 1797 at Market
Hannah Robinson was born about 1753, probably the
daughter of John Robinson and Alice Hagues, who were married at Bardney
on 2nd December 1746. Their other children, all baptised at
Bardney, were :
John, christened on 29th September 1747,
William, christened on 3rd April 1750, and
Mary, baptised on 26th September 1751, who married William Benton at
Bardney on 12th May 1774, just two weeks before Hannah married Thomas
Fenwick. They had two children :
John, baptised on 26th February 1775 at Bardney, and
William, baptised on 17th April 1776 at Bardney.
Mary must have died, as William Benton married Susanna Hanagoforth at Bardney on 28th May 1783. Their children were :
Arthur, christened on 7th November 1783, and
Robert, christened on 16th April 1789.
The children of Thomas and Sarah Muxlow were:
William, baptised at Dunston, Lincolnshire on 13th February 1812,
Hannah, baptised at Welbourn on 6th July 1814,
James (Mucksloy), baptised at Bardney on 18th January 1817,
George, christened on 12th October 1823 at
Welbourn. George’s obituary in 1911 claims that he was in his
90th year, which would make his birthdate 1821. This is
substantiated by his age given in the 1851 Census as 30. Perhaps
the family was on the move at the time, and they were not able to
baptise him until they settled down.
Mary, christened on 11th January 1824 at
Welbourn. (Obviously George could not have been born in October
1823.) A Mary Muxlow died in the Sleaford district in the June
quarter of 1840.
Sarah, baptised on 27th June 1826 at
Welbourn. In 1851, aged 24, she was a dressmaker, still living
with her parents,
Elizabeth, christened on 8th July 1829 at Welbourn, and buried on 8th December the same year.
In 1817 the Muxlow family were the subject of a Removal Order under the Poor Law :
“To the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of the Parish of
Bardney in the said Parts [Parts of Lindsey, County of Lincoln], and to
the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of the Parish of Welbourne
in the Parts of Kesteven in the said County, and to each and every one
Upon the Complaint of the Churchwardens and Overseers of the Poor of
the Parish of Bardney aforesaid, in the said parts of Lindsey, and
County of Lincoln, unto us whose Names are hereunto set and seals
affixed, being two of his Majesty’s Justices of the Peace in and for
the said Parts of Lindsey, and one of us of the Quorum, that Thomas
Mucksloy and Sarah his Wife and William aged 5 years, and Hannah aged 3
years, and James aged 3 months, their children have come to inhabit in
the Parish of Bardney aforesaid, not having gained a legal Settlement
there, nor produced any certificate owning them to be settled
elsewhere, and that the aforesaid Thomas Mucksloy and Sarah his Wife
and William, Hannah, and James, their children are actually chargeable
to the said Parish of Bardney,
We the said Justices, upon due Proof made thereof, as well upon the
Examination of the said Thomas Mucksloy upon Oath as otherwise, and
likewise upon due Consideration had of the Premises, do adjudge the
same to be true; and we do likewise adjudge that the lawful Settlement
of them the said Thomas Mucksloy and Sarah his Wife and William,
Hannah, and James, their children is in the said Parish of Welbourne in
the said Parts of Kesteven.
We do therefore require you the said Churchwardens and Overseers of the
Poor of the said parish of Bardney or some or one of you to convey the
said Thomas Mucksloy and Sarah his Wife and William, Hannah, and James,
their children from and out of the said Parish of Bardney to the said
Parish of Welbourne and them to deliver to the Churchwardens and
Overseers of the Poor there, or to some or one of them together with
this our Order or a true Copy thereof, at the same Time showing to them
the Original; and we do also hereby require you the said Churchwardens
and Overseers of the Poor of the said Parish of Welbourne to receive
and provide for them as inhabitants of your said Parish.
Given under our Hands and Seals the third Day of May in the
fifty-seventh Year of the Reign of his Majesty King George the Third,
and in the Year of our Lord One Thousand Eight Hundred and seventeen.
White’s Directory of 1842 claimed of Welbourn that
“The Countess of Buckinghamshire owns the greater part of the soil, and
is the lady of the manor”. No Muxlows are named in the list of
inhabitants, which probably noted only “gentlefolk”.
William married Maria Jackson at Ragnall on 26th June 1834. Their children were:
Thomas, born on 2nd August 1835 at Ragnall.
Joseph Jackson, born in 1837 in Sheffield.
Sarah Ann, born in the June quarter of 1840 in Sheffield and died in the March quarter of 1845, and
William, born in the June quarter of 1846 in Sheffield.
In the 1841 Census William Muxlow, 25, Maria, 30,
Sarah Ann, 11 months, Thomas, 6 and Joseph, 4, lived in Old Street,
Sheffield Park. (Adult ages were rounded to the nearest 5
years.) In the 1851 Census the family consisted of William, 39,
Maria, 40, Thomas, 15, Joseph, 14 and William, 4.
A descendant of this couple is John Muxlow of Nova Scotia, Canada.
Thomas became a
schoolteacher, and was living in Sheffield in 1881, when the census
recorded the following details :
Residence : 10 Clinton Place, Ecclesall Bierlow, Sheffield, YKS
45 Headmaster of Public Elementary
School Ragnall NTT
cashier and clerk
Thomas married Margaret Brookfield, who was born in 1838 and died on 29th March
1880. In 1901 Thomas Muxlow lived at Sheffield, and was a retired
schoolmaster. Harriet was also listed, but Thomas H Muxlow was
Thomas Henry Muxlow married Emily Florence Gill in the June quarter of
1885 at Ecclesall Bierlow, and their son Arthur Gordon Muxlow was born
in 1894. In White’s Directory of 1911 Thomas Henry Muxlow was
listed as a Manager, living at 39 Steade Road.
Hester Margaret Muxlow was married in the December quarter of 1893 at
Ecclesall Bierlow to either John William Bennett or Charles Deakin.
Edith Maria Muxlow was married in the September quarter of 1884 at
Ecclesall Bierlow to Edgar Howgate Wheatley. She died on 18th
August 1888 at Ecclesall Bierlow, aged 24, soon after childbirth, as
her daughter, Edith Lilian Wheatley, died on 22nd October 1888, aged
An Agatha Kate Muxlow died in the September quarter of 1893 at Ecclesall Bierlow, aged 28.
Hugh Broodfield (probably Brookfield) Muxlow was married in the
September quarter of 1894 at Islington, London, to Lucy Gertrude
Little. In the 1901 Census they lived at St Clements, Hastings,
Sussex. Hugh, 32, was a commercial traveller, Lucy, born at
Aylsham, Norfolk, was also 32, and they had a daughter, Mignon, aged 2,
born at Hastings.
Elsie Barton Muxlow was married in the December quarter of 1897 at
Ecclesall Bierlow to George Ibberson. In the 1901 Census Elsie
Ibberson, aged 28, born at Slaithwaite, lived at Sheffield. Her
husband was aged 29. He was born at Sheffield, and was a
solicitor’s clerk and secretary of lim(ited company?).
Joseph Jackson Muxlow
The 1871 Census
lists his family (as Muslow) in the Nether Hallam sub-district of
Ecclesall Bierlow : Jos’h Jackson, 34, Elizabeth G H, 35, Fanny Maria,
7, Arthur, 5, Edith, 1, and Clara, 2 months.
Fanny Maria Muxlow
was born in the September quarter of 1863 in the Sheffield district,
and died, aged 12, in the June quarter of 1876 in the Ecclesall Bierlow
district. Arthur Muxlow was born in the June quarter of 1865 in
the Ecclesall Bierlow district, and died, aged 12, in the March quarter
of 1878 in the Sheffield district.
In the 1881 Census they lived at Nether Hallam, Sheffield, where the following details were recorded :
Residence : 49 Sidney Road, Sheffield, YKS
Joseph Muxlow married Elizabeth Grace Hawley Wharton in the September quarter
of 1862 in the district of Sheffield. In 1901 Joseph Muxlow lived
at Southport, Lancashire, and was still a steel manufacturer at the age
of 64. Edith Muxlow was born in the March quarter of 1870, Clara
was born in the March quarter of 1871, and Edgar in the September
quarter of 1874, all at Ecclesall Bierlow.
Edgar Muxlow married
Margaret Annie Havenhand in the March quarter of 1900 at Ecclesall
Bierlow, and they had at least one child, Reginald Havenhand Muxlow,
born in the December quarter of 1906. In White’s Directory of 1911
Edgar was listed as working for Muxlow and Knott Ltd, and lived at
Devonshire Villa, Totley Rise. Muxlow and Knott made cutlery of
all kinds at the Hope Steel Works, Sheffield.
married Walter Henry Hartley in the June quarter of 1895 at
Sheffield. In 1901, Walter, aged 39, a “printer stations”, Edith,
aged 31, and their children Henry, 2, and Grace, 1, lived in the parish
of Dore, Derbyshire.
Hannah married James Johnson at Bardney in the March
quarter of 1838, and they had seven children, including Elizabeth,
great-grandmother of Sylvia Hepworth (nee Pearson) of Huddersfield.
James Muxlow married Anne Herod of Bathley on 30th
May 1842, at North Muskham. Both were in service at Bathley
before their marriage. They later lived at Welbourn, where James
was employed as an agricultural labourer. James moved to
Sheffield with his family about 1852, but had returned to Welbourn by
the 1881 census, when his occupation was given as “farmer, 65
The Herod Family
Ann Herod was christened on 23rd February 1823 at Morton
by Fiskerton, Nottinghamshire. Her parents were John Herod and
Olive Dixon Voce, who were married on 18th November 1822 at Averham,
Nottinghamshire. Other children of John and Olive Herod included :
Sarah, christened on 3rd October 1824 at Farndon, Nottingham,
Francis, christened on 18th May 1826 at Farndon,
Samuel (Herrod), baptised on 15th January 1828 at North Muskham, Nottingham, and
Matthew (Herrod), baptised on 29th August 1830 at North Muskham.
A Mary Herod, aged 55, born at Fiskerton, is listed in the 1881
Census. In 1901, Samuel Herrod, a former agricultural labourer
aged 74, born at Bathley, was living in the parish of Bathley. He
probably died in the June quarter of 1903 in the district of Southwell,
which includes Bathley, although his age was given as 82. A
Matthew Herrod died in the East Retford district in the March quarter
of 1900, aged 69. Olive Dixon Herrod died in the September
quarter of 1878 in the district of Southwell, aged 74. In the
1881 Census a John Herrod, widower aged 78, born in Farndon, was living
at Carlton Road in Bathley with his son-in-law, William Johnson, who
had married Phaoebe (sic), aged 41 born at Bathley. A Mrs W
Johnson attended the funeral of John Muxlow in 1905. John Herrod
died, aged 82, in the March quarter of 1884 in the district of Newark.
Phaoebe Herrod married William Johnson about
1869. He was born at Bathley and christened on 17th July 1831 at
Newark In 1901 Pheobe (sic), aged 61, and William Johnson,
woodman aged 70, were living at Bathley.
James and Anne Muxlow’s children were :
James, born in 1842, who probably died young,
Thomas, born on 18th February 1843 and christened
on 19th March 1843 at Welbourn. He was buried on 18th March 1845,
John, born on 28th September 1844, and baptised on 3rd November 1844 at Welbourn,
Sarah, born on 14th October 1846, and baptised on 8th November 1846 at Welbourn,
Olive, born on 9th March 1848, and christened on
9th April 1848 at Welbourn. She married Robert Clayton in the
June quarter of 1872 at Sheffield.
William, born on 6th February 1850, and baptised on
22nd April 1850 at Welbourn, who may have married Ruth Ellen Laycock in
the June quarter of 1873, in a double wedding with his sister Ann at
Sheffield. A Ruth Ellen Muxlow died, aged 33, in the June quarter
of 1885 at Ecclesall Bierlow.
George, born on 14th November 1851, and christened
on 4th (14th ?) December 1851 at Welbourn. He married Sarah
Senior in the March quarter of 1874 at Ecclesall Bierlow.
Ann, born on 14th April 1853, who married Henry Barrow in the June
quarter of 1873 in the Sheffield district, in a double wedding with her
Emma, born in Sheffield on 22nd February 1857,
Maria, born in Sheffield on 28th July 1859,
Mary, born on 13th May 1861,
Reuben, born in Sheffield on 15th February 1863.
In the 1871 Census the family were still living in the Attercliffe
sub-district of Ecclesall Bierlow : James, 54, Ann, 49, Sarah, 24,
William, 21, Anne, 17, Maria, 11, Mary, 9, Ruben, 8 and (grandson)
Henry, 2. Living in the same Census
sub-district were James and Ann’s son, John, 26, his wife, Matilda, 26,
and their children, Thomas, 6, Oliver, 4, and James, 2.
Details of the family at Welbourn in the 1881 Census are :
64 Farmer 45
George R Elkington Nephew
Mary Ellen Barrow
Henry Muxlow was born (possibly illegitimate) in the
Sheffield district in the March quarter of 1869, and died aged 42 in
the December quarter of 1910 in the Ecclesall Bierlow district.
He married Isabella Needham (born about 1870) in the December quarter
of 1896 in the Ecclesall Bierlow district, and they possibly had a son,
Henry Leslie in the same district in the June quarter of 1903. In
the 1901 Census, Henry Muxlow, 32, postal clerk, and Isabella Muxlow,
31, were both living at Nether Hallam.
In the 1901 Census, Ann Muxlow, aged 80, born at Morton, Notts, lived at Caistor.
James died on 1st June 1899 at Welbourn. Ann died on 25th February 1902 at Caistor.
John Muxlow moved to Sheffield with his father when he was about 8
years old. As an adult he worked in the steel industry, and was
manager of the steel smelting department of Jonas and Colver Ltd at the
time of his death, on 12th November 1905. John married twice, the
first time to Matilda Simpson, on 19th June 1864, at St Philip’s
Church, Sheffield. Their children were :
Thomas, born on 1st January 1865,
Olive, born on 5th October 1866. She married her uncle Reuben,
had five children, and died on 17th February 1959 at Welbourn.
James, born on 17th August 1868, and died on 11th January 1928. In the 1901 Census his occupation was “steel melter”.
Matilda, born on 12th January 1872, who married Jonathan Roebuck in
the September quarter of 1897 at Ecclesall Bierlow, and died on 6th
John, born on 19th October 1873, who died young (before 1881),
[? In the 1901 Census a John Muxlow, sorting clerk aged 27, born at
Sheffield, lived at Ecclesall Bierlow.]
Emma, born on 22nd March 1875, died unmarried on 3rd August 1902 at Ecclesall Bierlow,
Lily, born on 12th July 1877 at Ecclesall Bierlow, who died unmarried on 16th September 1905,
John, born on 26th May 1880, and
baby, born on 9th November 1881 (not named or registered).
The 1871 Census lists the family as living in the Attercliffe
sub-district of Ecclesall Bierlow. At the time of the 1881
Census, the family lived at 20 Montfort Road, Brightside Bierlow :
After Matilda’s death on 26th November 1882 at the age of 38, John
married Sarah Templeman (nee Newstead) on 30th January 1884, at
Newark. Their children were :
William, born on 2nd March 1885, and died in November 1956, and
Sarah Ann, born on 20th January 1887, and died on 23rd February 1887.
In the 1891 Census the family lived at 29 Fir Street, Sheffield :
William Newstead BinL
At the time of his death, John and his family still
lived at 29 Fir Street, Sheffield. In White’s Directory of 1911
Mrs Sarah Muxlow is listed as the householder at 29 Fir Street, and in
the 1919 Directory William Muxlow is still listed as living there.
John’s obituary appeared in a local Sheffield Church newspaper :
“Sheffield Primitive Methodism and Sheffield 4th Circuit in particular
have lost a noble and useful servant by the death of Mr John
Muxlow. He was born at Welbourne, Lincolnshire, and was the
eldest son of James and Ann Muxlow, who were earnest workers in the
“Of his father he often spoke as a most exemplary character whose piety
did much to direct his youthful steps into the way of truth. He
came with his parents to Sheffield when he was about eight years of age
and was sent to the nearest Sabbath School. From this period to
the end of his days his interest in the Sunday School never flagged.
“When quite a youth he joined an Open Air Mission Band and did much
good service for the Master in the streets. One day he was asked
to visit a poor man who was sick.
“As I prayed by the side of the
dying man,” he said, “I heard a voice saying to me, ‘The man is hungry,
give him something to eat.’ So persistent was the voice that I
could not continue my prayer, so I rose from my knees and gave the man
a shilling.” Poor John! He could ill afford to part with a
shilling, for he was very poor, but he gave it in the fulness of his
heart. John Muxlow never forgot that lesson, and through all the
future years of his service his life was one sweet expression of
benevolence. He was liberal to all from the Salvation Army to the
Anglican Church, while his generous gifts to the poor and needy won him
golden opinions from all.
“Not long before he died, he gave £50 towards our new Sunday Schools at
Walkley and it was his custom for many years at Christmas to send out
gifts among the poor and thus lighten the burden of their life and give
practical effect to the teachings of Jesus Christ. During the
latter part of his life especially he was a man of deep and earnest
piety – quiet but genuine – and most attentive to the means of grace
and the business meetings of the Church.
“Mr Muxlow passed away to his rest on November 12th, 1905, in his 62nd
year, the truest memorial of him being his good deeds wrought so simply
and unostentatiously in the spirit of the Lord Jesus.”
The report of his funeral appeared in the local newspaper :
“The Late Mr John Muxlow
Funeral at Walkley
The remains of the late Mr John Muxlow of 29 Fir Street, Walkley, were
interred at the Walkley Cemetery yesterday. The funeral service
was conducted at Walkley Ebenezer Chapel by the Rev H W Matthews.
Deceased had been a member of this church nearly all his life, and the
respect with which he was regarded was shown yesterday, when the chapel
was filled with people.
“The chief mourners were Mrs John Muxlow (widow), Mr T Muxlow, Mr and
Mrs Reuben Muxlow, Mr and Mrs James Muxlow, Mr and Mrs Jonathan
Roebuck, Mr John Muxlow, Mr W Muxlow, Mr and Mrs George Muxlow, Mrs R
Herod, Mrs R Clayton, Mrs E Martin, Mr Thomas Muxlow, Mrs W Johnson,
Mrs J Bowns, Mrs W Slingsby, Mrs W Fox, Mrs D Hayes, Mrs A Pierpont, Mr
and Mrs J Hiley, Mrs A Alltoft and Miss F Alltoft, Mrs J Gibson, Mrs L
Hunt, Mr and Mrs John Clark, Miss K Muxlow, Mr G Muxlow jun, Mr James
Muxlow, Miss Grace Muxlow, Miss M Barrow, Mrs Harry Muxlow, Miss Alice
Muxlow, A E Muxlow, Mrs M Wilkinson, Mrs E Dyer, Mrs F Wilkinson, Mrs W
Sharpe, and Mr and Mrs H Howe.
“In addition to these there was a deputation from Messrs Jonas and
Colver Ltd, where deceased had worked for many years, and was at the
time of his death manager of the steel smelting department. It
consisted of Mr Robert Jonas (son of Sir Joseph Jonas), Mr B W Winder
(managing director), Messrs Wostenholme, W Burgin, and G Simpson (works
managers) and about 50 men who had worked under Mr Muxlow. Mr G
Senior junr also attended, and Mr Wm Craven was present, representing
the Federated Health Association. Messrs Daniel Doncaster and
Sons Limited were represented by Mr Smith, and the Walkley Ebenezer
Church sent representatives in Messrs J Parker and J Ashton
(representing the trustees), Messrs J Edley and T Robinson (Sunday
School), Mrs J London and Mrs T Newton (married ladies class), Mr
Longdon and Mr and Mrs G Moore.
“Amongst the floral tributes were wreaths from Messrs Jonas and Colver
Limited, the managers of Messrs Jonas and Colver, the workpeople of the
firm, and the Walkley Ebenezer Church.”
William Muxlow married, and may have had six children. I could not find his details in the 1881 Census.
George Muxlow and Sarah Senior had at least three children. Sarah
Senior was christened on 5th August 1849 at Penistone, Yorkshire.
Her parents were John Senior and Dinah Darley. When the 1881
Census was taken, the family was living at Mount View Road, Norton,
Charlotte Moody Servt
Kate Elizabeth Muxlow was born in the September quarter of 1875 and
registered at Ecclesall Bierlow. James Senior Muxlow was born on
18th June 1878. He married Edith Ethel Smith (born 18th June 1876
at Victoria Road, Heeley, Sheffield, died 23rd July 1944, parents
George Smith and Martha Kay) on 15th February 1906 at Sheffield.
They had a daughter, Dorothy, born on 6th December 1906 who died on
14th December 1986. In the 1919 White’s Directory he is a bank
cashier living at 72 Edgedale Road.
In the 1901 Census George Muxlow, aged 49, was a
certificated schoolmaster at Norton, Derbyshire. Also there were
Sarah, aged 50, Kate, aged 25, James, aged 22, a bank clerk, John, aged
19, a pupil teacher, Grace, aged 16, a candidate pupil teacher, Reuben,
aged 14, an engineers and makers office boy, Mary, aged 12, Sarah, aged
11, and Winifred, aged 9. All the children were born at Norton,
John in the September quarter of 1880 (was this George under another
name ?), Grace Annie in the June quarter of 1884, Reuben in the
September quarter of 1886, Sarah Marion in the December quarter of
1889, and Winifred in the June quarter of 1892. Grace Annie
Muxlow arrived at Ellis Island, New York on 7th June 1908, as a
second-class passenger on the Caronia, sailing from Liverpool.
She was aged 23, single, with no occupation. Her nearest relative
was Mr G Muxlow of 33 Millmount St, Sheffield, and her final
destination was the town of Youngstown, Ohio. She was 5’6" tall,
with a fair complexion, brown hair and eyes. She was going to
meet a friend, Mr G A Cannon, of Williams Street, Youngstown, and was
discharged into the care of her uncle, Luther Senior, 110 Bell Avenue,
Walton, New York. Luther Senior arrived in Ellis Island on 15th
September 1900 on the Lucania from Liverpool. He was aged 55, and
married. The 1880 American Census lists Luther Senior living in
Pepperell, Middlesex, Massachussetts :
35 Works in
Luther Senior had evidently emigrated to America between about 1869 and
1871. He married Sarah Lodge in the June quarter of 1865 in the
district of Sheffield. Lily (or Lillian) Bradford Senior was born
in the June quarter of 1868 in the same district.
Ann Muxlow married Henry Barrow in the June quarter
of 1873 in the Sheffield district. They had at least three children before Ann died at
Sheffield in the March quarter of 1880, aged 26.
- Alice Ann, born in 1874,
- Martha Emma, born in 1876, and
- Mary Ellen, born in 1879.
At the time of
the 1881 Census the youngest child, Mary Ellen, was living with her
grandparents, while Henry Barrow and his two eldest children were
living with Henry’s mother at 52 Campo Lane, Sheffield :-
Henry Barrow died at Sheffield in the March quarter
of 1889, aged 39. In the 1901 Census Alice Barrow, aged 26, was a
domestic nurse at Birkdale, Lancaster. Mary Barrow, aged 22, was
a general domestic servant at Crumpsall, Lancaster.
Martha Emma Barrow was born in the September quarter of 1876 in the
Sleaford district. She was married in the Ecclesall Bierlow
district in the June quarter of 1898, to Bernard Eagers. In 1901
the Eagers family lived in the parish of Hunslet :-
26 born at Sheffield engineer’s
Ernest Watson Eagers was born in the March quarter of 1901 at
Hunslet. In the same parish was also Phiebe Eagers, aged 16, born
Alice Ann Barrow was born in the December quarter of 1874, and Mary
Ellen Barrow was born in the March quarter of 1879, all at
Sheffield. Alice Ann Barrow died aged 22 in the December quarter
of 1896 in the Huddersfield district, and Mary Ellen Barrow died aged
30 in the December quarter of 1909 in the district of Ecclesall Bierlow.
A Miss M Barrow attended the funeral of James’ son John Muxlow in Sheffield in 1905.
In 1881 Emma Muxlow was employed as a nurse :
Residence : (Off) Psalter Lane “Kenyon House”, Ecclesall Bierlow YKS
Norman J Parker Son
Broughty Ferry, Forfar, SCT
In 1881 Mary Muxlow was possibly living at New Street, Newark upon Trent, Nottinghamshire :
Reuben married his niece Olive, daughter of John, in the June quarter
of 1893 at Ecclesall Bierlow. They lived at Welbourn and had five
children. The 1901 Census listed in the civil parish of
Wellingore Reuben, aged 50 (? he was 38), a farmer, Olive, aged 30, John
W, aged 7, James H, aged 4, Reuben, aged 6 (Reuben Thomas was born in
the September quarter of 1894), and Emma, aged 7 months. All the
children were born at Welbourn, Emma in the September quarter of
1900. John William Muxlow was born in the Sleaford district in
the September quarter of 1893. James Henry Muxlow was born in the
same district in the December quarter of 1896 and died in the March
quarter of 1908, aged 11.
Sarah Muxlow, daughter of Thomas and Sarah, married
Hollinsworth Wright (born in 1832 at Wellingore) in 1852 in the
Sleaford district. They had a son, William Muxlow Wright, born in
1854 at Welbourn, before William Wright died in the December quarter of
Sarah remarried on 5th May 1857 to John Elkington,
who was born on 5th October 1835 at Welbourn. His parents were
John Elkington, born on 4th March 1810 at Leadenham, and Mary Bemrose,
born in 1811 at Welbourn. They had six children :
John Thomas, christened on 25th December 1858,
Sarah Rosina, christened on 2nd December 1860 at Welbourn,
Mary Elizabeth, baptised on 13th July 1862 at Welbourn,
James Henry, baptised on 22nd May 1864 at Welbourn,
Geoerge Robert, christened on 4th February 1866 at Welbourn, and buried on 29th October 1869, and
George Robert, born in 1869 and christened on 5th June 1870 at Welbourn.
In the 1881 Census there were four Elkingtons who had been born at
Welbourn and who were living with relatives or in lodgings. They
were James Henry Elkington, 17, George Robert Elkington, 11, Sarah
Rosina Elkington, 21 and Mary Elizabeth Elkington, 19.
James Henry Elkington was born at Welbourn in the
March quarter of 1864. In 1881 he lived with his uncle at Fen,
Great Hale, Lincolnshire :-
67 Farmer (50
Louisa Partridge Servant
James Henry Elkington was married at Halifax, Yorkshire, in the June
quarter of 1889, to Elizabeth Green, and was married again in the
December quarter of 1908, to Emma Brandwood. The 1901 Census of
Halifax listed James, aged 37, born at Welbourn, the secretary of a
Coal Society, and Elizabeth, aged 38, born at Halifax.
On the night of the 1881 Census, George Robert
Elkington was staying at the home of his uncle, John Muxlow.
George Robert Elkington was married in the September quarter of 1893 at
Halifax to Clara Morton. In the 1901 Census, George Elkington,
aged 31, born at Welbourn, was a “foreman mechanic” at an “electric
motors makers” at Halifax. Clara Elkington was also aged 31 and
was born at Halifax
In 1881 Sarah and Mary Elkington were living as lodgers at 63 Battinson Road, Halifax :-
Sarah R Elkington Boarder
Mary E Elkington Boarder
Sarah Rosina Elkington was married to Jesse Balme at
Halifax in the December quarter of 1881. In 1901 Sarah Balme,
dressmaker aged 40, born at Welbourn, and Jesse Balme, draper’s
assistant aged 54, born at Bolton, Lancashire, were living at Halifax.
Mary Elizabeth Elkington was married to Nelson Hey
at Halifax in the September quarter of 1883. In 1901 the Hey
family were living in the Mytholmroyd parish, just west of Halifax.
George Muxlow (son of Thomas and Sarah) married Eliza Booth, from the
village of North Scarle, Lincolnshire, in the June quarter of 1841, in
the district of Newark (George’s surname was written as
“Muckslow”). Their first five children were :
Elizabeth, christened on 2nd May 1844,
Sarah, christened on 8th September 1846, and buried on 10th September 1846,
William, baptised on 2nd January 1848 at Welbourn, and buried on 5th January 1848,
twins Elizabeth and Martha, baptised on 4th August
1850. Evidently twin Elizabeth died at a young age (possibly at
birth, as she was given the same name as an older sister), as in 1851
only Elizabeth, aged 6, and Martha, eight months, were alive.
Eliza Booth was the daughter of William Booth and
his wife Elizabeth. Their children, all christened at North
Scarle, were :
Mary (Boothe), christened on 27th August 1816,
Anne (Boothe), christened on 21st June 1818,
William (Boothe), baptised on 23rd January 1820,
Sarah, baptised on 11th November 1821,
Eliza, christened on 7th September 1823,
Harriet, christened on 12th February 1826, who must have died young,
Harriet, christened on 30th December 1827, and
Phoebe, baptised on 22nd August 1830.
A William Booth was christened at Brant Broughton on
21st April 1795. His parents were William Booth and
Elizabeth. Another William Booth was christened at Skellingthorpe
on 24th December 1797, to John Booth and Jane Swallow, who were married
there on 13th April 1784.
The 1851 Census
Censuses had been taken in England and Scotland
every ten years since 1801, but only basic data was gathered for many
years, and this was often inaccurate owing to the confusing form of the
questions. The census of 1851, taken on the night of 30th March,
was greatly assisted by the system of registration of births, deaths
and marriages which came into operation in 1837. Prior to that
time, the unchecked Parish Registers were the only available source of
The 1851 Census for Welbourn noted three households
of Muxlows, those of father Thomas and his two sons James and
George. Details provided include each occupant’s name,
relationship to the head of the household, age, occupation and place of
Mary Ann Bainbridge Lodger
Whereas our branch of the family remained
agricultural labourers, by contrast, several of the Mucklows of
Leadenham had managed to make the transition from hired labourer to
farm-owners and shopkeepers, employing other labourers, servants and
The Muxlows in Sheffield
George Muxlow and his family left Welbourn soon
after the census was taken, to try and improve their lot in the newly
industrialised town of Sheffield. Even at that time Sheffield had
a long industrial history. Iron was worked in the vicinity in the
12th Century, and it was famed for its knives by the time of
Chaucer. In 1624 the Company of Cutlers in Hallamshire was
incorporated. Steel long remained the industry of the “little
mester”, but the 18th century saw many industrial changes. The
invention by Boulsover in 1742 of the method of coating copper with
silver to form the well-known “Sheffield plate” established an industry
which flourished until the 1840’s. In 1740 Huntsman invented the
process for making crucible steel, and later established his works at
Attercliffe. At the same time coal began to be widely used for
smelting. Even more important was Bessemer’s converter of
1856. At the same time arose a demand for steel for railways,
armaments and constructional purposes, which stimulated a rapid
expansion in the workforce of skilled labour.
George and Eliza
’s family continued to grow in
Sheffield, with the birth of a daughter, Annie Maria
in the June
quarter of 1856, and a son, John Gantley
on 31st October 1862. John’s birth
states that he was born at the family home, 26 Daisy Bank,
and that George’s occupation was steel melter (journeyman). A
journeyman was a skilled tradesman, craftsman or artisan who had
completed his apprenticeship or training, but worked for wages for a
workshop owner, instead of owning his own works. By now the age
of photography had arrived, and photos of George exist, showing a
determined look and bushy whiskers, with an equally determined Eliza at
his side. One photo shows the couple at the back door of a later
home at 165 Martin Street “near the henpen”.
The 1871 Census lists (under the surname Muglow) the
following people in the same Registration district of Ecclesall Bierlow
and sub-district of Nether Hallam :
(is this George?)
47 (George’s wife Eliza
Annie Maria 15?
6 (John Gantley)
59 (George’s brother)
(William’s wife Maria Jackson)
Phoeba Mucklow (sic) was born in the December
quarter of 1852, in the Sheffield district. I cannot prove that
George and Eliza were her parents, but she is listed (under her married
name of Phoebe Jackson) as a daughter of George at his funeral.
Phoebe Muxlow married George Withill Jackson in the December quarter of
1879 at Sheffield.
At the time of the 1881 Census George Muxlow, his
wife Eliza and son John Gantley were living with their married
daughter, Annie Maria Hunt.
The 1901 Census lists a George Muxlow, aged 79, born
at Welbourn, occupation “General Labourer”, in the parish of St Paul’s,
Lincoln. Perhaps he was travelling, taking photographs, as
mentioned in his obituary.
Elizabeth Muxlow married Henry Hunt in the December
quarter of 1862 in the district of Sheffield, and they had at least one
child before her husband died. A Henry Hunt died aged 33 in the
March quarter of 1873 in Sheffield. She then married Herbert
Foster in the December quarter of 1880, and the 1881 Census shows them
living at 67 Jericho Street, Sheffield :
Arthur E Hunt
In 1901 Herbert, 51, and Elizabeth, 56, were living
at Nether Hallam. His occupation was “steel warehouse manager”.
Arthur Ernest Hunt was born in the June quarter of
1871 at Ecclesall Bierlow. In 1901, aged 29, he lived at Nether
Hallam, and was a “Teacher of Music and Piano Tuner”. [A William
Silverwood Hunt died at Ecclesall Bierlow, aged 31, in the June quarter
Martha Muxlow, the surviving twin, married Simeon
Walton at Sheffield in the December quarter of 1870. She must
have died young, possibly following the birth of her second child, as
Simeon married again, to Kate Amelia Smith at Ecclesall Bierlow in the
September quarter of 1877. In the 1881 Census the family lived at
37 Bower Road, Nether Hallam, and included two sons of Martha’s, Mark
and Horace. Horace Walton was a mourner at the funeral of his
grandfather, George, in 1911.
H M 33 Britannia
Metal Filer (White Metal) Sheffield, YKS
Charles Bert. Smith
Mark Henry Walton was born at Sheffield in the March
quarter of 1873. On the same page of the Register was the entry
for the birth of a George William Davage. Horace Walton was born
at Sheffield in the June quarter of 1875.
In 1901 Horace Walton was an engraver, living at Nether Hallam.
Annie Maria Muxlow
Annie Maria Muxlow married Henry Peter Kirkby in the
December quarter of 1876, at Sheffield. The 1881 census lists
George Muxlow as a lodger in the house of his son-in-law, Henry P
Kirkby, at 111 St Phillips Road :
Henry P Kirkby
Annie Maria Kirkby
Ruth Annie Kirkby
Elizabeth Emmaline Kirkby D
Servant 14 Dom
N Scorlie, LIN
John Gantley Muxlow
[A family called Nanns was also living at 111 St Phillips Road at the time of the Census.]
Henry Peter Kirkby was born in the December quarter
of 1853 in the district of Worksop. His father was Henry
Kirkby, who was christened at Worksop on 23rd January 1822, and died,
aged 72, at Worksop in the December quarter of 1893. He married
Ann Rigley at Worksop in the June quarter of 1845, and in 1881 they
were living at 40 Park Street, Worksop :
Henry Kirkby’s parents were William Kirkby and his wife Grace Harrismith, who were married at Worksop on 25th January 1821.
Ruth Annie Kirkby was born in
the June quarter of 1878. A Ruth Annie Kirkby was married at
Ecclesall Bierlow in the December quarter of 1900, to possibly either
George Hennings or Thomas Oldfield. [But a Ruth Annie Kirkby was
a mourner at George Muxlow’s funeral in 1911.]
Elizabeth Emmeline Kirkby was born in the September
quarter of 1880. On the same page of registrations was a Henry
Rigley Kirkby, who was probably a twin of Elizabeth, and who died in
the December quarter of 1880. In the 1901 census, Elizabeth, aged
19, was a coal merchant’s clerk, living at Ecclesall.
Eliza Muxlow died on 10th December 1888 at 165
Martin St, Nether Hallam, Sheffield, aged 65, of “softening of the
brain”, but George
lived on until the 2nd May 1911, dying at 136 Martin
St, Sheffield, of “senile decay and bronchitis” His death was
registered by A E Hunt, grandson, who was present at the death.
The Sheffield daily newspaper published a lengthy obituary and
on the following Saturday, which I reproduce in full :
A SHEFFIELD WORTHY
Interesting career of the late Mr George Muxlow
An old Sheffield worthy in the person of Mr George
Muxlow has been removed by death. He was in his 90th year, and
died at his home in Martin Street on Tuesday last. In the fullest
sense of the term he was one of Nature’s gentlemen. Integrity,
lofty sentiments, and strong convictions allied with tenderness of
heart, were leading characteristics of his personality, and he was in
love with every living thing. Practically to the end he
maintained both his physical and mental activities. He was a
pronounced Liberal; and in spite of weight of years and the
disappointments of politics he was no pessimist, but had unbounded
enthusiasm for the Government and its social programme.
Pipe Organs Out of Barrels
Mr Muxlow was a native of Welbourne, Lincolnshire,
and was born in 1821. He worked in the fields until he was 31,
and then, in 1852, came to Sheffield. He became a crucible steel
smelter with Messrs. Sanderson’s of West Street; and subsequently
followed his trade with Messrs. Camm and Bagshawe, and James and F C
Wild, Borussia Steel Works. He served the latter firm sixteen
years, and was closely identified with the family. At 65 years of
age he retired from the business. For nearly 49 years he lived a
happy married life, and had five daughters and a son; all of whom, save
two daughters, survive him, and reside in the city.
One illustration of the inventive and utilitarian
genius of the veteran is peculiarly interesting. He was a great
devotee of music, and one of his hobbies was the very innocent one of
building pipe organs. His oldest grand-son (Mr Arthur E Hunt,
professor of music), with whom he lived, has at the present time an
organ of his creation. It is a one-manual instrument, with
pedals, seven stops, and some 400 pipes. Many of these are made
of wood from broken barrels. Mr Muxlow used to soak the staves of
the barrels in water for a considerable time, then weight them with
steel ingots in his workshop, and by that means dry them
straight. Another of his undertakings was to add a second manual
to the organ in Ecclesall Workhouse, which was originally erected by
Feats in Photography
He played the organ, trombone, double-bass, and
‘cello with facility, and in his day was known as a composer of anthems
and tunes, one of which, “Sydney Cottage”, used to be especially
popular at Sunday school anniversaries. For many years he was
conductor at Mount Gerizim, in the Park, and although never a member of
any church, he attended Weston Street and Oxford Street Methodist
Churches. His religious convictions were deep, nevertheless, and
he believed that the supreme test of faith must be in the living.
When bordering on 70 years of age, Mr Muxlow took up
the hobby of photography as an antidote to the effects of losing his
wife. His thoroughness and enthusiasm, as an old man, in
following the pursuit were astonishing. Cathedral architecture
was his particular forte, and he travelled all over England
“snapping”. He took no fewer than 10 000 pictures, and made 1 000
lantern slides; and box after box of indexed negatives bear eloquent
testimony to the fact. He did not abandon the hobby until he was
88 years of age, and even then he reluctantly confessed, “I must be
getting too old for it!”. Poultry keeping was another hobby he
went into at one period, and a record of every egg laid was kept.
It is interesting to recall that the veteran was a
teetotaller and non-smoker, and a Past Master of the Good
Templars. The late Mr J J Muxlow, of Dore, who died in April, was
his nephew, and the two had always been intimately associated.
Funeral at General Cemetery
The funeral took place at the General Cemetery
yesterday, the Rev T C Lawson, of St Philip’s, officiating. Good
Templary was represented by Mr W H Hall, secretary of the Oxford Nimshi
Lodge (which was founded by Mr Muxlow), and Mr W Brougham, Chief
Templar of the convention of Templars, others attending including Mr
and Mrs C W Longhorn, Mr J Nicholson, and Mr E Muxlow, of Dore.
The private mourners were Elizabeth Foster, Phoebe Jackson, and Annie
Kirkby (daughter), John Gantley (son), H P Kirkby (son-in-law), Joseph
Booth Foster, Mrs John Herbert Foster, Elsie Jackson, Ruth Annie
Kirkby, Arthur E Hunt, Horace Walton, and Mrs John Atkinson
(grand-children), John Atkinson, William and Geo. Muxlow (nephews), and
Mrs John Muxlow (niece).
The photograph accompanying the article was labelled
“A Musical Genius”, and showed an elderly George playing a
double-bass. The caption called him “one of the fathers of the
crucible steel trade”.
The nephews William and George Muxlow mentioned in
the above obituary may have been James’s sons. Also the J J
Muxlow of Dore, who died in April 1911 may have been James’s son James,
born in 1842, or he may have been the Joseph Muxlow of Dore (“a
cousin”) whose photograph shows a prosperous, well-dressed gentleman.
John Gantley Muxlow
John Gantley Muxlow
to Sophia Sanderson
at St Stephens Church, Sheffield on 21st January 1884, after banns by
the Assistant Curate, E H M Jackson. He was a letter carrier, and
his father was a steel melter. Sophia’s father was John
Sanderson, a spring knife cutler. Both the bride and groom
in Bellefield Street at the time of their marriage. Witnesses at
the ceremony were Thomas Sanderson and Annie Sanderson. John
Gantley Muxlow appears to have been a complete contrast to his father,
a shiftless character who maltreated and eventually abandoned his
children in orphanages.
The Sanderson Family
Sophia Sanderson was born on 1st September 1863, at
home at 72 Jericho St, Sheffield. Her father was John Sanderson,
a spring knife cutler, and her mother, who signed the birth certificate
with a cross, was recorded as Sendoine Gant.
Sendoine Gant was the daughter of Jonathan Gant or
Gaunt, and his wife Ann. Their children, all christened at
Doncaster, were :
William Gaunt, christened on 21st August 1814, who died in Doncaster
in 1881. (A William Gaunt died in the Leeds district in the
December quarter of 1867, aged 52.)
Martin Gaunt, christened on 16th February 1817, who married Sarah
Pickering in the Sheffield district in the December quarter of 1837 and
had a daughter, Mary Ann Gant, christened at Doncaster on 23rd
Sendoine Gant, baptised on 18th February 1821,
Walter Gant, baptised on 18th May 1823. In the 1881 Census he
was a gamekeeper at Sandall Wood, Long Sandall, Yorkshire (on the
north-eastern outskirts of Doncaster). He lived alone, and his
age was given as 54. He died in the Doncaster district in the
March quarter of 1884, aged 65.
Sophia Gaunt, baptised on 9th January 1830.
The 1841 Census listed Ann Gaunt, aged 60, Martin,
aged 24, Sarah, aged 25, and Sophia, aged 11, living at Doncaster.
On her marriage to John Sanderson on 9th May 1838 in
the Sheffield parish, her name was recorded as Sidonia Gaunt, and her
age was given as 19. She lived at Castle Street, Sheffield, and
her father was a shoemaker. John Sanderson, of Meadow Street, was
a cutler, aged 21, and his father, Thomas, was a scissorsmith.
Neither of the celebrants could sign their name to the marriage
In the 1881 Census, Martin Gant lived at 4 Bowers Fold, Doncaster :
A William Gant died in the June quarter of 1899 in the Doncaster district, aged 58.
Sarah Pickering’s parents were Thomas Pickering and
Ann Slater, who were married at Armthorpe on 5th December 1798.
Their children, all christened at Armthorpe, were :
John (Pickrin), born on 9th October and christened on 13th October 1799,
Elizabeth, christened on 22nd December 1800,
Ann, born on 31st July and baptised on 26th September 1802,
William (Pickrin), born on 23rd May and baptised on 2nd July 1804,
Marey (Pickrin), born on 29th March and christened on 25th May 1806,
Hannah, christened on 26th November 1809, and
Sarah, baptised on 18th June 1815.
Children of John and Sidonia Sanderson, all born in Sheffield, included :
John, born in the March quarter of 1846,
Jonathan, born in the June quarter of 1848,
Thomas, born in the March quarter of 1856 and christened in 1857 at Sheffield,
Ann, born about 1862,
Sophia, born on 1st September 1863, and
Sophia Sanderson and her sisters Ann and Elizabeth
were all christened at Sheffield on 6th December 1864. Their
parents were listed as John and Sadonia Sanderson.
In the 1841 Census John, aged 25, and Sadonia
Sanderson, aged 20, were living at 20 Newcastle Street, Sheffield
West. In 1851 the family were still living in Sheffield West :
at Sunderland, DUR
In 1861 John, 44, and Sendoine, 40, were living
at North Sheffield, with Joshua, 15, (obviously John), and Jonathan, 12.
In the 1871 Census the family was still at North Sheffield, with
Sadonia, 52, Jonathan, 22, Tom, 15, Ann, 9, and Sophia, 6. Also
living there were son John, 25, his wife Eliza, 27, and their children,
James, 3, and Ann E, 1. John Sanderson, 54, was listed in the
district of Ecclesall Bierlow, and daughter Elizabeth had disappeared.
John Sanderson (son of John and Sidonia) married
Eliza Ward in the December quarter of 1866 in the Sheffield
district. Their children were :
James, born in the September quarter of 1867 in Sheffield district,
Annie Elizabeth, born on 20th February 1869 and christened on 11th April at St Swithin’s, Lincoln, who must have died young,
John Thomas, born in the June quarter of 1872 in Sheffield district.
Annie Elizabeth, christened on 9th October 1877 at Sheffield (unless she is the previous entry rechristened), and
Herbert, born in the September quarter of 1875 in the Sheffield
district, and also christened on 9th October 1877 at Sheffield.
Note that Annie and Herbert were christened after their father’s death.
John Sanderson died on 19th July 1877, aged 31, and was buried on 22nd
July in grave plot T2 133 in the Sheffield General Cemetery, with
George Sandford officiating. He was a cutler, and lived at 69
(60?) Jericho Street.
Thomas Sanderson (son of John and Sidonia) married Laura Anderson in the June quarter of 1878 in
the district of Sheffield. Sidonia and Harold Sanderson, children
of Thomas and Laura Sanderson, were both christened (posthumously ?) on
20th February 1891 at Sheffield, and Effie Marion Sanderson was
christened there on 18th July 1892, the day of her death.
An Annie Eliza Sanderson (? daughter of John and
Sidonia) married John Brocket in the September quarter of 1880 in
Sheffield district. In the 1881 Census they were living at 12
Handly Street, Brightside Bierlow :
man (factory labourer)
The couple had a daughter, Cecilia, who was christened on 11th November
1885 at Attercliffe. (But an Annie Sanderson was a witness at the
wedding of Sophia Sanderson and John Gantley Muxlow in 1884.)
An Elizabeth Sanderson (? daughter of John and
Sidonia) was also married in the September quarter of 1880, probably to
Benjamin Housley. In the 1891 Census an Elizabeth Housley, aged
28, was living at Ecclesall Bierlow.
In the 1881 Census, 72 Jericho Street (the birthplace of Sophia Sanderson) was occupied
by Julia Hudson, her daughter Jane, and lodgers Elijah Longue and his
family. A Lidia Sanderson and her family lived at 60
Jericho Street, but I am sure that this is Sidonia, misread.
Lidia (Sidonia) Sanderson
Spring knife cutler
Spring knife cutler
In the1881 Census the most likely Sophia Sanderson
was a domestic servant at 27 Taptonville St, Ecclesall Bierlow :
architect (Art student)
Cook domestic servant
Housemaid dom servant
Also listed in the 1881 Census was a Sadonia
Sanderson, aged 16, born at Sunderland, Durham, and working as a
servant in the household of Arthur Harkness, iron master, at 6
Cumberland Terrace, Bishopwearmouth, Durham. Sadonia Frazer
Sanderson was married in the March quarter of 1891 at Sunderland,
possibly to William Dixon Low.
Sidonia Sanderson died a widow on 27th December 1887
in the Sheffield district aged 68. She was buried on 30th
December in the Sheffield General Cemetery (Grave number T2 162), with
minister J G Richardson officiating. Her residence was 60 Jericho
Street. The same grave plot also contains the bodies of :
Sadonia and Harold, daughter and son of Thomas Sanderson, cutler of
10 Alderson Road, who both died on 19th February 1891 (probably very
soon after birth) and were buried on 22nd February, with George Roper
- Effie Marion, daughter of Thomas Sanderson, manager of 10 Alderson
Road, who died aged 10 days on 18th July 1892 and was buried on 23rd
July, with H F Kennedy officiating.
A younger child of Thomas Sanderson was buried in grave plot T2 133 :
John Herbert, son of Thomas Sanderson, cutler of 60 Jericho Street,
who died aged 1 year on 10th June 1885 and was buried on 14th June,
with J W Talbot officiating,
This grave plot also holds John Sanderson, Thomas’s brother, who died in 1877.
A John Sanderson, manufacturer, died aged 54 on 29th December 1871, and
was buried in the Sheffield General Cemetery (Grave number E2 187) on
31st December, with George Sandford officiating. His residence
was 36 Aberdeen Street.
Thomas and Laura Sanderson’s children were :
Sophia, born in 1880 and christened on 29th August 1882 at Sheffield,
Thomas, born in the September quarter of 1882,
John Herbert, born in the June quarter of 1884 and died on 10th June 1885,
Austin, born in the December quarter of 1886, who married Jessie
Marie Wragg (born in September quarter of 1892 in the district of
Ecclesall Bierlow) in the December quarter of 1912 in Sheffield
Emily, born in the June quarter of 1890 in the district of Ecclesall Bierlow,
Harold, who died on 19th February 1891, very soon after birth, and his twin
Sidonia, who also died on 19th February 1891, and
Effie Marion, born on 8th July 1892, who died 10 days later on 18th July.
The 1891 Census lists the family as living at Ecclesall Bierlow : Tom,
35, Laura, 32, Sophia, 10, Thomas, 8, Austin, 4, and Emily, 1.
Also living there was Thomas’s brother Jonathan, aged 43.
In 1901 the family was still living at Ecclesall Bierlow :
A Thomas Sanderson died, aged 70, in the March quarter of 1920 in the district of Sheffield.
Jonathan Sanderson died, aged 68, in the March quarter of 1917 in the Ecclesall Bierlow district.
John and Sophia Muxlow’s children, all born in Sheffield, were :
Lillian, born in the December quarter of 1887 (Lilian in her birth registration),
Evelyn, born on 13th February 1890 (Eveline in her birth registration
and the 1901 Census). She married Joseph Sanderson in the March
quarter of 1909 in the district of Barnsley.
Edwin, born on 30th July 1892,
Minnie, born in the June quarter of 1895, who married Richard Jewsbury, and
Edith, born in the December quarter of 1898, who married Richard Jewsbury after her sister Minnie died.
The 1901 Census lists Lillian aged 13, Eveline aged
11, Edwin aged 8, Minnie aged 6, Edith aged 2, and Sophia, aged 39, all
born and living in Sheffield, but there is no record of a John Muxlow
of the right age anywhere in England. A George Muxlow, aged 40,
timekeeper in a jewellery merchant’s office, is listed as born and
living in Sheffield, and seems to have lived at the same place as the
John Gantley Muxlow followed his son Edwin to South Australia in 1927, and died there on 22nd February 1952.
Sophia Muxlow had remained in England, and died on 9th December
1948, aged 85, of “cerebral thrombosis and senile myocardial
degeneration”, at 33 Corby St, Sheffield, the home of her daughter, L
Edwin’s sister Evelyn and her husband Joseph Sanderson had a large family :
Ethel, born in England on 24th March 1908, who married William Ernest Archer.
- Norah, born in England on 7th August 1909. She married George Frederick Richards.
Nellie, born in England on 27th November
1915. She was married three times, to Messrs Ryan, Elliott and
Ronald Stanley, born in England on 1st October
1919. He married Dorothy Audrey Baker on 15th June 1946
Dorothy, born in Adelaide in
1928. On 24th October 1953 she married Mykola (Mike)
Kotlowy, who was born near Lvov in the Ukraine in 1922.d Ann Gabriel Brown.
Joseph Sanderson was born on 31st March 1888, and
came from Hoyland Common, Barnsley, a few miles north of
Sheffield. According to Joyce Cox, his speaking accent was quite
different from that of Sheffield, and somewhat difficult to understand.
Minnie and Edith Muxlow
Minnie Muxlow married Richard Jewsbury on 5th May
1917 in the Parish Church, Newington, Hull, and died, aged 23, on 27th
July 1918 at 20 Zetland St, Hull, after a miscarriage complicated by
pneumonia. At the time of her marriage, Minnie was a domestic
servant, living at 172 St George’s Rd, Hull, while Richard was a clerk,
living at 1 Clifton Gardens, St George’s Rd. Her father, John
Gantley Muxlow, was a warehouseman, and was a witness at the
wedding. Richard Jewsbury was born on 5th January 1893 at
Haverfordwest, Pembrokeshire, Wales. His parents were John
Jewsbury and Jane Drew Cobley, who were married in the Registry Office,
Sculcoates, Hull, on 17th September 1889. After Minnie’s death
Richard Jewsbury married Edith Muxlow in the March quarter of 1921 in
the district of Wortley, and Allan R Jewsbury was born in the March
quarter of 1922 in the district of Sculcoates.
My grandfather Edwin Muxlow’s birth certificate
states that he was born on 30th July 1892, at the family home, 35
Bethel Street, Sheffield, and that his father’s occupation was letter
carrier. Several other documents, however, (Army Pay Book and
Marriage certificate), show the year as 1891. Edwin left school
at an early age to become a cutlery and tool grinder. Seeing no
future in this life, he enlisted
in the Regular Army at the age of 20,
on 13th August 1912. He joined the York and Lancaster Regiment
for seven years in the Army and five subsequent years in the
Reserve. His Regimental number was 10208, his height was given as
5 ft 7⅜ inches, complexion fresh, eyes brown, hair black and religion
Church of England. The address of his father and mother is given
as 46 Jawbone Hill, Chesterfield (with the address 129 Walkley Street,
Sheffield crossed out). A photo taken about this time of Edwin in
dress uniform shows an upright, fresh-faced young man with an honest,
The York and Lancaster Regiment was formed in 1881,
by the combination of the 65th and 84th Foot Regiments. The 65th
was raised in 1756 as the 2nd Battalion, the 12th Foot (Suffolk
Regiment), was made a separate corps in 1758, and went to the West
Indies, and from there to America for the War of Independence.
Later it again went to the West Indies, and participated in the capture
of Martinique and Guadeloupe, thence to the Cape and India, where it
fought with distinction in several wars. The 84th was raised in
1793; its early service was at the Cape and in India and late in the
Peninsula. It served with distinction during the Indian Mutiny
and at Tel-el-Kebir. During the First World War the Regiment
raised 22 battalions and served in France, Flanders, Italy, Macedonia,
Gallipoli and Egypt. In the Second World war the Regiment fought
in France, Norway, Italy and Germany. The 2nd Battalion took part
in the defence of Crete and the garrisoning of Tobruk, and later formed
two columns of General Wingate’s Chindits in Burma.
Due to his lack of education, Edwin had to study for
the Third Class Certificate of Education, awarded on 24th September
1912, and the Second Class Certificate, awarded on 30th October
1912. In 1913 he was sent to Karachi, India as part of a training
draft. The flyleaf of his Soldier’s Common Prayer Book is
inscribed “10208, LCpl Muxlow, H Coy, 1st York & Lancs,
Jabberlpore, India.” Jabalpur, as it is now known, is one of the
main cities in the modern state of Madhya Pradesh, in central
India. It was a major regional centre during the British
administration, and was home to many military units. The Indian
Army still has a large establishment in the city, including four
Ordinance Factories and the Signals Training Headquarters.
The outbreak of war in 1914 meant that Edwin’s
Regiment was sent to the battlefields of Flanders and France. The
First Battalion of the York and Lancaster Regiment was still at
Jubbulpore when war was declared in August 1914. It was
immediately ordered to England, and landed at Southampton on 23rd
December 1914, when it was attached to the 83rd Brigade, 28th
Division. The 83rd Brigade was temorarily under the command of
the 5th Division between 3rd March and 7th April 1915, when it reverted
back to the 6th Division. This Division fought in the Second
Battle of Ypres (April/May 1915), and suffered serious
casualties. A Composite Brigade was formed, composing of the 2nd
Battalion, the Buffs, 2nd Battalion, the Cheshires, 1st Battalion, the
Welsh, and 1st Battalion, the York and Lancaster. It was
dissolved on 19 May 1915, and the formation assumed its normal
configuration. The 6th Division also fought in the Battle of Loos
(September/October 1915). The 28th Division arrived in the battle
area from Bailleu on the afternoon of 27th September, the third day of
the battle, and was thrown into the line in the Auchy area, north of
Loos, with orders to counterattack the Germans to retake the Fosse 8
position, lost the day before. The 83rd Brigade does not seem to
have been involved in this action. At 9:30 am on the 28th
September 85th Brigade of 28th Division, supported by 83rd Brigade,
attacked at the Dump and Fosse 8. Many casualties were suffered
by both sides in desperate fighting in the confined trenches around the
Hohenzollern Redoubt. Between the 1st and 3rd October close
fighting was renewed in the Hohenzollern Redoubt, and all but Big
Willie Trench was lost to the enemy.
Immediately after the Battle of Loos the Division
embarked at Marseilles for Egypt, and in November 1915 moved to
Salonika, where it remained for the rest of the war. Probably at
this time Edwin Muxlow was transferred to the Second Battalion of the
York and Lancaster Regiment, as he remained fighting in France.
This Battalion formed part of the 16th Brigade of the 6th
Division. This Division was involved in the Battles of
Flers-Courcelette, Morval and Le Transloy during the Battle of
the Somme (July to October 1916), and the battle
of Hill 70, Arras in August 1917.
The Regiments of the British Expeditionary Force of
1914 had been formed by the amalgamation of two individual battalions
some years previously. The Regiment was conceived as the
soldier’s home, and possessed the fullest measure of esprit de
corps. Voluntary enlistment for service in any part of the world
meant that the Army was the recruit’s career and business. It was
not a national duty imposed upon the citizen as such, but in its
essence, contract service. A grand battle on the Continent, the
maintenance of order at home, war upon a kinglet in a tropical forest,
and punishment of a high mountain tribe - all these tasks were
understood to be within the capacity of the infantry battalion that
found itself “next on the list for duty” at any given moment.
When a man enlisted for Army service, he did so with the intention of
rendering service for a reasonable number of years, and not with that
of receiving training as quickly as possible in view of a future
emergency. The period of liability and of pay for that liability
was fixed at 12 years, of which 7 were spent with the Colours, and 5 in
The unit of infantry was the battalion, commanded by
a Lieutenant-Colonel. In 1913 the previous organisation of 8
companies of about 120 each had been replaced by one of 4 companies of
about 240, commanded by a mounted officer, Major or Captain, with a
second Captain and a subaltern in command of each of the 4 “platoons”
of 60 men into which the company was divided. The battalion
included, further, a machine-gun section of two guns, a section of
signallers, medical officer and bearers etc. Its first line
transport, which immediately accompanied the troops on the march,
comprised 8 company ammunition mules and 6 ammunition carts (one of
which was for the machine-guns), two tool carts, two water carts, four
travelling kitchens (one per company), and a medical cart. The
armament was the “short Lee-Enfield” of 1903 and bayonet. The
men’s equipment was made not of leather but of strong webbing, of the
same grey-green colour as the uniforms. The baggage and supply
wagons of the infantry formed part of the Train. The brigade of
infantry consisted of four battalions under a Brigadier-General, which
had a small reserve of tools, and also a brigade ammunition reserve
formed by assembling some of the battalion carts.
The 2nd York and Lancaster Regiment formed part of
the 16th Brigade of the 6th Division under General Keir, part of the
Third Corps. This Division arrived in France on Wednesday 16th
September 1914, and was immediately sent by Sir John French to the
south side of the River Aisne, behind the British left, to serve as a
General Reserve. Having pushed the Germans back from the Aisne,
the 2nd Yorks and Lancs participated in an attack on the village of
Radinghem on 18th October, where they were ambushed as they pursued the
enemy and lost 11 officers and 400 men.
The Regiment participated in an attack along the
Menin Road, near the village of Hooge, east of Ypres, on 9th August
1915, and were again hard hit. They also attacked the formidable
German Quadrilateral trench complex east of Ginchy on the Somme on 15th
September 1916, and remained in action for several weeks. On 12th
October they led the attack on Zenith Trench north-east of Ginchy as
part of a combined attack by the Fourth and Sixth Divisions.
Edwin was wounded three times during the war.
A photo shows him as a Corporal in hospital at Hadley Wood, near
London, and convalescing at Eastbourne in May 1915. He was
promoted to the rank of Sergeant on 22nd May 1916, when his regimental
number was 4738400, and he remained at this rank until he was
discharged. A postcard sent to him in 1916, entitled “His last
trip”, shows a Zeppelin falling in flames near London on 2nd
September 1916. The card says “Dear Mr Muxlow, I am pleased to
hear you have quite recovered from your wounds - I wish you good luck
for the future, this card shows what happened to one of the Zepps last
time they came over here, With all good wishes from yours
sincerely, E Would.”
On 3rd November 1916 Edwin married Madge Davage
the United Methodist Church, Marsden Street, Chesterfield, the ceremony
solemnised by Albert E Burton. Edwin’s age was given as 25, his
rank as Sergeant, 2nd York and Lancaster Regiment (cutlery grinder),
and his father’s occupation as grocer’s warehouseman. Madge
Davage was born on 17th February 1887 at 129 Walkley Street, Nether
Hallam, Sheffield, where she lived as a child. On 5th March 1900,
Madge was exempted from attending the Burgoyne Road Board School,
having reached the minimum leaving age of 13. Her father was
George Davage, undertaker, deceased at the time of her marriage.
The address of both Edwin and Madge
was given on the certificate as 46
Jawbone Hill, Chesterfield. Witnesses to the marriage were R
Jewsbury, M Muxlow and J G Muxlow.
Further information on the Davage line
is given at the end of the chapter.
In May 1917 Madge Muxlow received a card
notifying her that he was a prisoner-of-war and in sound condition in
Parchim Camp, Germany, after being missing for 14 weeks. The date
probably should be 1918, as Edwin’s Service Records show him serving
with his regiment until 21st March 1918, when he was reported as
missing during the great German Spring Offensive, after sustaining a
gunshot wound in the left wrist. Another
postcard shows a soccer match in progress among inmates of Springhirsch
camp, where Edwin was a prisoner for eight months in 1918.
After the war Edwin remained in the Army, being sent
to Pontypridd in Wales in 1921 to combat a coalminers’ strike.
His 1922 Army Pay Book listed the family’s address as 19 Toftwood Road,
Crookes, Sheffield. The family also lived in the Norwood Housing
Estate in Sheffield, until Edwin’s time expired. He was
discharged on 12th August 1924, after having served 7 years 88 days
with the Colours, and 4 years 277 days in the Army Reserve, including 2
years 119 days in the Territorial Army. He was entitled to the
1914-5 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal, one red and
three blue service chevrons and three wound stripes. His
character was described as very good, hardworking, honest and sober.
(His height, interestingly, had increased to 5 ft 8½ inches.)
On 2nd February 1913 Madge had had a son, Frederick,
but I have not yet been able to determine whether Edwin was his father
or not, although he was always treated exactly the same as the other
children. A photograph shows John Gantley Muxlow holding
Frederick as a small baby, so I am assuming that he was indeed Edwin’s
son. The Chesterfield Wesleyan-Methodist Church Record of March
1921 noted the baptism on 16th February at Saltergate, by the Rev W
Slader, of Reginald, son of Edwin and Madge Muxlow of Toftwood,
In September 1923 Edwin and his family applied for
nomination for an assisted passage
to Australia. They were
nominated in April 1924 by Frederick Eccles, who had been a friend of
Edwin Muxlow’s on building sites in Sheffield, before himself
emigrating to Adelaide. On his application form, Edwin listed his
work and employers :-
Messrs J Bedford & Sons Ltd, Mowbray St, Sheffield Bricklayer’s labourer
Messrs W J Lane & Sons, 113 Attercliffe Rd, Sheffield Yardman & salesman
Their current address was 31 Edensor Road, Pitsmoor, Sheffield.
The Australian Government paid £55 of the £99 total fare for the
family. They travelled on the ship Barrabool (P&O Steamship
Navigation Co, gross tonnage 13148, net tonnage 7985, Master R
Bidwell), which sailed from Tilbury on 23rd December 1924, touched at
Fremantle on 30th January 1925, and arrived at Adelaide on 6th
February. The list of third class passengers
Muxlow Mr E
Bricklayer labourer aged 32
M Married woman
In turn, Edwin Muxlow nominated his sister Evelyn
and her family for assisted passage to South Australia. Evelyn,
aged 36, her husband Joseph Sanderson, a collier aged 38, and their
four children, Ethel 17, Norah 16, both domestics, Nellie 10, and
Stanley 7, both still at school, embarked on the ship Baradine (P&O
line, gross tonnage 13144, net tonnage 8003, Master W Rolls) at Tilbury
as third class passengers on 30th September 1926, and arrived in
Adelaide on 11th November 1926. Their fifth child, Dorothy, was
born in Adelaide.
Edwin’s father, John Gantley, like a bad penny,
arrived on 2nd March 1927 on the ship Barrabool (Master H R Rhodes),
also as a third class passenger. He was 64, and listed as a
Edwin and Madge’s children were :
Reginald born on 29th January 1921, baptised on 16th February, and died on 4th June 1994,
Muriel, born in Sheffield in 1923,
Phyllis, born in Adelaide in 1925 at
47 George St, Norwood, and named after her godmother, Phyllis
Morgan. Her father’s occupation was “assistant caretaker”, and
Joyce, born in Adelaide in
1930. Mrs Eccles, the wife of the person who nominated the
Muxlows for migration, wanted Joyce to be named Beatrice after herself,
and a coolness developed between the two families when her suggestion
was not adopted.
From 192? to 1955 the Muxlows lived at 47 George
Street Norwood, behind the Norwood Town Hall, where Edwin worked as
caretaker. (In 1922 the caretaker of the Norwood Town Hall was
Claude Henry St Leonard Toovey.) His father lived with them,
deeply resented by and ignored by the children, who called him “Old
Grump”, until he died on 22nd February 1952. In his latter years
he had lost all his teeth, which made him very hard to understand, but
which did not interfere with his enjoyment of food. Ted once
overheard Madge muttering “Can’t even fart around here without him
During the Second World War, Edwin enlisted in
Adelaide on 5th April 1942 in the Citizens’ Military Force, with
Service Number S69545. He served in the 3rd Battalion Volunteer
Defence Corps, was promoted to Lance Corporal, and was discharged on
3rd October 1945.
In later years Edwin and Madge lived in a flat built
at the rear of the home of their daughter Muriel and her husband,
Lionel Elphick, at 3 Penong Avenue, Burnside.
Madge Muxlow died in the Burnside Memorial Hospital
on 16th July 1962, of cerebral thrombosis, and was buried at Dudley
Park Cemetery on 18th July. Edwin died on 14th January 1969.
Phyllis Williamson, my mother, married Arthur Edward Williamson
Descent from Alfred the Great
According to Mary Rogers, the Muxlows can trace
their descent from Alfred the Great through the Arden line, as
documented by William Dugdale in the “Visitation of Warwickshire” :
Egbert, King of Wessex (829 – 839),
son Ethelwulf, King of Wessex, Sussex, Kent and Essex (839 – 858),
son Alfred the Great (847 – 899), King of Wessex (871 – 899),
son Edward (869 – 924), King of Wessex (899 – 924), married Eadgyn,
son Athelstan ( - 940), King of Wessex and Mercia,
daughter Leonetta, married Rayborn, Lord of Warwick,
son Aelfwine, married Ermenhild, sister of Leofric, Count of Coventry and Leicester, whose wife was Lady Godiva,
son Thurkill de Arden, married Marie,
son Siward de Arden, married Cecile,
son Henry, de Arden, born c1148, married Olivia,
son William de Arden, born c1174, married Galiena c1203,
son William de Arden, married Avice,
son Thomas de Arden, born c1227, married Eustacia,
son Thomas, born c1249, married Rose Vernon c1271,
son Ralph de Arden, born c1273, married Alice Beauchamp c1297,
son Ralph de Arden, born c1298, married Isabell de Bromwich c1323,
son Henry, born c1346, died c1400, married Ellen,
son Ralph, born c1373, died c1420, married Sibell de Belgrave c1412,
son Robert de Arden, born c1413, executed for rebellion against Henry IV in 1450, married Elizabeth Clodshale,
son Walter de Arden, born c1433, died 5th August 1502, married Eleanor Hampden c1457,
son John Arden, born c1458, married Alice Bracerigg c1488,
daughter Katherine, married Richard Mucklowe in 1514.
The Davage Family
Some of the following information was submitted to the IGI by Sharon Davage.
John Daveg married Dinah Hattersley in Ecclesfield,
Yorkshire on 25th March 1788 and their children included :
William, baptised on 4th July 1790 at Ringley, Lancashire (in the parish of Prestwich, on the outskirts of Bolton),
John, baptised on 28th October 1792 at Ringley,
Joseph Davage, christened on 5th June1796 at Ecclesfield, and
Mary Davidge, christened on 19th June1803 at Ecclesfield, who was
buried on 15th May 1823 at Ecclesfield. She was probably
unmarried, as her burial record identifies her as the “daughter of
Dinah Hattersley was christened at Ecclesfield on
6th February 1763, and her father was Jonathan Hattersley (probably
born on 27th December 1739 at Ecclesfield, father Richard
Hattersley). She was buried at Ecclesfield, aged 71 years on 25th
William Davage, who died on 7th August 1868 in
Sheffield, married Ruth (born 1795, died in the June quarter of 1883 in
the Wortley district). He was a waggoner, and later a forgeman,
and their children included :
John, born in 1821 at Wadsley Bridge, who was buried at Wadsley on
4th April 1891. The 1881 Census shows him living at Wadsley
Bridge : :
In the 1891 Census Ann Davage, aged 63, lived at Ecclesfield,
Wortley. An Ann Davage died, aged 75, in the March quarter of
1898 in the district of Sheffield, and an Ann Davige died, aged 71, in
the September quarter of 1899 in the district of Guisborough.
George Bartholomew, born at Wadsley Bridge and christened on 13th October 1822 at the Cathedral of St Peter, Sheffield,
Thomas, born in 1825,
Mary Ann, christened on 15th June 1828 at the Cathedral of St Peter,
Sheffield, who died, aged 59 and unmarried, in the September quarter of
1888 in the district of Wortley,
Charles, born in 1831 at Owlerton,
Elizabeth, born in 1835, who was still living with her mother at
Wadsley Bridge in the 1881 census, and was listed as still alive on
Ruth’s death certificate in 1883, and
The 1851 Census listed William, 60, born at Bolton, Lancashire, wife
Ruth, 58, born at Owlerton, and daughter Elizabeth, 16, also born at
Owlerton. Next door was a family of Crookes, who may have been
related to the Henry Crookes whom Millicent Davage (daughter of George Bartholomew Davage) married :
at Ecclesfield, YKS
Nether Hallam, YKS
Nether Hallam, YKS
Nether Hallam, YKS
Nether Hallam, YKS
Nether Hallam, YKS
William and Ruth’s daughter Mary was probably a servant in the household of William Siddall :
at Stoney Middleton, DBY
Stoney Middleton, DBY
In the 1861 Census William, 73, and Ruth, 66, were living in the parish
of Ecclesfield. William’s birthplace was listed as Bolton,
Lancashire, and Ruth’s as Ecclesfield. A few doors away lived the
family of George Ward, who may have been related to George Bartholomew
Davage’s wife, Sarah Ann Ward :
at Ecclesfield, YKS
Thomas Davage married Ann Badger of Masbro
(Rotherham), Yorkshire (died 1898) in the September quarter of 1847 in
the district of Sheffield. (Thomas’s surname was registered as
“Davis”). Ann Badger was christened on 6th October 1822, at
Rotherham, and her parents were William Badger and Amelia. Thomas
was a steelworker in Sheffield, and was buried at Wadsley Bridge,
Sheffield, on 7th July 1890. Their children were :
William, born in 1849 at Masbro, who married Elizabeth Scholey in the
December quarter of 1872 in the Sheffield district. In 1881 they
lived at 154 Clifton St, Attercliffe Cum Darnall, Yorkshire :
Annie Elizabeth Davage was born in the March quarter of 1877 in
Sheffield, and in 1901 she was a milliner. She married in the
September quarter of 1902. An Elizabeth Davage was christened on
28th March 1877 at Brightside, and Thomas William Davage was christened
on 6th August 1891 at Attercliffe, both with parents William and
Elizabeth Davage. Thomas William Davage of 117 Ripon St, was
baptised by Rev T Couch at the Emmanuel Church, Attercliffe. His
father was a forgeman.
Ann, christened on 7th September 1851 at Rotherham (surname Davidge), but 4 months old at the time of the 1851 Census,
Thomas, born in the September quarter of 1852 at Ecclesfield, who
worked at Firth’s Steel Works, one of the biggest steel manufacturers
in Sheffield, and is buried at Scarborough. In 1881 he lived at
209 Carlton Rd, Attercliffe Cum Darnall :
Merchant employing 2 men and 1 boy
Thomas Davage married Elizabeth Hague in the March quarter of 1875 in
the Sheffield district. Eleanor Hague Davage was born in the June
quarter of 1878 in the same district, and married in the September
quarter of 1899, either Thomas Barker or Charles Herbert Durham.
In 1901, Thomas was a “Manager in Steel Works”, living in Ecclesall
Bierlow with Elizabeth.
John, christened on 12th August 1855 at Rotherham, who died in the December quarter of 1859 in the Wortley district,
Charles, born in the September quarter of 1857 in the district of
Wortley. A Charles Davage died, aged 48, in the June quarter of
1905 in the Sheffield district,
George, born in the September quarter of 1859 in the district of Wortley, and his twin
Harry, born in the September quarter of 1859 in the district of Wortley, and
John, born in the December quarter of 1861 in the Wortley district, a
Sheffield silver engraver. A John Davage died, aged 77, in the
June quarter of 1939, in the Don Valley district, north of Doncaster.
In the 1851 Census the family were living in the parish of Ecclesfield :
at Sheffield, YKS
Next door lived Richard Rose, 40, his wife Louisa, 34, and children
Josiah (actually Joshua), 10, Martha, 8, John, 6, James, 4, and Alice,
1. The three eldest children had been born at Lubertain,
Poland. Also in the house on Census night was Mary Ann Rose, 21,
a visitor and Richard Rose’s half-sister. See below for the
connection between the Davage and Rose families. Mary Ann Rose
was also listed as being at the home of her widowed mother, Elizabeth
Rose, 64, born at Ecclesfield. Also in Elizabeth’s house was
Charles Davage, 20, the son of Thomas Davage, a lodger who would
eventually marry Mary Ann Rose.
In the 1871 Census the family was listed as living in the Brightside
sub-district of Sheffield; Thomas, 46, Ann, 48, William, 22. Anne, 20,
Thomas, 18, Charles, 13, Harry, 11 and John, 9.
In 1881 the family lived at 152 Saville St, Brightside Bierlow :
Charles Davage was a forgeman at Firth’s, and
married Mary Ann Rose (born about 1830), whose mother was Elizabeth
Firth, the sister of Mark Firth part owner of the steelworks (Elizabeth
Firth married Joshua Rose (died in 1848) on the 17th January 1827 at
Ecclesfield.). They were married on 1st January 1853 at St
Michael’s, Ashton-under-Lyne, and two of their children were :
Sarah Jane, born in the March quarter of 1857 at Wadsley, who married
Thomas Copley in the March quarter of 1881 in the Sheffield
district. They were listed in the 1881 Census at 45 Caernarvon
St, Nether Hallam :
22 Silver Buffer
Sarah Jane Copley died, aged 56, in the March quarter of 1910 in the Wortley district.
- Jabez Rose, born in the March quarter of 1859 at Wadsley, and died in the December quarter of 1869 in the Sheffield district.
It is possible that Charles emigrated for a period to Pittsburgh to
work for Firths there, although in the 1851, 1861 and 1891 Censuses he
is listed as living in Wortley. In the 1881 Census his wife Mary
Ann Davage was living at 3 Pilgrim St, Brightside Bierlow :
Alice Rose Naylor
Mary Ann Wilmot
Chorlton Cum Hardy, LAN
Mary Ann Davage
Wadsley Br, YKS
Noah Naylor was born in the September quarter of 1847 in the Wortley
district, and married Alice Rose (born in the September quarter of 1849
in Wortley) in the March quarter of 1870 in the same district.
Their daughter Alice Rose Naylor was christened on 8th October 1873 at
Brightside. Noah Naylor died in the September quarter of 1880,
aged 33, in the Sheffield district. Alice Naylor died, aged 31,
in the June quarter of 1881 at Sheffield. Alice Rose Naylor
married Harry Turner in the June quarter of 1897 in the Wortley
In the 1861 Census the family was living in the
Ecclesfield parish; Charles, 30, Mary Ann, 31, Sarah, 4 and Jabus R,
2. Also in the household was 13-year-old Noah Naylor, an
apprentice. Next door to the Davage household lived a Richard
Rose and his family, including Noah’s future bride, Alice.
Richard Rose was a half-brother of Mary Ann Davage, being the son of
Joshua Rose by his first wife, Martha Thompson. Another of
Richard’s children was Christopher Wilmot Rose, so his mother’s surname
was probably Wilmot (or Wilmott).
Mark Firth was born in Sheffield on the 25th April 1819. His
father, Thomas, was head melter at the crucible steel works of
Sanderson Brothers. The family was a large one, Mark had six
brothers and three sisters.
Mark and his brother Thomas junior started in work at Sanderson
Brothers but soon left to set up their own business in Charlotte
Street, Sheffield in 1842. Thomas senior joined them shortly
afterwards. The firm started slowly but by 1852, business was so
good that they had to move to larger premises at the Norfolk Works, in
Savile Street. The works had crucible furnaces, a file making shop and
the largest rolling mill in Sheffield.
Two Nasmyth Steam forge hammers were installed to allow Firth’s to
develop their business into the armaments market. The hammers
were used to forge guns. Two larger steam hammers were installed
in 1863. The noise and vibration of these hammers caused the
neighbouring businesses to complain that their machinery was being
damaged. In 1871, Firth’s cast the thirty five ton Woolwich
Infant gun. In 1875, they produced an eighty ton gun. At
this stage, Firth’s were employing over a thousand workers.
Mark Firth was at this stage one of the wealthiest people in
Sheffield. He was elected to the office of Master Cutler in 1867
and was re-elected for the two following years. He was elected
Mayor in 1874. In 1875, Mark bought a thirty six acre estate
which he presented to the town of Sheffield as Firth Park and also
built a mansion for himself at Oakbrook, Ranmoor on the outskirts of
On the 16th November 1880, Mark suffered a stroke whilst at the Norfolk
Works. He was taken to his home at Oakbrook but he did not
recover. He died on the 28th November 1880 and was buried in the
George Bartholomew Davage
George Bartholomew Davage married twice. His
first wife was Sarah Ann Ward, whom he married in the March quarter of
1843 in the district of Rotherham (just north-east of Sheffield).
George’s surname was registered as “Davis”. Sarah Ann Ward was
christened about 19th September 1824 at Ecclesfield, died in the
December quarter of 1862 in the Wortley district, and was buried at
Wadsley Bridge, Sheffield.
The Ward and Ibbotson Families
Sarah Ann Ward’s parents were Bartholomew
and Ruth Ibbotson
, who were married in Ecclesfield on 27th October
1823. Her siblings included :
Mary, christened on 11th March 1827 at Ecclesfield, and
Joseph, christened on 17th April 1831 at Ecclesfield. Joseph
Ward married his cousin Sarah Rhodes in the December quarter of 1853 in the
Sheffield district. In the 1881 Census they were living at the
Gold Inn, Wadsley Bridge :
Wadsley Br, YKS
Wadsley Br, YKS
Wadsley Br, YKS
Next door, at Butcher’s Sope, lived Joseph and Sarah’s daughter and son-in-law :
Elizabeth Ward married John Henry Skelton in the December quarter of 1878 in the Sheffield district.
Sarah Rhodes was christened on 12th May 1833 at
Stockport, Cheshire, the daughter of William and Elizabeth
Rhodes. William Rhodes married Elizabeth (Betty) Ibbotson on 1st January 1823
at Hathersage, Derbyshire. Betty was the sister of Ruth Ibbotson,
the wife of Bartholomew Ward. Sarah Rhodes had at least one
, born about 1828.
Bartholomew Ward was baptised on 29th September 1799
at the Cathedral of St Peter, Sheffield. His parents were Thomas
Ward, born about 1767, and Hannah, born about 1771, both in Locksley,
Sheffield. He died in the September quarter of 1868 in the
district of Wortley (which includes Ecclesfield), aged 68. His
wife Ruth died in the same district in the June quarter of 1873, aged
Bartholomew Ward had a brother, Joseph, born on 25th February
1794 and christened on 4th March at Waddington, Lincolnshire.
Joseph Ward married Esther Cousins on 8th November 1820 at Sheffield
and their children, all christened at Sheffield, included :
John, born on 18th January and baptised on 20th February 1825,
William, born on 19th June and baptised on 11th July 1827, and
George, born on 4th September 1831. In the 1881 Census he lived at Nether Hallam :
Residence : 165 Creswick Street, Nether Hallam, Yorkshire
13 Spring Knife Warehouse
Ada Ward was christened on 5th October 1869 at Sheffield.
In the 1841 Census Joseph Ward, 50, Esther, 40,
William, 14, and George, 9, lived in Bailey Street, Sheffield West.
In the 1841 Census Bartholomew Ward and his family lived at Ecclesfield :
Elizabeth Rhodes was the sister of Ruth Ward, and
Joseph Ibbotson was the son of Edward Ibbotson, Ruth’s brother.
The 1851 Census listed :
at Stow Bridge, YKS
Wadsley Bridge, YKS
Wadsley Bridge, YKS
Wadsley Bridge, YKS
Joseph Ward married Sarah Rhodes in 1853. A family of Rutters lived very close to the Wards.
Other possible children of Thomas and Hannah Ward were :
Hannah, born on 5th July and christened on 11th July 1791 at Waddington, Lincolnshire,
John born on 21st March 1793 at Locksley, Sheffield,
George, born on 1st March 1795 at Bradfield, and
Thomas, born on 4th December 1796 at Bradfield.
Ruth Ibbotson’s father was Joseph Ibbotson and her
mother Milicent. Milicent, or Melicent, whose surname was
probably also Ibbotson, was the subject of an effusive obituary in the
Wesleyan Methodist “Christian Miscellany and Family Visiter” of
1855. She was born at the Oaks, near Bradfield, Yorkshire, on 9th
April 1770, and died at the home of her son-in-law, Bartholomew Ward,
in Sheffield on 11th November 1853. Joseph Ibbotson lived at Cow
Close Farm near Hathersage, Derbyshire.
Joseph Ibbotson’s father was probably Robert Ibbotson, whose children, all baptised at Hathersage, were :
Samuel, baptised on 8th December 1753,
Millicent, christened on 16th May 1758,
Joseph, christened on 2nd September 1759, and his possible twin
Benjamin, also christened on 2nd September 1759,
Betty, christened on 23rd August 1761. She possibly married Thomas Hague on 10th October 1788 at Hathersage.
Violleta, christened on 9th October 1763,
Robert, baptised on 29th December 1765. He possibly married Betty Charlesworth on 30th July 1791 at Bradfield.
Genevare, baptised on 17th September 1767. She probably married
Joseph Ronksley on 13th June 1785 at Bradfield (her name was recorded
Ann, baptised on 21st May 1771. She possibly married Jonathan Cocker on 30th November 1795 at Hathersage.
John, baptised on 8th November 1772.
Ibbot was a pet form of Isabel in the Middle Ages; Hibbert was a Norman
personal name. Both gave rise to the surname Ibbotson or
Ibberson, which is widespread and very common in Yorkshire and
Derbyshire. Nearly 100 Ibbotsons were named in the registers of
the Cutlers Company. Sheffield had 284 people with various
spellings of this name in 1841.
The poll tax returns of 1379 name Adam
Ibbotson in Hoylandswaine and Robert Ibbotson at Thorpe Salvin.
William Ibbotson was living in Sheffield in 1440, but few Ibbotsons
were recorded here before the seventeenth century. They were,
however, settled in the Chapelry of Bradfield in Elizabethan
times. Seven of the 9 households recorded in the hearth tax
returns of 1672 for south Yorkshire were listed under the
chapelry. All the 6 households in Derbyshire were just across the
county boundary in Hathersage or Hope Woodlands. This distribution
suggests that all these early Ibbotsons shared a common ancestor.
Joseph Ibbotson and Milicent were married at the
Cathedral, Manchester, on 1st January 1788. Their children, all
christened at Hathersage, were :
Violetta, baptised on 30th December 1788. She married Robert
Crossland on 6th February 1815 at Hathersage.
- Robert, baptised on 4th February 1792. He married Sarah Hague on 15th July 1816 at Hathersage.
- Lydia, baptised on 17th August 1794. She married George Fox on
26th January 1817 at Hathersage.
- Milly, baptised on 12th January 1797. She married Robert Cocker on 16th July 1823 at Hathersage.
- Ruth, christened on 15th January 1800,
- Betty, or Elizabeth, christened on 24th June 1802. She
married William Rhodes on 1st January 1828 at Hathersage.
- Mary, born on 30th June and baptised on 19th August 1804. She married James White on 16th May 1826 at Hathersage.
- Joseph, christened on 30th October 1806. He married Mary Ann
Broomhead (christened at Hathersage on 28th February 1808, father
William Broomhead, mother Kitty) on 9th October 1832 at
- Ann Esther, born on 22nd April and christened on 27th May 1810, who died on 11th June 1811,
- Edward, born on 9th July and christened on 30th August 1812. He
married Sarah Jennet Savage on 12th March 1835 at Hathersage.
Violetta and Robert Crossland’s children were all
christened at Hathersage with mother’s name recorded as Violette :
Eliza, baptised on 19th November 1815, who died on 24th February 1829,
Samuel, baptised on 13th October 1817,
Robert, baptised on 31st March 1820,
Mary, christened on 16th April 1822, who died on 24th January 1836,
Joseph, christened on 11th July 1824,
probably James, born about 1826,
Maria, baptised on 26th July 1829, and
Sarah Ann, baptised on 9th July 1831. She married Joseph
Siddall Heaton (christened on 9th February 1834 at Doncaster, father
William Heaton, mother Margaret) about 1858.
Violettey Crossland died in the December quarter of 1849 in the Bakewell district, which includes Hathersage.
In the 1841 Census, the family lived in the district of Bakewell and
Chapel en le Frith : Robert, aged 54, Violet, 56, Samuel, 23, Robert,
20, James, 15, Maria, 11, and Sarah Ann, 9. A Robert Crossland
died in the September quarter of 1845 in the district of Chapel en le
In 1851 Robert, 64, Samuel, 33, and Maria, 21, were still living at
Hathersage. Joseph, 26, and Sarah Ann, 19, were possibly living
at Brightside, Sheffield.
In 1861, Robert, 74, and Maria, 30, with grandson Samuel, 15, were
living at Nether Hallam, Ecclesall Bierlow, where Joseph S Heaton, 27,
Sarah Ann Heaton, 29, and William C Heaton, 2, also lived. Robert
Crossland died, aged 81, in the September quarter of 1868 in the
district of Ecclesall Bierlow. William Crossland Heaton was born
in the June quarter of 1859 in the same district.
In 1871, Samuel, 53, and Joseph, 46, lived in the the district of
Bakewell. Samuel died in the September quarter of 1875, aged 57,
in the same district. Joseph S Heaton, 37, Sarah A, 39, William
C, 12, Ada V, 9, Arthur W, 6, and George, 3 (is this Grace?), lived at
Brightside, Sheffield. Joseph Heaton died, aged 46, in the
September quarter of 1879 in the Sheffield district. Ada Violetta
Heaton was born in the September quarter of 1861 in the Ecclesall
Bierlow district. An Arthur Webster Heaton was born in the
Wakefield district in the June quarter of 1865.
In the 1881 Census, Maria Crossland was living with her sister :
Residence : 49 Firs Hill Road, Brightside Bierlow, Yorkshire
Sarah A Heaton
Joseph Crossland lived at Thorp, Derbyshire :
55 Farmer of 64
employing 2 boys
Mary F Womack
Servant In Door
Servant In Door
Violet E Crawshaw
Violet Elizabeth Crawshaw was christened on 24th March 1878 at
Bradfield, the daughter of John Earnshaw Crawshaw and Mary Elizabeth
Crossland, who were married in the June quarter of 1874 in the Bakewell
district. Her sister was Alice Maud Crawshaw, christened at
Bradfield on 28th March 1875. In 1901 Joseph Crossland, 76, was a
retired farmer living at Hathersage.
Lydia and George Fox had two children, both christened
at Hathersage :
Robert, baptised on 8th December 1817, and
Joseph, baptised on 21st November 1819.
In the 1841 Census George, aged 56, Lydia, 46, Joseph, 21, and Robert,
15(?), were living at High Peake. A George Fox died in the
September quarter of 1850 in the Bakewell district.
married Milliscent Broomhead in the September quarter of 1845 in the
Sheffield district. Joseph Fox possibly married Ann Harmer in the
December quarter of 1849 in the Sheffield district.
In 1851 Lydia 56, Robert, 33, and Joseph, 31, lived at Tideswell in the
Bakewell district. Lydia Fox died in the December quarter of 1860
in the Bakewell district.
In 1861 Joseph, 41, lived at Tideswell with Ann, 35, and Elizabeth,
11. Robert, 44, also lived there, with Milicent, 34, Elizabeth,
15, Joseph, 12, George, 8, Milicent, 6, William, 4, and James, 1.
An Ann Fox died in the September quarter of 1861 and a Joseph Fox died
in the June quarter of 1864, both in the Bakewell district.
In 1871 Robert, 50(?), Millicent, 43, Elizabeth, 25, George R, 19,
William, 14, Isaac, 7, John, 5, and Henry, 3, lived at Hunslet.
In the 1881 Census Robert lived at Hunslet :
Residence : 5 Gawen Street, Hunslet, Yorkshire
Isaac Fox probably married his cousin Maria Ibbotson
Broomhead in the March quarter of 1887 in the Hunslet district.
Elizabeth (Betty) Ibbotson
Elizabeth and William Rhodes’ children, all baptised at Hathersage, included :
Edward, born about 1828. He married Frances (Fanny) Elsworth in
the December quarter of 1853 in Sheffield, and their children included :
- (possibly) Mary E, born about 1854 in Sheffield,
Clara, christened on 7th October 1855 at Attercliffe,
Frances, christened on 17th November 1861,
Sarah Ann, christened on 21st June 1863 at Attercliffe,
Millicent, baptised on 19th February 1865 at Attercliffe, and
Florence Rose, baptised on 7th February 1869 at Attercliffe.
Sarah, born about 1830. She married her cousin Joseph Ward, son of Bartholomew Ward.
In the 1881 Census Edward Rhodes was a
publican like his brother-in-law Joseph Ward, living at the Victoria Hotel, 237
High Street, Attercliffe cum Darnall, Yorkshire :
Servt U 20
Domestic Servant Sheffield
Servt U 20
Domestic Servant Attercliffe
Clara Rhodes married William Widdowson in the June quarter of 1874 in
the district of Sheffield. She died, aged 55, in the September
quarter of 1907 in the same district. In the 1881 Census the
Widdowson family lived at 89 Carlton Road, Attercliffe :
Hannah E Gill
Richard Latham Domestic
Servant Newton Heath,
(Was Eliza Furnis a relation of Harriet Furness, the servant of Edward
Rhodes?) William Widdowson died aged 51 in the June quarter of
1902 in the district of Sheffield.
Mary Ann Ibbotson died, aged 69, in the June quarter of 1877 in the
district of Bakewell. Joseph was listed in the 1881 Census :
Residence : Rook House, Norfolk Lane, Ecclesfield, Yorkshire
Sarah A Helliwell
Kate H White
Joseph Ibbotson died, aged 82, in the March
quarter of 1889 in the Sheffield district.
Edward and Sarah Ibbotson’s children, all christened at Hathersage, included :
Joseph, baptised on 22nd November 1835, and
Sarah Ann, baptised on 8th October 1837.
In 1841 Edward, 28, Sarah, 25, and Sarah Ann, 4, were living with
Edward’s parents Joseph, 79, and Millicent, 71, at High Peake, and
Joseph, 5, was living with his uncle Bartholomew Ward. In 1861
they were living at West Ham (Edward, 49, Sarah J, 46, and Sarah A,
24). Joseph Ibbotson, 25, lived at Ecclesall Bierlow with his
wife, Elizabeth, 33, and daughter Mary, 0.
In the 1881 Census Joseph Ibbotson lived at Ecclesall Bierlow :
Residence : 224 Ecclesall Road, Ecclesall Bierlow, Yorkshire
Master employing 3
men and 2 boys
Sarah Ann Ibbotson,
daughter of Edward, farmer, born at Hathersage, married Edward
McDermott on 7th August 1860 at Leytonstone, Essex.
George Bartholomew Davage (continued)
George Davage married again in the June quarter of
1864, in the Rotherham district, to Sarah Levick, who died at Wadsley
Bridge, Ecclesfield, on 16th June 1890, aged 64, from cerebral
apoplexy. Her death was registered by her husband, who signed the
certificate with a cross, and whose occupation was given as steel
George Davage died on 18th January 1899 at 64
Chippingham St, Sheffield, at the age of 76, “suddenly from natural
causes, probably heart disease”. He is buried at Wadsley Bridge,
George and Sarah Ann, his first wife, had the following children, all born at Wadsley Bridge, Sheffield :
Ruth Ann, born in the September quarter of 1843 in the district of
Wortley, who married Thomas Barker, a joiner on 28th March 1864 at St
Phillip’s, Sheffield. On the night of the 1881 Census, Ruth and
her son Tomey (Thomas) were staying with her uncle, Joseph Ward, at the
Gold Inn, Wadsley Bridge, but were also listed at the home of her
William, born in the September quarter of 1845 in the Worsley district, who married Lydia Lingard in 1869,
Millicent Mary, born about 1847, who married Henry Crookes in 1870. The 1871 Census spelt their surname Crooks.
Bartholomew, born in the March quarter of 1849 in the Wortley district, died in 1919,
George, born on 14th May 1851, father’s occupation “tilter”
Sarah Ann, born in the June quarter and died in the September quarter
of 1853 in the Wortley district and buried at Wadsley Bridge,
Joseph, born in the December quarter of 1855 in the Wortley district,
and died in the September quarter of 1856 in the same district,
Violetta Elizabeth, born in the December quarter of 1856 in the
Wortley district, and died in the June quarter of 1859 in the same
district (name registered as Violella Elizabeth Davidge),
John, born in the December quarter of 1858 in the district of Wortley, who was a steel forgeman and died after 1881, and
Edward, born in the December quarter of 1859 in the Wortley district,
who married Emma Reaney (born in the September quarter of 1866 in the
Sheffield district, died aged 56 in the March quarter of 1923 in the
same district) in March 1884 in the Sheffield district, and died in
1924. Their descendant still lives in Sheffield.
In the 1851 Census the family was listed as : George
at Owlerton, YKS
Wadsley Bridge, YKS
Wadsley Bridge, YKS
Wadsley Bridge, YKS
Wadsley Bridge, YKS
Possibly also in the household were :
Bellwood Apprentice 19
Wadsley Bridge, YKS
George and Sarah’s eldest son William
was staying at his grandfather’s house on Census night.
In the 1861 Census the family was living in the parish of Ecclesfield :
George, 38, Sarah, 36, Ruth, 17, William, 15, Millescent, 14,
Bartholomew, 12, George, 9, John, 2 and Edward, 1. On the same
Census folio were listed Sarah’s parents Bartholomew Ward, 61, born at
Howe, Yorkshire, and Ruth, 61, born at Hathersage, Yorkshire.
The 1881 Census gives the following details of the
family at Wadsley Bridge. Note that son Robert must have been
born about 1867/8, so his mother must have been George’s second wife.
M 58 Forge Man
22 Forge Man
Note : Olerham may be Owlerton.
Ruth Ann Davage
In the 1881 Census, the Barker family are all listed
as living in Sheffield, although Ruth and her son Thomas were also
listed with her uncle Joseph Ward :
Residence : 56 Watery St, Sheffield, YKS
37 Joiner and
Ruth A Barker
Sarah A Barker
Sarah Ann Barker was born in the June quarter of
1865, Elizabeth in the March quarter of 1870, James in the December
quarter of 1871, Thomas in the June quarter of 1875, and Henry in the
December quarter of 1878.
In the 1901 Census Ruth A
Barker, 57, and Thomas Barker, 57, master builder, Thomas H Barker, 27,
clerk in steel works, and Henry Barker, 22, bricklayer’s labourer, all
lived at Nether Hallam, and James Barker, 29, building contractor,
lived in Sheffield. Ruth Ann Barker died, aged 62, in the March
quarter of 1906 in the Sheffield district. Thomas Barker died,
aged 75, in the September quarter of 1918 in the same district.
William Davage married Lydia Lingard at Wortley in
the June quarter of 1869. Lydia was born in the March quarter of
1848 in the district of Wortley. Their daughter, Sarah Ann Davage
was christened at Oughtibridge, Yorkshire, on 9th October 1870.
In 1891 William, aged 44, and Lydia, aged 43, still lived at Wortley,
but in 1901 they were both living in South Manchester, where William
was a “foreman fitters forgeman”, and Sarah A Davage, aged 29,
occupation “farrier”, lived in Sheffield.
Lydia Davage died in
the December quarter of 1914, aged 65, in the district of Fylde (near
Blackpool), and William died in the September quarter of 1915, aged 69,
in the same district.
Sarah A Davage married Edgar Winterbottom
in the March quarter of 1913 in the same district. Edgar
Winterbottom was born in the June quarter of 1885 in the district of
Oldham (near Manchester), and died, aged 43, in the June quarter of
1929 in the district of Fylde. In 1901 Edgar, aged 16, was a
Milllicent Mary Davage
Millicent Mary Davage married Henry Crookes at
Wortley in the June quarter of 1870. In the 1881 Census the
family was :
Residence : Burrow Lees, Ecclesfield YKS
Henry Crookes died, aged 52, in the
June quarter of 1901 in the Sheffield district, and Millicent Mary
Crookes died, aged 55, in the June quarter of 1903 in the district of
Violetta Crookes was born in the September quarter
of 1871 in the Sheffield district, Ada in the December quarter of
1872. Millicent Crookes was born in the June quarter of 1878 in
the district of Wortley, and died in the June quarter of 1883, aged 5,
in the same district.
Violetta Crookes married Thomas Henry
Naylor in the December quarter of 1889 in the Sheffield district.
His sister(?) Alice Eugenia Naylor’s marriage was also recorded on the
same page of the register. In the 1901 Census, Thomas Henry and Violetta Naylor
are probably registered as Thomas H Taylor, aged 35, confectioner, and
Violet Taylor, aged 30, both living at Bury, near Manchester.
Bartholomew Davage married Alicia Woodhead in the
March quarter of 1872 in the district of Wortley, and later emigrated
to Pittsburgh, America. Alicia Woodhead was born on 16th April
1852, and christened on 20th June at the Wesleyan Methodist Church,
Ripley, Derbyshire. Her parents were George Casson Woodhead and
Mary Ann Ollerenshaw, who were married in the December quarter of 1841
in the Sheffield district. George Woodhead died, aged 47, in the
June quarter of 1867 in the Wortley district, and Mary Ann Woodhead
died, aged 77, in the March quarter of 1897 in the same district.
In 1881 Bartholomew’s wife and children were living with his
mother-in-law, and there was no record of Bartholomew, who was possibly
in America, preparing the way for his family.
Residence : Burrow Lees, Ecclesfield YKS
Mary A Woodhead
George B Davage
Henry L Davage
Henry Woodhead was born in the June quarter of 1845 in the Wortley
district. George Bartholomew Davage was born in the December
quarter of 1872, and Harry Levick Davage was born in the June quarter
of 1880, both in the same district. At least two more sons were
born in Pittsburgh, James Garfield Davage on 11th June 1883, and Rueben
Nelson Davage on 11th December 1893 (his mother’s name was registered
as Annie). A Nelson R Davage was born on 7th October 1923 in
America, and died on 19th November 2003 in Butler, Pennsylvania.
In 1901, Edward Davage, aged 41, a joiner and
builder, lived in the civil parish of Attercliffe Cum Darnall.
Also living there were Emma, aged 34, and their probable children :
John Edward, born in the March quarter of 1885 in the Sheffield district,
Sarah Elizabeth, born in the December quarter of 1890 in the Sheffield district,
Thomas William, born in the September quarter of 1891 in the
Sheffield district, who died, aged 61, in the March quarter of 1953 in
the same district
Emma, born in the December quarter of 1895 in the Sheffield district, and
Hilda, born in the December quarter of 1900 in the Sheffield district (5 months old at the time of the 1901 Census).
In White’s Directory of 1911, Edward Davage is listed as a joiner,
living at 9 Sleaford Street, Attercliffe. In the 1919 Directory,
Edward was still living at the same address, but his occupation was
John E Davage married Eva Allen in the September quarter of 1910 in the
Sheffield district. Two of their children were Annie Davage, born
in the September quarter of 1911, and Edward, born in the December
quarter of 1913, both in the Sheffield district. An Annie Davage
died, aged 6, in the March quarter of 1918 in the district of Ecclesall
Sarah E Davage married a Mr Ridge in the June quarter of 1917 in the
district of Wortley, and Harold Ridge was born in the March quarter of
1918 in the same district.
George Davage died on 10th February 1909 at 129
Walkley St, Sheffield, of pleuro-pneumonia and cardiac failure.
He was a master builder and joiner, and later undertaker, who was
married to Ellen
on 18th June 1877 at St Phillip’s,
Sheffield by James Russell, the vicar, after banns. At the time
of the marriage, both the bride and groom resided at Watery (?)
Street. Witnesses were Thomas Fawley and William H Hurst.
The bride’s age was given as 22 (?).
on 25th April 1941 of chronic bronchitis at 24 Burbadge Place, Derby,
the residence of her daughter, Kate Green.
The children of George and Ellen Davage were :
Sarah Ann, born in 1877. In the June quarter of 1902 she
married, either George Foster or (probably) George William Race, in the
district of Ecclesall Bierlow. [George William Race was born
about 1877, and in 1901 was a rolling mill hand, living at Nether
Minnie Ellen, born in the September quarter of 1878 in the district
of Ecclesall Bierlow and christened on 30th September 1879 at
Sheffield. A Minnie Davage married Harry Smaller in the June
quarter of 1925 in the district of Grimsby.
George Edward, born in the September quarter of 1880 and died in the December quarter of 1881 both in the Sheffield district,
Edith Elizabeth, baptised on 4th April 1882 in the district of
Ecclesall Bierlow, who was burned to death in an accident. She
died, aged 11, in the December quarter of 1893 in the Sheffield
Ruth, born in the September quarter of 1884 in the district of Ecclesall Bierlow,
Madge, (registered as “Madige”), born on 17th February 1887, who married Edwin Muxlow,
George William, born on 21st March 1889 at 129 Walkley St, Sheffield,
twins Ethel and Mary, born in the September quarter of 1895 in the
district of Ecclesall Bierlow. Mary died in the September quarter
of 1896, aged 1, and Ethel died in the December quarter of the same
year, both in the same district.
Kate, born in the June quarter of 1897 in the district of Ecclesall
Bierlow, who married Percy Walter Green (born in the June quarter of
1896 in Chesterfield) in Chesterfield in 1921, and
Clement, born and died in the June quarter of 1898 in the district of Ecclesall Bierlow.
The 1873 National Survey of land owners listed a George Davage as the
owner of 11 acres, 2 roods, 12 poles of land at Wadsley Bridge, with a
value of £29/2/-.
The 1891 Census listed George, 39, Sarah Ann, 14, Edith Elizabeth, 9,
Ruth, 7, Madge, 4, and George William, 2, all living at Ecclesall
Bierlow, Nether Hallam.
In 1901, George, aged 49, was a bricklayer living at
129 Walkley St, Nether Hallam with Ellen, aged 45. Madge, George
and Kate were still living at home. Minnie, aged 22, was a
“domestic servant”, and Ruth, aged 16, was a “general servant
domestic”. In White’s Directory of 1911, Mrs Ellen Eliza Davage
was still living at 129 Walkley Street.
Ruth Davage married John Robert Freeman in the
December quarter of 1902 in the district of Ecclesall Bierlow.
Two of their children were Robert W Freeman, born in the December
quarter of 1911, and Ruth E Freeman, born in the June quarter of 1914,
both in the district of Rotherham.
George William Davage
George William Davage was an insurance agent and
newsagent. He married Beatrice Rose (born 27th December 1890 at
Wadsley, Ecclesfield, father John Rose who was a spring knife cutler,
mother Harriet Wilson) on 8th August 1912 at Ecclesall Bierlow,
Sheffield, and died at Evanton, Rosshire, Scotland. John Gantley
Muxlow (father of Edwin Muxlow) and Kate Davage were witnesses at the
wedding. Their children were:
George Francis, born on 3rd June 1914 at Eckington, Derby.
Harriet Wilson was born in Australia, the daughter
of Thomas Wilson, a clerk. In 1879, aged 23, she married at St
Phillip’s, Sheffield, George Thomas Riley, aged 30, born in Bangalore,
India. He was an attendant at Wadsley Aslyum, the son of John
Riley, a soldier. George was aged 32 and living in Worral Lane,
Bradfield in 1881 with his wife and 4 year old son, Robert. He
died in 1885, and was buried at Wadsley churchyard, followed four days
later by his 15 day old baby, Harriet. His wife, aged 32, married
a widower, John Rose in 1890 at Wadsley. John Rose was born in
1858 and was the son of William Rose, a cutler and Julia.
Spring knife cutlers made folding knives, pocket,
pen, jack knives etc. Wadsley was a significant centre for the
production of such knives, although the village had a poor reputation
Shortly after George’s birth, Beatrice died of
cancer, and George William Davage moved to Evanton, Rosshire, where he
had a newsagent’s business.
George Francis Davage was not very happy living in a
remote Scottish village so he ran away and joined the Navy, serving
aboard HMS Hood, Repulse etc. He met his wife, Mary Forde (born 1916,
Cork, Ireland) in Weymouth where their son, George William Davage, was
born on 7 Oct 1943. He was later transferred to Portsmouth. Other
children were Kathleen, Christopher and Paul.
George Francis Davage was a survivor of the sinking
of HMS Repulse by the Japanese in the South China Sea on 10th December
1941. Prior to her marriage, Mary Forde had lived in a pub run by
either her parents, John and Helen/Ellen Forde or her sister,
Sheila. The pub was in Barrack Street, Cork. Mary’s mother’s
maiden name was Reagan, and she died aged 34 in 1926/7. George
died in the mid-1980’s.
The Salisbury, Leech and Gooday Families
Ellen Salisbury was born on 7th July 1858 at 6 Mill
Lane, Bury St Edmunds, Suffolk. Her father was David Salisbury, a
bootmaker journeyman, who was born to William Salisbury and his wife
, and christened on 24th January 1835 at St James Church,
Bury St Edmunds. Her mother was Harriet Gooday
William Salisbury was a shoemaker who died at Bury
St Edmunds in April 1838 of smallpox.
Eliza Leech married William Salisbury on 9 March 1828 in Timworth and they had several children :
Phoebe, born about 1829 at Timworth. In the 1861 Census Pheobe
(sic) Salisbury, aged 21, lived at St Clement, Ipswich. She
married John Garrod in the June quarter of 1858 in the district of Bury
St Edmunds. John Garrod died, aged 56, in the March quarter of
1880 in the Ipswich district, and Phoebe Garrard died, aged 55, in the
June quarter of 1885, in the district of Bury St Edmunds. The
family was recorded in the 1881 Census under the surname Garrard :
Residence : 1 Willow Place, Mill Lane, Bury St Edmunds St Mary, SUF
Bury St Edmunds, SUF
Bury St Edmunds, SUF
Emma Garrard was born in the December quarter of 1860, Walter in the
June quarter of 1865, Frederick in the March quarter of 1868, and Laura
in the June quarter of 1880, all in the district of Bury St
Edmunds. A Louisa Maria Garrard was born in the June quarter of
1863 in the same district.
Isaac, born on 24th November 1830 at Timworth and christened on 25th December,
William, born on 27th February 1832 at Bury St Edmunds, who married
Susan Shepard (née Smith) in the December quarter of 1865 in the
district of Sudbury. Their son Thomas was born in the September
quarter of 1866 in the same district. A William Salisbury was
also christened at the same time and place. In 1881 Thomas
Salisbury was living with his grandmother. Susan Smith had
married Thomas Shepard in the December quarter of 1848 in the Sudbury
David, born on 19th November 1834 and christened on 24th January 1835 at Bury St Edmunds, and
Louisa, born in the December quarter of 1838 at Bury St
Edmunds. She married Thomas Wiseman on 25th December 1857 at St
John The Evangelist, Bury St Edmunds. In the 1881 Census the
family lived in London :
Residence : 16 Marshfield, London, MSX
Thomas Wiseman H
M 45 Labourer in
Ironworks Barrow, SUF
Thomas Griffiths Lodger
Louisa Wiseman died, aged 63, in the March quarter
of 1902 in the district of Poplar, and a Thomas Wiseman died, aged 69,
in the June quarter of 1903 in the district of Lambeth.
In the 1841 Census Eliza
Salisbury, 30, and William, 5, lived at Bury St Edmunds. David,
aged 7, the son of a washerwoman, was a patient in the Suffolk General
Hospital in Bury St Edmunds.
In 1851 Eliza Salisbury, 41, William, 18,
David, 16, Sarah, 15, and Louisa, 12, lived at Bury St Edmunds. A
Maria Salisbury, aged 8, was also listed at the same address. In
1861 William Salsbury, 28, lived there. A Maria Salisbury, aged
8, was also listed at the same address. William Salisbury,
bootmaker of Raingate St, died aged 47, in the June quarter of 1879 in
Bury St Edmunds. An Ann Maria Salisbury was buried, aged 5 weeks,
on 3rd January 1863, the daughter of Maria Salisbury, single woman, of
Eliza Salisbury married Charles Catton in the
December quarter of 1858 at Bury St Edmunds. He died in the
December quarter of 1865 in the same district, and in the 1881 Census
Eliza was again a widow :
Residence : 25 Raingate St, Bury St Edmunds St Mary, SUF
Charles Catton, 32, a painter, was a boarder at 23
Raingate St. Eliza Catton died, aged 72 (?), in the December
quarter of 1887 in the district of Bury St Edmunds.
Eliza Leech was born in 1809 at Timworth,
Suffolk. Eliza’s parents were William and Hannah nee Cook, who
were married at St James’ Church, Bury St Edmunds, on 20th January
1800. Their children, all born at Timworth, were :
William, born in 1802,
Sarah, born in 1805,
Samuel, born in 1807,
Eliza, born in 1809,
John, born in 1814,
Robert, born in 1818, and
George, born in 1821, who married Susannah Fuller.
The 1851 census lists the Leech family :
Bury St Edmunds
Hannah Leech was buried at Timworth on 7th June 1863, aged 85, and her
husband William was buried there on 10th June 1866, aged 91.
David Salisbury married Harriet Gooday in the June
quarter of 1858 at Bury St Edmunds. In 1861 David Salisbury, aged
26, and Harriet, aged 24, were both living in Bury St Edmunds. A
Minnie Salisbury was born in the March quarter of 1862 in the Bury St
Edmunds district, and an Ernest Salisbury was born in the June quarter
of 1871 in the same district. David Salisbury died, aged 38, in
the December quarter of 1872 in the Bury St Edmunds district, and
Harriet Salisbury died, aged 41, in the June quarter of 1876 at
Sheffield, where Ellen Salisbury appears to have lived before her
Harriet Gooday was christened on 22nd May 1836 at
Barrow, Suffolk, a village a few miles west of Bury St Edmunds.
Her mother was Amy Gooday, and her father’s name was not
recorded. Amy Gooday later married John Lies on 4th November 1837
at Barrow. Their children, all christened at Barrow and named
Lies or Lyes, were :
Emily, christened on 14th April 1839,
George, christened on 15th August 1841, and died on 18th January 1847,
Eliza, baptised on 24th December 1843,
James, baptised on 16th March 1845, and
Obadiah, christened on 16th August 1846.
In the 1881 Census a James Lyes, aged 39, born at
Barrow and unmarried, was a soldier (private) stationed in the New
Infantry Barracks, York, with 24 others. His father was still
living at Barrow :
Residence : The Green, Barrow, Suffolk
An Emily Lyes married William Last in 1867 at
Saffron Walden, Suffolk. Two entries in the 1881 Census could
refer to this couple, one which gives the correct place of Emily’s
birth, but an incorrect age, and the other which is the opposite.
The age of the eldest children may be a clue to the correct entry :
Residence : The Green, Beyton, Suffolk
Bradfield St George, SUF
Residence : Kings Hall Farm, Rougham [Green], Suffolk
Bury St Edmunds, SUF
Bury St Edmunds, SUF
Amy (or Emma) Goodey was christened at Barrow on 2nd
May 1818. Her parents were Edward Goodey and Betsey. Edward
Goody married Elizabeth Drake at Barrow on 26th June 1817. Both
Edward and Elizabeth were born about 1800, according to entries in the
Suffolk Bishops’ Transcripts copied by an unknown LDS submitter.
Other possible children of the couple were :
Harriot, christened on 27th August 1820, who died on 30th January 1823,
Robert William, christened on 7th April 1822,
George, christened on 6th October 1824, and
Henry, baptised on 25th November 1827.
Two Edward Goodays died in the District of Thingoe,
which includes the village of Barrow, one in the December quarter of
1844, and the other in the December quarter of 1851.